Afghanistan first competed at the Paralympic Games during the 1996 Summer Paralympics in Atlanta, where it was represented by cyclists Gul Afzal and Zabet Khan.
Afghanistan did not participate in the Sydney Paralympics in 2000, having been banned from the Games due to its treatment of women under Taliban rule.
Two athletes represented Afghanistan in Athens in 2004: female sprinter Mareena Karim and male cyclist Qaher Hazrat. Neither won a medal.
Afghanistan competed at the 2008 Summer Paralympics in Beijing, where it was represented solely by powerlifter Mohammad Fahim Rahimi.
Afghanistan has never won a Paralympic medal, and has never participated in the Winter Paralympic Games.