Aegiceras corniculatum

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Aegiceras corniculatum
Aegiceras corniculatum Blanco1 38 cropped.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Primulaceae
Genus: Aegiceras
Species: A. corniculatum
Binomial name
Aegiceras corniculatum
(L.) Blanco
Synonyms
  • Rhizophora corniculata Linnaeus
Aegiceras corniculatum

Aegiceras corniculatum, commonly known as Black Mangrove, River Mangrove or Khalsi, is a species of shrub or tree mangrove in the Myrsine family (or Primrose family) with a distribution in coastal and estuarine areas ranging from India through South East Asia to southern China, New Guinea and Australia.[2]

Description[edit]

Aegiceras corniculatum grows as a shrub or small tree up to 7 m high, though often considerably less. Its leaves are alternate, obovate, 30–100 mm long and 15–50 mm wide, entire, leathery and minutely dotted. Its fragrant, small, white flowers are produced as umbellate clusters of 10–30, with a peduncle up to 10 mm long and with pedicels 10–18 mm long. The calyx is 2–4 mm long and corolla 4–6 mm long. The fruit is curved and cylindrical or horn-shaped, light green to pink in colour and 20–75 mm long.[2] It grows in mud in estuaries and tidal creeks, often at the seaward edge of the mangrove zone.[3]

Medicinal uses[edit]

Aegiceras corniculatum extract has analgesic properties.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ellison, J., Koedam, N.E., Wang, Y., Primavera, J., Jin Eong, O., Wan-Hong Yong, J. & Ngoc Nam, V. (2010). "Aegiceras corniculatum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Aegiceras corniculatum". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust. Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  3. ^ "Aegiceras corniculatum". FloraBase. Department of Environment and Conservation, Western Australia. Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  4. ^ Roome, Talat; Dar, Ahsana; Naqvi, Sabira; Choudhary, M. Iqbal (2011). "Evaluation of antinociceptive effect of Aegiceras corniculatum stems extracts and its possible mechanism of action in rodents". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 135 (2): 351–8. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2011.03.025. PMID 21419211.