Italian Air Force

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Italian Air Force
Aeronautica Militare
Coat of arms of the Italian Air Force
Coat of Arms of the Italian Air Force
Founded 28 March 1923 as Regia Aeronautica
Country  Italy
Size 43,000 personnel
545 aircraft
12 UAVs
Part of Italian Armed Forces
Motto Latin: Virtute Siderum Tenus
(English: With valor to the stars)
March Marcia di Ordinanza dell'Aeronautica Militare (Ordinance March of the Air Force) by Alberto Di Miniello
Anniversaries 28 March (Air Force Day)
Decorations 1 Cavalier Cross of the Military Order of Savoy
3 Cavalier Crosses of the Military Order of Italy
2 Gold Medals of Military Valor
1 Gold Medal of Aviation Valor
5 Silver Medals of Military Valor
2 Silver Medals of Civil Valor
1 War Cross of Military Valor
1 Silver Medal of Merit of the Italian Red Cross
1 Gold Medal of Benemerited Public Honor
1 Gold Medal of Merit for Public Health
Commanders
Chief of Staff of Military Aviation Lieutenant General Pasquale Preziosa
Insignia
Identification
symbol
Roundel of the Italian Air Force.svg

The Italian Air Force (Italian: Aeronautica Militare; AM) is the air force of the Italian Republic. The Air Force was founded as an independent service arm on March 28, 1923, by King Vittorio Emanuele III as the Regia Aeronautica (which equates to "Royal Air Force"). After World War II, when Italy was made a republic by referendum, the Regia Aeronautica was given its current name. Since its formation the service has held a prominent role in modern Italian military history. The aerobatic display team is the Frecce Tricolori.

History[edit]

Early history and World War I[edit]

Among the earlier adopters of military aviation, Italy's air arm dates back to 1884, when the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito) was authorised to acquire its own air component. The Air Service (Servizio Aeronautico) operated balloons based near Rome.

Palazzo Aeronautica headquarters of the Italian Air Force

In 1911, reconnaissance and bombing sorties during the Italo-Turkish War by the Servizio Aeronautico represented the first ever use of heavier than air aircraft in armed conflict.

The Regia Aeronautica and World War II[edit]

On 28 March 1923, the Italian air force was founded as an independent service by King Vittorio Emanuele III of the Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia). This air force was known as the Regia Aeronautica (Royal Air Force). During the 1930s, the fledgeling Regia Aeronautica was involved in its first military operations, first in Ethiopia in 1935, and later in the Spanish Civil War between 1936 and 1939. After a period of neutrality, Italy entered World War II on 10 June 1940 alongside Germany. The Regia Aeronautica could deploy more than 3,000 aircraft, although less than 60% were serviceable. The Regia Aeronautica fought from the icy steppes of Russia to the sand of the North African desert losing men and machines.

After the armistice of 8 September 1943, Italy was divided into two sides, and the same fate befell the Regia Aeronautica. The Air Force was split into the Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force in the south aligned with the Allies, and the pro-Axis Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana in the north until the end of the war. The end of the hostilities, on 8 May 1945, opened the gates to the rebirth of military aviation in Italy.

The birth of the Aeronautica Militare and the Cold War[edit]

Italian North American P-51D Mustang exhibited at the museum of Vigna di Valle

A popular vote by the people resulted in the end of the Kingdom of Italy and the establishment of the Italian Republic on 18 June 1946. Hence the Regia Aeronautica lost its "Royal" designation, and it became the Aeronautica Militare, a name that it has continued to hold ever since.

The Peace Treaty of Paris of 1947 placed severe restrictions on all of the Italian armed forces, but then the establishment of NATO in 1949 with Italy as a founding member brought about the necessity for the modernization of the all of the Italian armed forces, including the Italian Air Force. American military aid sent by the Mutual Defense Assistance Program brought about the introduction of American-made P-47 Thunderbolt and P-51 Mustang propeller-driven fighter planes. Then in 1952, the Italian Air Force was granted jet fighters for the first time, American F-84G Thunderjets and F-86D Sabre jets. Next F-84F jet fighters and C-119 Flying Boxcar transport planes were sent from the United States to the Italian Air Force. The reborn Italian aviation industry also began to develop and produce a few aircraft designs of its own, such as the Fiat G91, the Aermacchi MB-326, the Piaggio Aero P.166, and the line of Agusta-Bell helicopters.

The first supersonic fighters to serve in the Italian Air Force were American-designed F-104 Starfighters that were produced by a group of several European aircraft companies that included Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm, Dornier, Fiat, Fokker, and SABCA. During the 1970s, the Air Force acquired the Italian Aeritalia G222 and the modern American C-130 Hercules tactical transport planes, capable of carrying cargo or paratroopers. It also received the new Lockheed-Aeritalia F-104S Starfighter fighters for ground attack and air-defense purposes.

