Affoltern am Albis
|Affoltern am Albis|
|• Total||10.61 km2 (4.10 sq mi)|
|Elevation||494 m (1,621 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2013)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Aeugst am Albis, Hedingen, Jonen (AG), Mettmenstetten, Obfelden, Ottenbach, Stallikon|
Affoltern am Albis is a municipality in the district of Affoltern in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland. It is the smallest city of Switzerland. In Switzerland a city is defined as having at least 10,000 inhabitants.
Affoltern is first mentioned in 1190 as Afiltre.
Affoltern has an area of 10.6 km2 (4.1 sq mi). Of this area, 45.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 28.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 25% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.5%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The municipality is located west of the Albis hills in the moraine landscape around the Reuss River. It was created in the 19th Century through the merger of Ober- and Unteraffoltern, Zwillikon and Loo-Fehrenbach.
Affoltern has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 11,342. As of 2007[update], 25.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 9.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (82.5%), with Italian being second most common ( 5.0%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 3.7%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 25.2% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 62.4% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 12.3%. In Affoltern about 71% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).
Affoltern has an unemployment rate of 2.8%. As of 2005[update], there were 85 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 33 businesses involved in this sector. 1238 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 126 businesses in this sector. 3533 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 441 businesses in this sector. The historical population is given in the following table:
|until about 1700||100-250|
- Giuseppe Reichmuth, artist
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Affoltern am Albis.|
- Official website (German)
- Affoltern am Albis in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.