|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2011)|
|LASA-60 / AL-60 / C4M Kudu|
Atlas Aircraft Corporation
|First flight||15 September 1959|
|Primary users||Mexican Air Force
South African Air Force
The Aermacchi AL-60 was a light civil utility aircraft of the late 1950s and early 1960s, originally designed by Al Mooney of Lockheed in the United States. After the company decided not to build the aircraft in the US, it was manufactured in small quantities in Mexico and a few were assembled in Argentina (Santa Isabel, Córdoba, by Aviones Lockheed-Kaiser Argentina but the new factory was never built), and under licence by Aermacchi and Atlas Aircraft Corporation.
Lockheed flew only two prototypes of the AL-60 (in 1959) before deciding that it would be unprofitable in the US marketplace. Instead, the company chose to manufacture it under a joint venture in Mexico as Lockheed-Azcarate (LASA). 18 were produced in 1960 for the Mexican Air Force, as the LASA-60.
In Italy, Aermacchi purchased a licence to produce the type, first in its original configuration as the AL-60B, then in a modified version for various African customers as the AL-60C. This latter version changed from the original tricycle undercarriage to a taildragger arrangement.
The AL-60C version was built under license by Atlas Aircraft Corporation in South Africa. This aircraft was designated the Atlas C4M and known as the Kudu. Over 40 aircraft were built and served the South African Air Force between 1974 and 1991.
A number of C4M Kudu aircraft are still flying privately and have proven well in the role of skydive release aircraft. There is currently a project underway to re-engine the Kudu with turbine engines. This design known as the Atlas Angel or Turbine Kudu.
- Lockheed prototypes and a few assembled by Kaizer
- Mexican production model (44 built)
- AL-60B-1 Santa Maria
- Original Aermacchi-built version (4 built)
- AL-60B-2 Santa Mari
- Production Aermacchi version (81 built)
- AL-60C-5 Conestoga
- Aermacchi-built version for the Central African Republic
- AL-60F-5 Trojan
- Aermacchi-built version for Rhodesia (~10 units)
- Atlas C4M Kudu
- Atlas-built version for South Africa
Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1966–67
- Crew: One
- Capacity: Seven passengers or 454 kg (1,000 lb) cargo
- Length: 8.79 m (28 ft 10 in)
- Wingspan: 11.84 m (38 ft 10 in)
- Height: 3.25 m (10 ft 8 in)
- Wing area: 19.54 m² (210.3 ft²)
- Empty weight: 998 kg (2,200 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 1,746 kg (4,500 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Continental TSIO-470-B-A1A air-cooled flat-six, 193 kW (260 hp)
- Never exceed speed: 283 km/h (153 knots, 176 mph)
- Maximum speed: 270 km/h (146 knots, 168 mph) at 4,800 m (15,750 ft)
- Cruise speed: 206 km/h (111 knots, 128 mph) at 3,000 m (9,850 ft) (econ cruise)
- Stall speed: 87 km/h (46 knots, 54 mph) (flaps down)
- Range: 885 km (478 nmi, 550 miles)
- Service ceiling: 6,700 m (22,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: 4.3 m/s (840 ft/min)
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Taylor 1961, p. 272.
- Flying: 8. December 1969.
- World Airnews - Kudu with a Turboprop - Birth of an Angel
- Plane and Pilot: 1978 Aircraft Directory, page 58. Werner & Werner Corp, Santa Monica CA, 1977. ISBN 0-918312-00-0
- Taylor 1966, pp. 88–89.
- Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1961–62. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Company, 1961.
- Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1966–67. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Company, 1966.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lockheed L-402.|
- photograph and details (in Spanish) of the sole Chilean example, c/n 1002
- AL60 photographs and info in Rhodesia
- Atlas Kudu Survivors List with Pictures
- Aircraft.co.za - Aermacchi AL-60 / Atlas Kudu