Italian Air Force Hercules C-130J-30 departs the 2014 Royal International Air Tattoo, England

A push to expand the Italian aircraft industry led Italy into the trilateral project that developed the Panavia Tornado fighter-bomber and air-defense fighters along with West Germany and the United Kingdom. This was a huge development and production project. Tornado fighters are still in service with all three countries, plus a few more, as of 2012. Also, Italian companies worked together with the Embraer Company of Brazil in the smaller project of developing and producing the AMX International AMX aircraft.

From the end of the Cold War to 2013[edit]

In 1990, after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, Italy joined the coalition forces, and for the first time in 45 years Italian pilots and aircraft were assigned to combat operations. With the need to replace the obsolescent F-104 Starfighters, Italy joined with Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom in the development of the Eurofighter Typhoon. With the Eurofighter Typhoon still some years from introduction to service, in 1994, 24Air Defence Versions of the Panavia Tornado were leased from the United Kingdom for a period of 10 years. The ADV Tornados served as fighter-interceptors to supplement and then to replace the old F-104 Starfighters. The last of the Italian F-104s was removed from service in 2004.

Armed conflicts in Somalia and Mozambique, and on the nearby Balkan Peninsula, led to the Italian Air Force becoming a participant in multinational air forces, such as the NATO force over the former Yugoslavia. This latter one occurred just a few minutes flying time east of the Italian peninsula, and the commanders-in-chief of the Italian Air Force soon saw the need to improve the Italian air defenses.

The Eurofighter Typhoons were originally expected to enter service beginning in the year 2000, but this did not happen on time. Hence the Italian Air Force needed to search for a supplement, and then a replacement for the Panavia Tornado Air Defence Version fighters that the Italian government had leased from the United Kingdom. This lease was expiring in 2004, and the Italian government did not want to take on the high expense of extending the lease. Hence the Italian government turned to the United States, and it leased from the Americans 34 F-16 Fighting Falcon multirole fighter planes for the Italian Air Force on multi-year leases. The last of these fighters was returned to the United States in May 2012, following the Air Force's acquisition of a sufficient number of Eurofighter Typhoons over a period of several years. These Typhoons will serve at first in the mission of air-defense fighters after finally having replaced all of the F-104s, all of the Tornado ADVs, and all of the F-16s.

The capability of the Italian Air Force in air transportation has been improved with the acquision of 22 American C-130J tactical transports, and 12 Alenia C-27J Spartans, which have replaced all of the G222s. In 2003, the Italian Air Force extended its capabilities to small-scale land warfare by small special forces units. This was done by forming the 17º Stormo Incursori ("17th Special Operations Wing"), also known as RIAM, Reparto Incursori Aeronautica Militare (Air Force Raiders Group). This is a unit that is aimed primarily towards missions such as raids on land-based aeronautical compounds, on Forward Air Control units, and in Combat Search and Rescue operations.[1]

Equipment[edit]

As of 2014, the Italian Air Force[2] operates a total active fleet of 557 aerial vechicles,[3] of which 216 are manned combat aircrafts and 12 UAVs. In addition there are 20 more Eurofighter Typhoon on order and 75 F-35 planned for the Italian Air force. These figures have been taken from Flightglobal.com[4][5] and the International Institute for Strategic Studies.[6][7][8]

Aircraft inventory[edit]

Aircraft Origin Type Versions Quantity Notes
Combat aircraft
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II  United States
 United Kingdom
 Italy

