Aeromarine

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Aeromarine Plane and Motor Company
Industry Aerospace
Founded 1914
Defunct 1930
Headquarters Keyport, New Jersey, United States
Key people Inglis M. Upperçu, founder
Products Aircraft and aircraft engines

The Aeromarine Plane and Motor Company was an early American aircraft manufacturer founded by Inglis M. Upperçu which operated from 1914 to 1930. From 1928 to 1930 it was known as the Aeromarine-Klemm Corporation.

History[edit]

The beginnings of the company dated to 1908, when Uppercu began to finance aeronautical experiments by a small firm at Keyport, New Jersey. In 1914, Aeromarine itself was founded at Keyport with Uppercu as president.[1] Aeromarine built mostly military seaplanes and flying boats, the most significant of which were the models 39 and 40. The company broke new ground in aviation by offering some of the first regularly scheduled flights. Aviation promoter Harry Bruno worked with Aeromarine to commercialize the transportation potential of airflight.

In 1928, the firm renamed itself Aeromarine-Klemm Corporation and began producing mostly Klemm aircraft designs, until the Great Depression forced its closure in 1930.[2]

The firm also built aero engines. After Aeromarine itself went out of business, the production of Aeromarine engines was continued by the Uppercu-Burnelli Corporation.[3]

A subsidiary "Aeromarine Sightseeing and Navigation Company" merged with Florida West Indies Airways, Inc to form the Aeromarine West Indies Airways, later renamed to "Aeromarine Airways". it operated the Aeromarine 75 and Aeromarine 85 aircraft.

Aircraft[edit]

Summary of aircraft built by Aeromarine[4]
Model name First flight Number built Type
Aeromarine Model B 1910 Canard
Aeromarine xx 1914 Canard
Aeromarine 39 1917 50 two-seat land-or-water based trainer
Aeromarine M-1 1917 6 advanced trainer
Aeromarine 700 1917 2 experimental torpedo bomber, powered by Aeromarine engine
Aeromarine DH-4B 1917 125 conversion of Airco DH.4 for de Havilland
Aeromarine 40 1918 50 two-seat flying boat trainer
Aeromarine 50 1919 Limousine Flying Boat
Aeromarine ML 1920 Experimental
Aeromarine A.S. 1920 3 Seaplane fighter - Ship's Scout
Aeromarine S.S. 1920 3 Seaplane fighter - Sea Scout
Aeromarine NBS-1 1920 25 production of Martin NBS-1 for US Army
Aeromarine 60 1920 Flying Boat
Aeromarine 80 1920 1 Conversion of Curtiss HS-2L
Aeromarine 85 1920 1 Conversion of Curtiss HS-2L
Aeromarine WM 1922 Mailplane
Aeromarine Sportsman 1922 Mailplane, version of Aeromarine 39-B
Aeromarine PG-1 1922 3 Ground attack design by US Army Engineering Division
Aeromarine 52 1922 Civil Transport
Aeromarine 55 1922 Civil Transport
Aeromarine L.D.B XII 1923 not built Night bomber
Aeromarine L.D.B XIII 1923 not built Night bomber
Aeromarine 75 1920 6-8 Conversion of Felixstowe F5L for civilian use[5]
Aeromarine AM-1 1923 1 Mailplane
Aeromarine AM-3 1923 1 Mailplane, modification of AM-1 design
Aeromarine AMC 1924 1 Passenger seaplane with aluminium hull
Aeromarine AM-2 1924 1 Mailplane, slight modification of AM-1 design
Aeromarine EO 1924 1 Sportplane
Aeromarine AT 1924 0 Proposed army transport
Aeromarine ASM 1924 Sport
Aeromarine CO-L 1924 Observation aircraft
Aeromarine ADA 1924 Agricultural aircraft
Aeromarine Messenger 1924 1 Experimental
Aeromarine BM-1 1920s Not built Proposed mailplane

Engines[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Angelucci, p. 35.
  2. ^ Angelucci, p. 35.
  3. ^ Angelucci, p. 35.
  4. ^ Skyways. April 2001. 
  5. ^ "Felixstowe (NAF) F-5-L (hull only) - Long Description " Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum

References[edit]

  • Angelucci, Enzo. The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present. New York: Orion Books, 1987. ISBN 0-517-56588-9.
  • Gunston, Bill. (1993). World Encyclopaedia of Aircraft Manufacturers. Naval Institute Press: Annapolis, Maryland. p. 13
  • Daniel Kusrow (2012), "Fleet list of Aeromarine aircraft", The Aeromarine Website (Daniel Kusrow & Bjorn Larsson) 

External links[edit]