Aigio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Aegium)
Jump to: navigation, search
Aigio
Αίγιο
The town of Aigio
The town of Aigio
Location
Aigio is located in Greece
Aigio
Aigio
Coordinates 38°15′N 22°5′E / 38.250°N 22.083°E / 38.250; 22.083Coordinates: 38°15′N 22°5′E / 38.250°N 22.083°E / 38.250; 22.083
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: West Greece
Regional unit: Achaea
Municipality: Aigialeia
Mayor: Efstathios Theodorakopoulos
Population statistics (as of 2011[1])
Municipal unit
 - Population: 26,523
 - Area: 151.101 km2 (58 sq mi)
 - Density: 176 /km2 (455 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (min-max): 0–40 m ­(0–131 ft)
Postal code: 251 00
Telephone: 2691
Auto: ΑΧ,AZ
Website
www.aigialeia.gov.gr
www.aigio.gr

Aigio, also written as Aeghion, Aegion, Aegio, Egio, (Greek: Αίγιο) is a town and a former municipality in Achaea, West Greece, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Aigialeia, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit.[2] Its population is around 30,000. Aigio is a port town on the Gulf of Corinth.

Geography[edit]

The southwestern part of the municipality consists of the foothills of the Panachaiko mountain. The river Selinountas flows into the Gulf of Corinth in Valimitika, 5 km east of Aigio town centre. The town centre is immediately on the coast, between the ferry port and the train station. Fishermen bring their catches from a night of fishing into the markets every morning. Sites of interest include a Mycenean house dating back to ancient times, located near the cliffs. There is a hospital southwest of the town centre. Residential houses surround the city and flourish in the western part of Aigio, making it a popular destination for Athenians and others alike. Orange and lemon trees grow in most yards, and irrigation from small, open canals keeps the city greener than most.

History[edit]

Antiquity[edit]

Before the founding of the city, the area had a Neolithic settlement. Aegium was founded during Homeric times. It became a part of the Achaean League in around 800 BC. During that period, it had several Olympic athletes including Straton (Στράτων), Athenodorus (Αθηνόδωρος) and more. In 2000, the ancient city of Helike (sometimes called "The Lost Atlantis") was discovered: it had been buried by an earthquake and tsunami in 373 B.C. Archeologists are excavating the site.[3] From 330 BC until 281 BC, it was part of the Kingdom of Macedonia. It was later the capital of the Achaean League from 281 BC until the annexation with the Roman Empire in 146 BC, after the fall of Greece, the Romans removed the wall of the city and Aigio lost its importance. Aegium took the territory of Helike. Aegium split from the Roman Empire and became a part of the (Eastern Roman) Byzantine Empire. After the Slavic invasion in 805 it was renamed Vostitsa (Βοστίτσα). The origin of this name is the Old Church Slavonic word vosta or vostan which meant the city of gardens or the garden city.[citation needed]

Frankish/Ottoman Era[edit]

Andreas Londos destroys 3000 ennemies near Vostitsa by Peter von Hess.

It was captured by the Crusaders in the early 13th century and became the seat of a barony of the Principality of Achaea. In the early 15th century, it was conquered by the Despotate of the Morea, and in 1459 was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, who ruled it, with brief interruptions by the Venetians from 1463 until 1470 and from 1685 until 1715, until the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence. It was captured by the Greek rebels on 26 March 1821, becoming the first town to be liberated. After Greek Independence, the town was officially renamed to its ancient name.

Modern Era[edit]

On June 15, 1995, a serious earthquake destroyed many buildings and damaged roads in the downtown and southwestern sections,[4] with a number of casualties. The earthquake shattered Aigio: small memorials are found throughout the city, with candles aglow day and night to remember the victims. The mountainous countryside near Aigio was severely damaged by the 2007 Greek forest fires.[5]

Landmarks and sights[edit]

The sacred shrine of Panagia Trypiti.
Faneromeni church, designed by Ernst Ziller.
The Heroon. The inscription reads an epigram of Tyrtaeus.
Panagiotopoulos mansion.
Old mansion.
  • One of the most notable attractions of Aigio is the church of Panagia Tripiti. It is a national sacred shrine dedicated to the Mother of God the Life Giving Spring. It is built on a steep cliff almost 30 meters high, near to sea, in a beautiful landscape full of cypresses and pine trees.
  • The church of Panagia Faneromeni which is the cathedral of Aigio and it is the work of architect Ernst Ziller. The interior is decorated with paintings of Constantine Fanelis.
  • The Archaeological Museum of Aigio which originally housed the municipal market of Aigio.It is a work of the famous architect Ernst Ziller and it was built in 1890.

Transportation[edit]

Till May 2011 there used to be a ferry service from the port of Aigio to the northeastern mainland city of Agios Nikolaos (not to be confused with the Cretan city of the same name). Ferry service was very small and only had three Ferries daily. The trip was 45 minutes long. The shipping company that operated the ferry boat announced on May 2011 the stop of the ferry service due to financial reasons.[6] The port is crossed by rail which is not in operation anymore [7][8] since OSE announced the suspension of all the rail service in the Peloponnese on January 2011. The city can be accessed by Greek National Road 8A (Patras - Corinth) and Greek National Road 31 (Aigio - Kalavryta).

Infrastructure and economy[edit]

Aigio along with Patras and Piraeus was one of the main export hubs for Corinthian raisins since the 19th century.[9][10] Today the port is used as a fruit import hub for Chiquita Brands International mainly for import of bananas.[11] A new 256 m long pier northwest of the existing port was inaugurated on 7 August 2013 .The whole project costed 8.6 million Euro and it will enhance trade and tourism opportunities of the city. [12][13] Aigio houses two branch departments of the Technological Educational Institute of Patras, the department of Physiotherapy and the Optics and Optometry department.[14] The General Hospital of Aigio is situated few kilometers out of the town and has a capacity of 100 beds.The Hospital performs the most Laparoscopic surgeries in Greece while more than 50.000 people are examined on a yearly basis.[15]

Subdivisions[edit]

The municipal unit Aigio is subdivided into the following communities (constituent villages in brackets):

Historical population[edit]

Year Municipal district Municipality
1981 20,955 -
1991 22,178 28,903
2001 21,255 27,741
2011 20,664 26,523[16]

Mayors[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Sporting clubs[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]