Others
Fighter-bomber F-35A
F-35B
0
0
Order of 60 F-35A and 30 F-35B. The order for 30 F-35B will be split between the Italian Air Force and the Italian Naval Air Arm.[9]
Eurofighter Typhoon  European Union Fighter Aircraft F-2000A
TF-2000A
64
12
20 more on order.[10]
Panavia Tornado  Italy  United Kingdom  Germany Strike Aircraft
SEAD
IDS(A-200A, A-200C, TA-200A and TA-200B)
IT-ECR (EA-200B)
70
15
First upgraded Tornado ECR delivered to Italian Air Force.[11][12][13]
AMX International AMX (Ghibli)  Italy
 Brazil
Attack Aircraft AMX ACOL(A-11A)
AMX-T (TA-11A)
43
12
200.000 flight hours for the Italian AMX[14]
Reconnaissance aircraft
Alenia G.222  Italy Cargo plane G.222RM (RC-222)
G.222VS(EC-222)
2
1
Radio & radar calibration plane.
SIGINT version.
Breguet Atlantique  France Maritime patrol aircraft ATL1 (P-1150A) 4 2 in storage
ATR 72  Italy Maritime patrol aircraft ATR 72 ASW 1 5 ordered in total, to replace ATL1
EL/W-2085  Israel AWACS G550 CAEW 0 2 ordered
Transport and Aerial refueling
Alenia C-27J Spartan  Italy Cargo plane C-27J 12 A derivative of the G.222 (C-27A) with the engines and systems of the C-130J.
Boeing KC-767  United States Air-to-air refueling, Cargo plane KC-767A 4
C-130J Super Hercules  United States Cargo plane
Air-to-air refueling
C-130J
KC-130J
C-130J-30
5
6
10
Tactical airlift version
Tactical airlift and air-to-air tanker version
Extended-fuselage version
Utility and VIP transport
Airbus VC-319A  European Union VIP Transport A319CJ 3
Dassault VC-50A  France VIP Transport Falcon 50 2
Dassault Falcon VC-900A  France VIP Transport Falcon 900EX 3
Dassault Falcon VC-900B  France VIP Transport Falcon 900EASy 2
Piaggio P180 Avanti  Italy Utility transport VC-180A
VC-180B[15]
15
2
Trainer aircraft
SIAI-Marchetti U-208A  Italy Trainer plane U-208 (S-208M)[16] 20
Aermacchi SF-260  Italy Trainer plane T-260EA (T-260B) 30 Fleet grounded due to technical problems[16]
Aermacchi MB-339  Italy Trainer plane MB‑339PAN (AT-339A)
MB-339A (T-339A)
MB-339CD1,CD2 (FT-339B, FT-339C)
18
34
29
MB339PAN to be replaced by M-345
Alenia Aermacchi M-346 Master  Italy Trainer plane T-346A 3 15 ordered in total, to replace MB-339A
Grob G103 Twin Astir  Germany Trainer plane G 103 9
Schempp-Hirth Nimbus-4  Germany Trainer plane Nimbus-4DM 2
LAK-17  Lithuania Trainer plane LAK-17 2
Helicopters
MD Helicopters MD 500 Defender  Italy Training helicopter NH 500E (TH-500B) 49
Agusta-Bell AB212  Italy Search and rescue HH-212A 33
AgustaWestland AW139  Italy Search and rescue
VIP Transport
HH-139A
AW139
3
4
20 HH-139A ordered in total, to replace HH-212A
Sikorsky S-61R  Italy Combat search and rescue HH-3F 21
AgustaWestland AW101  Italy Combat search and rescue HH-101 0 15 ordered, to replace HH-3F
UAVs
General Atomics RQ-1 Predator  United States Reconnaissance UAV RQ-1B 6[17][18]
General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper  United States Reconnaissance UAV MQ-9A 6[17][19]

Organisation and formations[edit]

Commands[edit]

  • Stato Maggiore Aeronautica Militare (Aeronautica Militare General Staff) in Rome
    • Comando della Squadra Aerea (Command of the Air Fleet) in Centocelle
    • Comando Logistico (Logistic Command) in Rome
    • Comando Scuole dell'Aeronautica Militare (Aeronautica Militare Schools Command) in Bari
    • Comando Operativo Delle Forze Aeree (Air Operations Command) in Poggio Renatico
    • Comando 1 Regione Aerea (1st (North Italy) Air Region Command) in Milan
    • Comando 3 Regione Aerea (3rd (South Italy) Air Region Command) in Bari
Italian Air Force Hercules C-130J-30 departs the 2014 Royal International Air Tattoo, England

Command of the Air Fleet[edit]

The Command of the Air Fleet (Comando della Squadra Aerea or CSA) controls all operative units of the Aeronautica Militare. The responsibility of the CSA is to ensure that each unit is equipped, trained and prepared for combat duty. However for actual missions the units are commanded by the Air-forces Operations Command (Comando Operativo Delle Forze Aeree or COFA).

