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|English: Patriotic Song|
North Korean emblem
National anthem of
|Also known as||Ach'imŭn pinnara
English: Let Morning Shine
|Lyrics||Pak Seyŏng, 1946|
|Music||Kim Wŏn'gyun, 1945|
"Aegukka" is a Romanized transliteration of "Patriotic Song"; the song is also known by the first phrase of the song Ach'imŭn pinnara or "Let Morning Shine".
The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (1919-1945) in Shanghai, China adopted as their national anthem "Aegukga" (which has the same name with a different Romanization). After World War II, South Korea kept the words, put to a new tune (changed from Auld Lang Syne), while North Korea adopted this newly-written piece in 1947. The words were written by Pak Seyŏng and the music was composed by Kim Wŏn'gyun (김원균; 金元均; 1917-2002).
"Aegukka" is almost unique among most North Korean patriotic songs, as it praises neither the Workers' Party of Korea, nor Kim Il-sung or Kim Jong-il's cult of personality, but rather the whole of Korea itself.