Italian battleship Affondatore
|Namesake:||"Affondatore" is Italian for "Sinker"|
|Operator:||Regia Marina (Italian Royal Navy)|
|Ordered:||11 October 1862|
|Builder:||Harrison, Millwall, London, United Kingdom|
|Laid down:||11 April 1863|
|Launched:||3 November 1865|
|Completed:||Entered service in incomplete state 20 June 1866|
|Struck:||11 October 1907|
|Notes:||Served as floating ammunition depot after being stricken|
|Displacement:||4,006 long tons (4,070 t) normal
4,307 long tons (4,376 t) full load
|Length:||89.56 m between perpendiculars
93.89 m length overall
|Installed power:||2,717 ihp (2,026 kW)|
|Propulsion:||1 shaft single-expansion steam engine, 8 rectangular boilers, sails|
|Speed:||12 knots (14 mph; 22 km/h) (using engine)|
|Endurance:||1,647 nautical miles (3,050 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)|
|Complement:||309, later 356|
|Armament:||2 × 228-mm guns, 2 × 80 mm landing guns|
Side: 127 mm maximum
Deck: 50 mm
Turrets: 127 mm
She was an armoured turret-ship built by Harrison, Millwall, London for the Italian navy. Construction commenced in 1863; the ship, despite being incomplete, was brought to Italy a few days before the Third Italian War of Independence.
Eight boilers powered one steam engine, generating 2,700 HP and propelling her at 12 knots. She carried 474 tonnes of coal, giving her a range of 1,647 miles at 10 knots, adequate for the time's Mediterranean engagements.
Maximum protection was 127 mm of iron armour. The main armament consisted of two rifled Armstrong guns and two smaller 80 mm smoothbore cannon to be used in landings. Engaged at the Battle of Lissa against the Austrian in 1866, she unsuccessfully tried to ram the Austrian ships, and received damage which caused her to founder in Ancona harbour two days later.
She was eventually raised. In 1867-1873 the two masts were replaced by one, astern the funnel, and a secondary armament was added, including 6 120mm/40, 8 57 mm and 4 37 mm guns. In 1891 it also received four torpedo launchers. Affondatore served with the Italian navy in the Mediterranean until her decommissioning in October 1907. Her armament stripped, she was brought to the Taranto Harbour, where she was used as an ammunition depot before being scrapped.
- Page at Italian archive of warships (Italian)
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