  • Command of the Air Fleet (Comando della Squadra Aerea) in Centocelle
    • Combat Forces Command (Comando delle Forze da Combattimento) in Milan
      • Ensign of the 2º Stormo of the Italian Air Force.svg 2º Stormo Mario d'Agostini (2nd Wing) in Rivolto
        • Missile Regiment (Reparto Missili)
          • 700º Gruppo Mobile Sistemi Missilistici (700th Mobile Missile Systems Squadron) operating Spada Air-defence system
          • 701º Gruppo Mobile Sistemi Missilistici (701st Mobile Missile Systems Squadron) operating Spada Air-defence system
          • Missile Systems Training Squadron (Gruppo Addestramento Sistemi Missilistici)
        • 402º Gruppo STO (402nd Technical Support Squadron)
        • 502º Gruppo SLO (502nd Logistic Support Squadron)
      • Ensign of the 4º Stormo of the Italian Air Force.svg 4º Stormo Amedeo d'Aosta (4th Wing) in Grosseto
        • 9º Gruppo ADX (9th Fighter Squadron) operating Eurofighter Typhoon
        • 20º Gruppo OCU ADX (20th Fighter Training Squadron) operating Eurofighter Typhoon (Twin-seat variant)
        • 404º Gruppo STO (404th Technical Support Squadron)
        • 504º Gruppo SLO (504th Logistic Support Squadron)
        • 904º Gruppo Efficienza Aeromobili (904th (Eurofighter Typhoon) Maintenance Squadron)
        • 604ª Squadriglia Collegamenti (604th SAR and Communication Flight)
      • Ensign of the 6º Stormo of the Italian Air Force.svg 6º Stormo Alfredo Fusco (6th Wing) in Ghedi
        • 102º Gruppo OCU (102nd Training Squadron) operating Tornado IDS
        • 154º Gruppo FBX-STRIKE-RECCE (154th Fighter-Bomber Reconnaissance & SEAD Squadron) operating Tornado IDS
        • 156º Gruppo FBX (156th Fighter-Bomber Squadron) operating Tornado IDS
        • 406º Gruppo STO (406th Technical Support Squadron)
        • 506º Gruppo SLO (506th Logistic Support Squadron)
        • 906º Gruppo Efficienza Aeromobili (904th (Tornado) Maintenance Squadron)
        • 606ª Squadriglia Collegamenti (606th|SAR and Communication Flight)
      • 32°Stormo-Patch.png 32º Stormo Armando Boetto (32nd Wing) in Amendola
        • 13º Gruppo FBA (13th Ground Attack Squadron) operating AMX
        • 28º Gruppo UAV (28th Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Squadron) operating 5 × RQ-1A Predator
        • 101º Gruppo OCU (101st Training Squadron) operating 26 × AMX-T
        • 432º Gruppo STO (432nd Technical Support Squadron)
        • 532º Gruppo SLO (532nd Logistic Support Squadron)
        • 932º Gruppo Efficienza Aeromobili (932nd (AMX) Maintenance Squadron)
        • 632ª Squadriglia Collegamenti (632nd SAR and Communication Flight)
      • Ensign of the 36º Stormo of the Italian Air Force.png 36º Stormo Riccardo Helmut Seidl (36th Wing) in Gioia del Colle
        • 10º Gruppo ADX (10th Fighter Squadron) operating Eurofighter Typhoon
        • 12º Gruppo ADX (12th Fighter Squadron) operating Eurofighter Typhoon
        • 436º Gruppo STO (436th Technical Support Squadron)
        • 536º Gruppo SLO (536th Logistic Support Squadron)
        • 936º Gruppo Efficienza Aeromobili (936th Maintenance Squadron)
        • 636ª Squadriglia Collegamenti (636th SAR and Communication Flight)
      • 37°Stormo-Patch.png 37º Stormo Cesare Toschi (37th Wing) in Trapani
        • 18º Gruppo ADX (18th Fighter Squadron) Eurofighter Typhoon
        • 437º Gruppo STO (437th Technical Support Squadron)
        • 537º Gruppo SLO (537th Logistic Support Squadron)
        • 937º Gruppo Efficienza Aeromobili (937th Maintenance Squadron)
        • 637ª Squadriglia Collegamenti (637th SAR and Communication Flight)
      • 50°Stormo-Patch.svg 50º Stormo Giorgio Graffer (50th Wing) in Piacenza
        • 155º Gruppo ETS (155th Electronic Warfare and Tactical Suppression Squadron) operating 16 × Tornado ECR
        • 450º Gruppo STO (450th Technical Support Squadron)
        • 550º Gruppo SLO (550th Logistic Support Squadron)
        • 650ª Squadriglia Collegamenti (650th SAR and Communication Flight)
      • Ensign of the 51º Stormo of the Italian Air Force.svg 51º Stormo Ferruccio Serafini (51st Wing) in Istrana
        • 103º Gruppo FBA (103rd Ground Attack Squadron) operating AMX
        • 132º Gruppo FBA/RECCE (132nd Ground Attack Reconnaissance Squadron) operating AMX
        • 451º Gruppo STO (451st Technical Support Squadron)
        • 551º Gruppo SLO (551st Logistic Support Squadron)
        • 951º Gruppo Efficienza Aeromobili (951st Maintenance Squadron)
        • 651ª Squadriglia Collegamenti (651st SAR and Communication Flight)
      • 313°Gruppo-Patch.png 313º Gruppo Addestramento Acrobatico (313th Acrobatic Training Squadron – Frecce Tricolori) operating 20 × MB-339PAN in Rivolto
      • Squadriglia Collegamenti Linate (Communication Flight Linate) in Linate
    • 1ª Brigata-Patch.svg 1ª Brigata Aerea Operazioni Speciali Vezio Mezzetti (1st Special Air Brigade) in Padua
      • Ensign of the 9º Stormo of the Italian Air Force.svg 9º Stormo Francesco Baracca (9th CSAR Wing) in Grazzanise
