Afghan Canadian

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For Pashtuns in Canada, see Pashtun diaspora.
Afghan Canadian
Total population
80,000+ as well as Pakistani Pashtuns and South Asian Muslims of Afghan and/or Pashtun ancestry[1]
Regions with significant populations
Greater Toronto Area, Montreal, Vancouver
Languages
Canadian English, French, Persian, Pashto, and other Afghan languages
Religion
Predominantly Islam

Afghan Canadians are Canadians with ancestry from Afghanistan. In the Canada 2001 Census about 25,230 Canadians were from Afghanistan.[2] The former Minister of Foreign Affairs Bill Graham has recently said there are about 80,000 people from Afghanistan in Canada.[3] Due to the political borders at earlier times, some of these Afghan immigrants may have been ethnic Pashtuns from British India (present-day Pakistan) or Afghanistan.

They are mostly concentrated in the southwestern region of Ontario and the Greater Toronto Area, with significant communities in Vancouver, Ottawa, and Montreal. . Afghan Canadians are from various ethnic groups from Afghanistan and are able to fluently speak one or both of Afghanistan's official languages, Dari Persian, Pashto and Turkmen.

In the Canadian Census, Canadians with descent from Afghanistan are classified as West Asian.[4]

Apart from the modern nationality definition, there's a significant portion of Pakistani Canadians whom are Pashtuns or ethnic Afghans, as well numerous South Asian Muslim communities claim putative Ethnic Afghan and/or Pashtun ancestry. However Pakistani Pashtuns have been classified as South Asian and not West Asian, as the phenomena can be explained by the Durand line acquisiting Pakistani Pashtuns to Greater India instead of Greater Iran, thus the category of Pakistani Canadian has become ambiguous.

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