Aedanus Burke

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Aedanus Burke
Aedanus Burke.jpg
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of South Carolina
In office
1796–1799
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1789 – March 3, 1791
Preceded by Constituency created
Succeeded by Robert Barnwell
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from St. Philip's and St. Michael's Parish
In office
August 31, 1779 – November 4, 1788
Personal details
Born 16 June 1743
Galway, Ireland
Died March 30, 1802(1802-03-30) (aged 58)
Political party Anti-Administration
Profession Judge
Military service
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch Continental Army
South Carolina Militia
Years of service 1778; 1780-1782
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War

Aedanus Burke (16 June 1743 – 30 March 1802) was a soldier, judge, and United States Representative from South Carolina. Born in Galway, Ireland, he attended the theological college at Saint-Omer, France, visited the West Indies, and immigrated to the American Colonies, settling in Charles Town, South Carolina (now Charleston.) He served in the militia forces of South Carolina during the American Revolutionary War and was appointed a judge of the State circuit court in 1778, serving until the enemy overran the state. He was a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1778 to 1779, and again served in the Revolutionary Army from 1780 to 1782.

In 1783 he published two pamphlets, An Address to the Freemen of South Carolina (January 1783) and Considerations on the Society or Order of Cincinnati (October 1783), under the pseudonym Cassius where he criticized the nascent Society of the Cincinnati for being an attempt at reestablishing a hereditary nobility in the new republic.[1]

When the courts were reestablished, Burke resumed his seat on the bench, and in 1785 was appointed one of three commissioners to prepare a digest of the State laws. He was a member of the convention in 1788 called to consider ratification of the Constitution of the United States, which he opposed; he was elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the First United States Congress (March 4, 1789 – March 3, 1791). He declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1790 to the Second Congress, the legislature having passed a law prohibiting a State judge from leaving the State; he was elected a chancellor of the courts of equity in 1799 and served until his death in Charleston in 1802. As the senior member of the South Carolina appellate courts from 1796 to 1799, Burke was the Chief Justice of South Carolina. Interment was in the cemetery of the Chapel of Ease of St. Bartholomew's Parish, near Jacksonboro, South Carolina.

References[edit]

  1. ^ William Doyle, Aristocracy and its enemies in the age of revolution, Oxford University Press, 2009, p. 102ff.

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Constituency established
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 2nd congressional district

1789-1791
Succeeded by
Robert Barnwell