        • 21º Gruppo (21st Squadron) operating AB 212 helicopters
        • 409º Gruppo STO (409th Technical Support Squadron)
        • 509º Gruppo SLO (509th Logistic Support Squadron)
        • 609ª Squadriglia Collegamenti (609th SAR and Communication Flight)
      • Ensign of the 16º Stormo of the Italian Air Force.svg 16º Stormo (16th Force Protection Wing) in Martina Franca
        • Battaglione Fucilieri dell'Aria (Air-force Fusiliers Battalion)
        • 416º Gruppo STO (416th Technical Support Squadron)
        • 516º Gruppo SLO (516th Logistic Support Squadron)
        • Security Company (Compagnia Difesa)
      • 17º Stormo (17th Special Forces Wing) in Cerveteri
        • Operational Special Forces Squadron (Gruppo Operativo Incursori)
        • Training Squadron (Gruppo Addestramento)
        • Service Support Squadron (Gruppo Servizi di Supporto)
        • Security Company (Compagnia Difesa)
    • Ensign of the 46ª Brigata Aerera of the Italian Air Force.png 46ª Brigata Aerea Silvio Angelucci (46th Air Brigade) in Pisa
      • 2º Gruppo (2nd Squadron) 11 × C-130J Super Hercules
      • 50º Gruppo (50th Squadron) 10 × C-130J-30
      • 98º Gruppo (98th Squadron) 12 × C-27J Spartan
      • 446º Gruppo STO (446th Technical Support Squadron)
      • 546º Gruppo SLO (546th Logistic Support Squadron)
      • 946º Gruppo Efficienza Aeromobili (946th Maintenance Squadron)
      • Crew Training Center (Centro Addestramento Equipaggi)
    • Ensign of the 14º Stormo of the Italian Air Force.svg 14º Stormo Sergio Sartoff (14th Wing) in Pratica di Mare
      • 8º Gruppo I Cavalieri (8th Squadron) operating 4 × Boeing KC-767, 4 × Alenia G.222RM, 2 × Alenia G.222VS
      • 71º Gruppo I Persei (71st Electronic Warfare Squadron) operating P180 Avanti, P.166DL3 APH, MB-339A RM
      • 914° Gruppo Efficienza Aeromobili (914th Maintenance Squadron )
      • Crew Training Center (Centro Addestramento Equipaggi)
    • Ensign of the 15º Stormo of the Italian Air Force.svg 15º Stormo Stefano Cagna (15th Wing) in Cervia[20]
      • 81º Centro Addestramento SAR (81st Search and Rescue Training Center) in Cervia operating AW139 helicopters
      • 82º Centro C/SAR (82nd Combat/Search and Rescue Center) in Trapani operating HH-3F helicopters
      • 83º Gruppo C/SAR (83rd Combat/Search and Rescue Center) in Cervia operating HH-3F helicopters
      • 84º Centro C/SAR (84th Combat/Search and Rescue Center) in Gioia del Colle operating HH-3F helicopters
      • 85º Centro C/SAR (85th Combat/Search and Rescue Center) in Pratica di Mare operating HH-3F helicopters
      • 415º Gruppo STO (415th Technical Support Squadron)
      • 515º Gruppo SLO (515th Logistic Support Squadron)
      • 915º Gruppo Efficienza Aeromobili (915th (Tornado) Maintenance Squadron)
      • 615ª Squadriglia Collegamenti (641st Communication Flight) in Cervia operating NH-500E helicopters
    • Ensign of the 31º Stormo of the Italian Air Force.svg 31º Stormo Carmelo Raiti (31st Wing) in Ciampino
      • 306º Gruppo (306th Squadron) operating 3 × Airbus A319CJ & 2 × Falcon 50
      • 93º Gruppo (93rd Squadron) operating 2 × Falcon 900EX, 3 × Falcon 900EASy, 2 × Sikorsky SH 3D-TS
      • 431º Gruppo STO (431st Technical Support Squadron)
      • 531º Gruppo SLO (531st Logistic Support Squadron)
      • 931º Gruppo Efficienza Aeromobili (931st Maintenance Squadron)
      • Crew Training Center (Centro Addestramento Equipaggi)
    • Ensign of the 41º Stormo Antisom of the Italian Air Force.svg 41º Stormo Athos Ammannato (41st Wing) in Sigonella
      • 88º Gruppo A/S (88th Anti Submarine Squadron) operating 12 × Breguet Atlantic
      • 441º Gruppo STO (441st Technical Support Squadron)
      • 541º Gruppo SLO (541st Logistic Support Squadron)
      • 941º Gruppo Efficienza Aeromobili (941st (Breguet Atlantic) Maintenance Squadron)
      • 86º Centro Addestramento Equipaggi (86th Crew Training Center)
      • 641ª Squadriglia Collegamenti (641st SAR and Communication Flight)
    • Comando Aeroporto / Quartier Generale del Comando della Squadra Aerea (Air Base Command & Operational Forces Command HQ) in Centocelle
    • Comando Aeroporto Aviano (Aviano Air Base Command) in Aviano
    • Centro Informazioni Geotopografiche Aeronautiche (Aeronautica Geo-topographic Information Center) in Pratica di Mare
    • Reparto Supporto Tecnico Operativo Guerra Elettronica (Electronic Warfare Support Regiment) in Pratica di Mare
      • Gruppo Supporto Operativo (Operations Support Squadron)
      • Gruppo Supporto Tecnico (Technical Support Squadron)
    • Reparto Addestramento Controllo Spazio Aereo (Air-space Control Training Regiment) in Pratica di Mare
      • Gruppo Addestramento Operativo Traffico Aereo (Air-traffic Training Squadron)
      • Gruppo Addestramento Operativo Difesa Aerea (Air-defence Training Squadron)
      • Gruppo Supporto Tecnico (Technical Support Squadron)
    • Ensign of the RSSTA of the Italian Air Force.svg Reparto Sperimentale Standardizzazione Tiro Aereo Giovanni Farina (Weapons R&D Regiment) in Decimomannu

