Aesopus (Gr. Αίσωπος) was a Greek historian who wrote a life of Alexander the Great. The original is lost, but there is a Latin translation of it by Julius Valerius, of which Franciscus Juretus had, he says, a manuscript. It was first published, however, by A. Mai from a manuscript in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan in 1817. The title is Itinerarium ad Constantinum Atigustum, etc. : accedunt Julii Valerii Res gestae Alexandri Macedonis, etc. The time when Aesopus lived is uncertain, and even his existence has been doubted. Mai, in the preface to his edition, contended that the work was written before 389 AD, because the temple of Serapis at Alexandria, which was destroyed by order of Theodosius I, is spoken of in the translation as still standing. But serious objections to this inference have been raised by Letronne, who refers it to the 7th or 8th century, which the weight of internal evidence would rather point to. The book contains many factual errors, and is discredited by many historians.
- Franciscus Juretus, ad Symmach. Ep. x. 54
- Barth, Adversar. ii. 10
- Julius Valerius, i. 31
- Journ. des Savans, 1818, p. 617
- Allen, Alexander (1867). "Aesopus (2)". In Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology 1. p. 48; Note: The 1853 text has the error Letronno instead of the name of the famous French archaeologist and scholar Letronne.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Aesopus". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
- "ref. Letronne". Journal des Savans. (Paris: Imprimerie Royale): 617. Janvier 1818. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1867). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.