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Temporal range: early Miocene–late Miocene
|Restoration by Heinrich Harder|
Aepycamelus is an extinct genus of camelid, formerly called Alticamelus, which lived during the Miocene 20.6–4.9 Ma existing for approximately . Its name is derived from the Homeric Greek αἰπύς, "high and steep" and κάμελος – "camel"; thus, "high camel"; alticamelus in Latin.
Aepycamelus was a prairie dweller of North America (Colorado, etc.). It was a highly specialized animal. Its head was relatively small compared with the rest of its body, its neck was long, as a result of giraffe-like lengthening of the cervical vertebrae, and its legs were long and stilt-like, with the elbow and knee joints on the same level. The top of its head would have been about 3 metres (9.8 ft) above the ground.
- Specimen 1: 721.3 kg (1,600 lb)
- Specimen 2: 621 kg (1,400 lb)
- Specimen 3: 574.7 kg (1,300 lb)
- Specimen 4: 363.5 kg (800 lb)
Its strange body structure gives us plenty of information on its mode of life and habits. Aepycamelus obviously inhabited dry grasslands with groups of trees. It is presumed to have moved about singly or in small groups, like today's giraffes, and like them, browsed high up in the trees. In this respect it had no competitors. It survived a relatively long time, through most of the Miocene epoch, and died out prior to the start of the Pliocene, possibly due to climatic changes.
- PaleoBiology Database: Aepycamelus, basic info
- Palmer, D., ed. (1999). The Marshall Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals. London: Marshall Editions. p. 277. ISBN 978-1-84028-152-1.
- M. Mendoza, C. M. Janis, and P. Palmqvist. 2006. Estimating the body mass of extinct ungulates: a study on the use of multiple regression. Journal of Zoology 270(1):90-101
- Benes, Josef. Prehistoric Animals and Plants. Pg. 248. Prague: Artua, 1979.