[21]

Comando Logistico[edit]

  • 1ª Divisione – Centro Sperimentale di Volo (1st Division – Experimental Flight Center)
    • RepSV-Patch.svg Reparto Sperimentale Volo (Experimental Flight Department)
      • 311º Gruppo Volo (311th Flight Squadron)
      • Gruppo Sistemi Spaziali (Space Systems Squadron)
      • Gruppo Tecnico (Technical Squadron)
      • Gruppo Gestione Software (Software Squadron)
    • Reparto Chimico (Chemical Research Department)
      • Gruppo Materiali Strutturali (Structural Materials Squadron)
      • Gruppo Materiali di Consumo (Fuel Materials Squadron)
      • Gruppo Controlli non Distruttivi (Control Squadron)
      • Gruppo Analisi e prove Chimiche e Fisiche (Chemical and Physical Analysis and Experimentation Squadron)
    • Reparto Armamento (Weapons Research Department)
      • Gruppo Armamento Convenzionale (Conventional Weapons Squadron)
      • Gruppo Indagini Balistiche (Ballistic Research Squadron)
      • Gruppo Indagini Tecniche (Technical Research Squadron)
    • Reparto Medicina Aeronautica e Spaziale (Air and Space Medicine Department)
      • Gruppo Alta Quota ed Ambienti Estremi (High Altitude Squadron)
      • Gruppo Biodinamica (Biodynamical Squadron)
      • Gruppo Fattori umani (Human Factor Squadron)
  • 2ª Divisione – Supporto Tecnico Operativo Aeromobili Armamento ed Avionica (2nd Division – Avionic and Armaments Support)
    • 1º Reparto Supporto Aeromobili (1st Aircraft Support Unit)
    • 2º Reparto Supporto Sistemi Avionica Armamento (2nd Avionics and Weapons Systems Support Unit)
  • 3ª Divisione – Supporto Tecnico Operativo Sistemi Comando e Controllo Telecomunicazioni e Telematica (3rd Division – IT Support)
    • 1º Reparto Sistemi D.A./A.V./T.L.C. (IT Department)
    • 2º Reparto Sistemi Automatizzati (Automatic Systems Department)
  • Servizio dei Supporti (Support Service)
  • Servizio Infrastrutture (Infrastructure Service)
  • Servizio di Commissariato e Amministrazione (Commissariat and Administration Service)
  • Servizio Sanitario Aeronautica Militare (Aeronautica Militare Medical Service)

Comando Scuole dell'Aeronautica Militare[edit]

The Comando Scuole dell'Aeronautica Militare is responsible for the formation and training of all members of the Aeronautica Militare. It controls all schools and three Training Stormo's:

