Afghanistan Oil Pipeline

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Afghanistan Oil Pipeline
Location
Country Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan
From Türkmenabat
Passes through Afghanistan
To Pakistan's Arabian Sea Coast
Runs alongside Trans-Afghanistan Gas Pipeline
General information
Type oil
Owner Unocal Corporation
Technical information
Length 1,000 mi (1,600 km)
Maximum discharge 1 Mbbl/d (~5.0×10^7 t/a)

The Afghanistan Oil Pipeline was a project proposed by several oil companies to transport oil from Azerbaijan and Central Asia through Afghanistan to Pakistan or India.

Central Asian Oil Pipeline Project[edit]

In the 90s, the American Unocal Corporation considered in addition to the Trans-Afghanistan Gas Pipeline building also a 1,000 miles (1,600 km) long 1,000,000 barrels per day (~5.0×10^7 t/a) oil pipeline to link Türkmenabat (former Chardzou), Turkmenistan to Pakistan's Arabian Sea Coast. Through the Omsk (Russia) – Pavlodar (Kasakhstan) – ShymkentTürkmenabat pipeline, it would provide a possible alternative export route for regional oil production from the Caspian Sea. The pipeline was expected to cost US$2.5 billion. However, due to political and security instability, this project was dismissed.

Disputed theory[edit]

Some critics have proposed that the motive for invading Afghanistan in 2001 was its importance as a conduit for oil pipelines from Azerbaijan to Afghanistan's neighboring countries.[1] Others have argued that the pipeline was not a significant reason for the invasion of Afghanistan because most western governments and oil companies prefer an export route that goes through the Caspian Sea to Azerbaijan then to Georgia and on to the Black Sea instead of one that goes through Afghanistan. Bypassing Russia and Iran would break their collective monopoly on regional energy supplies.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seth Stevenson (2001-12-06). "Pipe Dreams". Slate. Archived from the original on 4 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
  2. ^ Malcolm Haslett (2001-10-29). "Afghanistan: the pipeline war?". BBC. Archived from the original on 19 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-09.