Nin, Croatia

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Nin
Town
Nin1.JPG
the Nin municipality within the Zadar County
the Nin municipality within the Zadar County
Nin is located in Croatia
Nin
Nin
Location of Nin within Croatia
Coordinates: 44°14′N 15°10′E / 44.233°N 15.167°E / 44.233; 15.167
Country Croatia
County Zadar
Government
 • Mayor Emil Ćurko (HDZ)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,256
  4,603 (municipality)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 23210
Area code(s) 023
Website grad-nin.hr

Nin (Latin: Aenona or Nona) is a town in the Zadar County of Croatia, population 1,256 (2001), total municipality population 4,603 (2001).

Nin was historically important as a centre of a medieval Christian Bishopric. Up to the abolition and Latinization imposed by King Tomislav in the first half of the 10th century, Nin was the centre of the autonomous Croatian branch of the Church. Nin was also the seat of the Princes of Dalmatia. The Bishop Gregory of Nin (Grgur ninski) was an important figure in the 10th century Church politics of Dalmatia.

History[edit]

A replica of Condura Croatica – Croatian boat from the 10th century in the Nin lagoon

A small town near Zadar, Nin has a very rich and tumultuous history. Its location is intriguing; the heart of Nin is its historical center on an islet only 500 meters in diameter. Nin is situated in a lagoon on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea, surrounded by natural sandy beaches and linked with the mainland by two stone bridges from the 16th century. According to historians the area of Nin appears to have been settled 10,000 years ago. The present-day town on the islet developed 3,000 years ago and is one of the older towns on the eastern Adriatic. The area of Nin was first colonized by immemorial people of the Mediterranean.

Since the 9th century B.C. the civilization of the Illyrian tribe of Liburnians[1] was present before the Romans came, who had a strong sea and trade center called Aenona (this morphed in the Middle Ages into Nona). The rich archeological finds prove strong sea links with Greece and the Hellenistic world: recent explorations revealed a rarity, a very well preserved Byzantine mosaic on the floor of a Roman villa.

The Church of the Holy Cross in Nin originates from the 9th century

The Croats colonized Nin at the beginning of the 7th century. The first Croatian state community was formed at the end of the 8th and beginning of the 9th century. Nin was the first Croatian royal town, with its period of glory being from the 7th to the 13th centuries. In the 9th century Nin became the seat of the first Croatian bishop. Bishops from Nin played a great role in the country's religious, a cultural and a political sense. Significant rulers connected with the history of Nin include Prince Višeslav, Prince Branimir, King Tomislav, King Petar Krešimir IV, King Zvonimir.

At the time of the Turkish wars, Nin found itself on the battle-field. After the selling of Dalmatia to Venice (1409), the city came under the control of Venice. Its destruction then began; it was economically exploited but not protected militarily. The town was destroyed twice. The first destruction was in 1571 and the second on 28 April 1646. The Venice government gave an order to burn the town and destroy it systematically. According to historians, the Venice government sacrificed Nin and left the burnt town to the Turks to save the town of Zadar. Monument, churches, and the king's and bishop's palaces in Nin were destroyed and have never been replaced.

The economic development of Nin began after World War II. Since 1969, Nin has been developing as a tourist destination. Nin today is a historical and tourist town which looks for its development in the valorization of its historical heritage. In recent years, many monuments have been restored. Because of the importance of Nin in the history of Croatia, tourists visit from Croatia and elsewhere in Europe. They come especially to visit two symbols of the old town: the church of Holy Cross from the 9th century, called “the smallest cathedral in the world”, and the coronation church.

After 1980 near Nin a high power medium wave broadcasting station was built.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Illyrians by J. J. Wilkes,1992,ISBN 0-631-19807-5,Page 71,"... Place-names from the Illyrian territories add little to our knowledge of the Illyrian language. The recurrent element -ona, for example, Aenona (Nin), Blandona (south Liburnia), Emona (Ljubljana), Narona (Vid), Scardona (Skradin near Sibenik), Salona (Solin near Split), ..."

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°14′N 15°11′E / 44.233°N 15.183°E / 44.233; 15.183