Aelia (gens)

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The gens Aelia, occasionally written Ailia, was a plebeian family at Rome, which flourished from the fifth century BC until at least the third century AD, a period of nearly eight hundred years. The archaic spelling Ailia is found on coins, but must not be confused with Allia, which is a distinct gens. The first member of the family to obtain the consulship was Publius Aelius Paetus in 337 BC.

Under the empire the Aelian name became still more celebrated. It was the name of the emperor Hadrian, and consequently of the Antonines, whom he adopted. A number of landmarks built by Hadrian also bear the name Aelius. The Pons Aelius is a bridge in Rome, now known as the Ponte Sant'Angelo. Pons Aelius also refers to a Roman settlement in Britannia Inferior, now the site of Newcastle upon Tyne, while Aelia Capitolina was a Roman colony built on the ruins of Jerusalem.[1]

Praenomina[edit]

The Aelii regularly used the praenomina Publius, Sextus, Quintus, and Lucius. There is also one example of Gaius amongst the early members of the gens.[1]

Branches and cognomina[edit]

The family-names and surnames of the Aelia gens are Catus, Gallus, Gracilis, Lamia, Ligur, Paetus, Staienus, Stilo, and Tubero. The only cognomina found on coins are Bala, Lamia, Paetus, and Sejanus. Of Bala nothing is known. Sejanus is the name of the favorite of the emperor Tiberius, who was adopted by one of the Aelii.[1]

Members[edit]

This list includes abbreviated praenomina. For an explanation of this practice, see filiation.

Aelii Paeti[edit]

Aelii Tuberones[edit]

  • Publius Aelius Tubero, praetor in 201 and 177 BC.
  • Quintus Aelius Tubero, tribunus plebis in 194 BC, proposed the establishment of colonies among the Bruttii and Thurii, and appointed a commissioner for the foundation of the latter colony.[6]
  • Quintus Aelius Tubero, served under his father-in-law, Lucius Aemilius Paullus, in the war against Perseus in 168 BC.
  • Quintus Aelius Q. f. Tubero, a jurist, praetor in 123 and consul suffectus in 118 BC.
  • Lucius Aelius Tubero, a friend and relation of Cicero.
  • Quintus Aelius L. f. Tubero, a jurist, and perhaps the same man as the consul of 11 BC.

Others[edit]

See also[edit]

List of Roman gentes

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor.
  2. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita iv. 54.
  3. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita x. 23.
  4. ^ Fasti Capitolini
  5. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita xxiii. 21.
  6. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Conditaxxxiv. 53, xxxv. 9.
  7. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, Pro Sext. 31, 32, 43, Pro Dom. 19, De Haruspicum Responsis 3.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.