Afet İnan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Afet İnan
Prof. Dr.
AtaturkWithAfetInan.jpg
Afet İnan with Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Born Ayşe Afet
November 29, 1908
Selanik, Salonica Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died June 8, 1985(1985-06-08) (aged 76)
Ankara, Turkey
Nationality Turkish
Education History, sociology
Alma mater University of Geneva, Switzerland
Occupation Academic
Organization University of Ankara
Known for Adopted daughter of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Spouse(s) Dr. Rıfat İnan
Children Arı (daughter), Demir (son)
Parents İsmail Hakkı Uzmay (father), Şehzane (mother)

Ayşe Afet İnan (29 November 1908 – June 8, 1985) was a Turkish historian and sociologist. She was one of the adopted daughters of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

Afet İnan was born to Ismail Hakki Bey (İsmail Hakkı Uzmay) and Şehzane Hanım from Doyran (present day Dojran),[1] in 1908 in the district of Kesendire (Polyoroz, present day Kassandra) in Salonica Vilayet.[2]

She and her family emigrated to Adapazarı because of the Balkan Wars. She started primary school in Adapazarı on March 4, 1913. And then they moved to Ankara, Mihalıççık, Karaoğlan, Biga. Her mother Şehzane died of tuberculosis on May 15, 1915. Since her father married a young girl, Ayşe Afet decided to become a teacher to earn by herself.[3] When they lived in Biga, her younger sister Nezihe was born to her father Ismail Hakki and his second wife. In 1920, she finished the six-years primary education. In 1921, they settled to Alanya. In 1922, she got a teaching qualification in Elmalı and was assigned as headteacher to Elmalı Girls' School. She graduated from the Bursa Teachers College for Girls in 1925, and started to work as a primary school teacher in Izmir. She met Mustafa Kemal Atatürk the same year in October during his visit to Izmir.

Left to right: Rukiye (Erkin), Sabiha (Gökçen), Afet (İnan), and Zehra Aylin, adopted daughters of M. K. Atatürk.

Afet was sent in 1925 by Atatürk to Lausanne, Switzerland, to learn French. After returning to Turkey in 1927, she attended the French "Notre Dame de Sion High School for Girls" in İstanbul. Finishing the school, she was appointed as a secondary school teacher for history. In 1935, Afet İnan went to Switzerland again and studied as a student of Eugène Pittard (fr.) at the University of Geneva between 1936 and 1938. After graduating, she obtained a PhD degree in sociology in 1939. In 1950, she became a professor at the University of Ankara.

She was the co-founder and a leading member of the Turkish Historical Society.

İnan died on June 8, 1985 in Ankara, leaving behind her husband Dr. Rıfat İnan, her daughter Arı and her son Demir.

The "Afet İnan Historical Studies Award" is given biennially by the Turkish History Foundation in cooperation with İnan's family.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arı İnan, Profesör Doktor Afet İnan, Remzi Kitabevi, 2005, ISBN 978-975-14-1065-8, p. 16. (Turkish)
  2. ^ Arı İnan, Profesör Doktor Afet İnan, p. 23.
  3. ^ İpek Çalışlar, Latife Hanım, ISBN Doğan Kitap, 2006, ISBN 978-975-293-478-8, p. 384. (Turkish)

Selected bibliography[edit]

  • Medeni bilgiler ve M. Kemal Atatürk'ün el yazıları, Ankara, Türk Tarih Kurumu, 1969
  • Atatürk'ten yazdıklarım, Ankara, 1969
  • Recherches Sur les Caractéres Anthropologiques des Population de la Turquie, Genève, 1939
  • Türk Amirali Piri Reis'in Hayatı ve Eserleri
  • L'émancipation de la Femme Turque
  • Biography (Turkish)