  • Comando Scuole dell'Aeronautica Militare (Aeronautica Militare Schools Command) in Bari
    • Istituto di Scienze Militari Aeronautiche (Military Aeronautical Sciences Institute) in Florence
      • Scuola Militare Aeronautica Giulio Douhet (Aeronautica Militare (High) School) in Florence
    • Accademia Aeronautica (Airforce Academy) in Pozzuoli
    • Divisione Formazione Superiore (Formation Division) in Taranto
      • Scuola Marescialli Aeronautica Militare (Non Commissioned Officers school) in Viterbo
      • Scuola Specialisti Aeronautica Militare (Non Commissioned Officers school) in Caserta
      • Scuola di Perfezionamento Sottufficiali Aeronautica Militare (on Commissioned Officers school) in Loreto
        • Scuola Lingue Estere (Foreign Languages School) in Loreto
      • Scuola di Sanità (Medical School) in Rome
    • Scuola di Aerocooperazione (Air Cooperation School – an inter-service coordination & training center) in Guidonia Montecelio
    • Centro di Selezione Aeronautica Militare (Aeronautica Militare Selection Center) in Guidonia Montecelio
    • CVV-AM-Patch.png Centro di Volo a Vela (Glider Centre) in Guidonia Montecelio
    • Centro Storiografico e Sportivo Aeronautica Militare (Aeronautica Militare History & Sport Center) in Vigna di Valle
    • Rappresentanza Aeronautica Militare Italiana Moose Jaw (Italian Aeronautica Militare Mission or RAMI Moose Jaw)
    • Rappresentanza Aeronautica Militare Italiana Sheppard (Italian Aeronautica Militare Mission or RAMI Sheppard)
    • 61ªBrigata-Patch.png 61º Stormo (61st (Jet Training) Wing) in Lecce
      • 212º Gruppo (212nd Squadron) operating MB-339CD
      • 213º Gruppo (213rd Squadron) operating MB-339A
      • 214º Gruppo Istruzione Professionale (214th Training Squadron)
      • 461º Gruppo STO (461st Technical Support Squadron)
      • 561º Gruppo SLO (561st Logistic Support Squadron)
      • 961º Gruppo Efficienza Aeromobili (961st (MB-339A) Maintenance Squadron)
      • 661ª Squadriglia Collegamenti (661st Communication Flight)
      • Compagnia Difesa (Security Company)
    • Ensign of the 70º Stormo of the Italian Air Force.svg 70º Stormo Giulio Cesare Graziani (70th (Basic Training) Wing) in Latina
      • 207º Gruppo (207th Squadron) operating SF.260EA
      • Gruppo Istruzione Professionale (Training Squadron)
      • 470º Gruppo STO (470th Technical Support Squadron)
      • 570º Gruppo SLO (570th Logistic Support Squadron)
      • Gruppo Efficienza Aeromobili (Maintenance Squadron)
      • 674ª Squadriglia Collegamenti (674st Communication Flight)
      • Compagnia Difesa (Security Company)
    • 72°Stormo-Patch.png 72º Stormo (72nd (Helicopter Training) Wing) in Frosinone
      • 208º Gruppo (208th Squadron) operating NH-500E helicopters
      • Gruppo Istruzione Professionale (Training Squadron)
      • 472º Gruppo STO (472nd Technical Support Squadron)
      • 572º Gruppo SLO (572nd Logistic Support Squadron)
      • Gruppo Efficienza Aeromobili (Maintenance Squadron)
      • Compagnia Difesa (Security Company)

Comando Operativo Delle Forze Aeree[edit]

The Comando Operativo Delle Forze Aeree (Air-forces Operations Command or COFA) conducts all operations of the Aeronautica Militare. The COFA controls all military radar installations in Italy and its Gruppo Riporto e Controllo Difesa Aerea coordinates the control of and if necessary the defence of the Italian Air-space. If needed the COFA can directly employ and command all units under administrative control of the Comando della Squadra Aerea (CSA).

  • Gruppo Riporto e Controllo Difesa Aerea in (Air-space Control Center) Poggio Renatico
  • 21º Gruppo Radar (21st Radar Squadron) in Poggio Ballone
    • 112ª Squadriglia Radar Remota (Radar Station) in Mortara
    • 113ª Squadriglia Radar Remota (Radar Station) in Lame di Concordia
    • 114ª Squadriglia Radar Remota (Radar Station) in Potenza Picena
    • 115ª Squadriglia Radar Remota (Radar Station) in Capomele
  • 22º Gruppo Radar (22nd Radar Squadron) in Licola
    • 123a Squadriglia Radar Remota (Radar Station) in Capofrasca
    • 131ª Squadriglia Radar Remota (Radar Station) in Jacotenente
    • 132ª Squadriglia Radar Remota (Radar Station) in Crotone
    • 133ª Squadriglia Radar Remota (Radar Station) in San Giovanni Teatino
    • 134ª Squadriglia Radar Remota (Radar Station) in Lampedusa
    • 135ª Squadriglia Radar Remota (Radar Station) in Marsala
    • 135ª Squadriglia Radar Remota (Radar Station) in Otranto
    • 137ª Squadriglia Radar Remota (Radar Station) in Mezzogregorio

Air Force Structure Graphic[edit]

Aeronautica Militare Structure (Click to enlarge)

Chiefs of the Air force, rank structure[edit]

