The former downtown area of Aetna
Location within the city of Gary
|Annexed by Gary||1928|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
Aetna borders directly on Miller Beach to the northeast, but is separated from the Emerson and Pulaski neighborhoods to the west by the industrial corridor along Interstate 65, and from the town of Lake Station to the south and east by the floodplain of the Little Calumet River. Some definitions of the border between the Miller and Aetna neighborhoods place Aetna's northeastern corner at the intersection of Lake Street and the CSX tracks, with the result that Miller Station on the South Shore Line, the populous Glen Ryan subdivision, and half of Miller Avenue, are within the boundaries of Aetna. Other definitions restrict Aetna to the area south of U.S. 20.
Aetna's housing stock is dominated by small single-family homes, with 89% occupancy and 66% owner-occupancy as of 2000. Aetna's housing prices are significantly below the city average. This contrasts to homes in neighboring Miller Beach, which are among the city's most expensive.
Aetna shares with Miller Beach the U.S. 20 retail corridor, one of the major retail areas in Gary. It is home to a 3.5-acre city park, Aetna Park. Aetna is also near the much larger recreational areas of Miller Beach, such as Marquette Park and the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. It is served by a single bus route of the Gary Public Transportation Corporation; the same route also serves Miller Beach.
Aetna was founded in 1881 as a company town for the Aetna Powder Company, a munitions manufacturer. The location was chosen in part for its remoteness, in rolling dune and swale country nearly a mile from the small town of Miller. The factory employed about 500 workers, most of whom lived in Aetna although some commuted from nearby towns. Originally the munitions had to be carted to the train station in Miller for shipment, but the arrival of the Wabash Railroad in 1895 gave Aetna its own train station. The plant suffered from frequent violent explosions, often fatal; a 1912 explosion caused six deaths, and another in 1914 broke windows as far away as downtown Gary. During World War I, the factory employed 1200 people. However, it closed after the war, and Aetna's population shrank to fewer than 100.
- City of Gary (2008). City of Gary, Indiana Comprehensive Plan.
- Schoon, Kenneth J. (2003). Calumet Beginnings. ISBN 978-0-253-34218-8.
- Lane, James B. (1978). City of the century: a history of Gary, Indiana.
- City of Gary 2008, p. 147.
- City of Gary 2008, p. 23.
- City of Gary 2008, p. 112.
- City of Gary 2008, p. 117.
- City of Gary 2008, p. 17.
- Schoon 2003, p. 152.
- Schoon 2003, p. 153.
- Lane 1978, p. 108.