Ufficiali generaliGeneral officers
IT-Airforce-OF-10.png
generale
General
IT-Airforce-OF-9.png IT-Airforce-OF-8.png IT-Airforce-OF-7.png
generale di squadra aerea generale di divisione aerea generale di brigata aerea
Lieutenant general Major general, Divisional General Brigadier general
Ufficiali superioriSenior officers
IT-Airforce-OF-5.png IT-Airforce-OF-4.png IT-Airforce-OF-3.png
colonnello tenente colonnello maggiore
Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major
Ufficiali inferioriJunior officers
IT-Airforce-OF3.png IT-Airforce-OF2.png IT-Airforce-OF1.png
capitano tenente sottotenente
Captain First Lieutenant, Lieutenant Second Lieutenant
SottufficialiNon-commissioned officers
IT-AirForce-WO5.png
primo maresciallo luogotenente
1st Lieutenant marshall
IT-Airforce-WO4.gif IT-Airforce-WO3.gif IT-Airforce-WO2.gif IT-Airforce-WO1.gif
primo maresciallo maresciallo di prima classe maresciallo di seconda classe maresciallo di terza classe
1st marshall 1st class marshall 2nd class marshall 3rd class marshall
IT-Airforce-OR9b.png IT-Airforce-OR9.png IT-Airforce-OR8.png
sergente maggiore capo sergente maggiore sergente
Chief sergeant major Sergeant Major Staff Sergeant
TruppaEnlisted personnel
IT-Airforce-OR6.png IT-Airforce-OR5.png IT-Airforce-OR4.png IT-Airforce-OR3.png IT-Airforce-OR2.png No insignia
primo aviere capo primo aviere scelto aviere capo primo aviere aviere scelto aviere
First chief Airman First Senior airman Chief Airman Airman First Class Senior Airman Airman Basic
Name Term start Term end
Pier Ruggero Piccio 1 January 1926 6 February 1927
Armando Armani 10 February 1927 13 October 1928
Giuseppe Valle 22 February 1930 23 November 1933
Antonio Bosio 23 November 1933 22 March 1934
Giuseppe Valle 22 March 1934 10 November 1939
Francesco Pricolo 10 November 1939 15 November 1941
Rino Corso Fougier 15 November 1941 27 July 1943
Renato Sandalli 27 July 1943 18 June 1944
Pietro Piacentini 19 June 1944 13 December 1944
Mario Ajmone Cat 13 December 1944 5 February 1951
Aldo Urbani 5 February 1951 10 November 1955
Ferdinando Raffaelli 10 November 1955 1 February 1958
Silvio Napoli 1 February 1958 1 September 1961
Aldo Remondino 1 September 1961 28 February 1968
Duilio S. Fanali 28 February 1968 1 November 1971
Vincenzo Lucertini 1 November 1971 27 February 1974
Dino Ciarlo 27 February 1974 20 June 1977
Alessandro Mettimano 20 June 1977 1 April 1980
Lamberto Bartolucci 2 April 1980 12 October 1983
Basilio Cottone 19 October 1983 17 September 1986
Franco Pisano 18 September 1986 15 April 1990
Stelio Nardini 16 April 1990 24 March 1993
Adelchi Pillinini 25 March 1993 3 June 1995
Mario Arpino 4 June 1995 5 February 1999
Andrea Fornasiero 5 February 1999 5 August 2001
Sandro Ferracuti 5 August 2001 4 August 2004
Leonardo Tricarico 5 August 2004 19 September 2006
Vincenzo Camporini 19 September 2006 30 January 2008
Daniele Tei 30 January 2008 25 February 2010
Giuseppe Bernardis 25 February 2010 25 February 2013
Pasquale Preziosa 25 February 2013 Incumbent

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Italy opens F-35 assembly line, as political opposition grows. Flightglobal.com (2013-07-18). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  2. ^ Italian Air Force. The Aviationist. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  3. ^ [1].Schede Aeromobili Aeronautica Militare.
  4. ^ World Air Forces 2014 December 10, 2013
  5. ^ "World Air Forces 2013". Flightglobal.com, 11 December 2012.
  6. ^ "The Military Balance 2013"., 14 March 2013.
  7. ^ " Italy's ruling party divided over order for F-35 combat jets", 30 May 2013
  8. ^ "Defence Statistics 2014" May 15, 2014
  9. ^ (Italian)"Lockheed, l'Italia riapre la commessa sui caccia F-35". Il Sole 24 ORE (2013-06-19). REtrieved on 2013-12-24.
  10. ^ "Eurofighter World 2013/11" November 25, 2013
  11. ^ Alenia Aermacchi: First upgraded Tornado ECR delivered to Italian Air Force. Aleniaaermacchi.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  12. ^ These are the most awesome pictures of Italy’s largest military exercise. The Aviationist (2013-05-28). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  13. ^ http://uk.mobile.reuters.com/article/idUKKBN0GJ1QI20140819?irpc=932
  14. ^ "Alenia Aermacchi: 200.000 flight hours for the Italian AMX", 30 May 2013
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ a b [3]
  17. ^ a b camera.it - Programma di A/R SMD n. 14/2009 relativo all’acquisizione di due aeromobili a pilotaggio remoto (APR)
  18. ^ camera.it
  19. ^ "Aeronautica: presentati AMX e Predator del 32° Stormo di Amendola" (in Italian). grnet.it. 28 June 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  20. ^ aeronautica.difesa.it - Chiuso 5° Stormo, giunti HH-3F 15° Stormo
  21. ^ All Italian Air Force’s Eurofighter Typhoon units simultaneously deployed to Decimomannu. The Aviationist (2013-03-20). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]