Afghanistanism

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To be distinguished from Afghanization.
Afghanistan, on the other side of the world from North America

Afghanistanism is a term, first recorded in the United States,[1] for the practice of concentrating on problems in distant parts of the world while ignoring controversial local issues.[2][3] In other contexts, the term has referred to "hopelessly arcane and irrelevant scholarship,"[4] "fascination with exotic, faraway lands,"[5] or "Railing and shaking your fist at an unseen foe who is quite unaware of your existence, much less your fury."[6]

Origin[edit]

The Oxford English Dictionary lists Afghanistanism as a US colloquialism; the first written citation it provides is from 1948:

J. Lloyd Jones in Probl. Journalism (Amer. Soc. Newspaper Editors Convention) 73, I don't wish to belabor this subject of Afghanistanism, this business of taking forthright stands on elections in Costa Rica, while the uncollected local garbage reeks beneath the editor's window.[7]

Conversely, columnist Joe Klein wrote in Time magazine in 2010 that the term originated in the 19th century when "the British press defined Afghanistanism as the obsession with obscure foreign wars at the expense of domestic priorities," adding that "Afghanistanism seems likely to become a national debate [in the United States] before long: Is building roads and police stations in Afghanistan more important than doing so at home?"[8]

Applications[edit]

The concept earlier came to have several applications.[9] On one hand it was applied in North American journalism to newspaper articles about faraway places that were irrelevant to local readers. Other writers said, though, that Afghanistanism was the tendency of some editors to avoid hard local news by writing opinion pieces about events happening in distant lands.[10] As New York Times writer James Reston put it about journalists, "Like officials in Washington, we suffer from Afghanistanism. If it's far away, it's news, but if it's close to home, it's sociology."[11]

Earlier, educator Robert M. Hutchins used the expression in a speech at the California Institute of Technology in 1955:

Afghanistanism, as you know, is the practice of referring always to some remote country, place, person or problem when there is something that ought to be taken care of near at home that is very acute. So you say to a professor at Caltech, "What about smog?" and he says, "Have you heard about the crisis in Afghanistan?"[12]

In 1973, the concept was adapted to reporting on environmentalism, which was said by journalism researchers Steven E. Hungerford and James B. Lemert to deal with environmental problems of distant communities rather than local ones.[13] This observation was echoed in 2004 by B.A. Taleb, who called it "displacing the [environmental] problems and issues to other places and ignoring their existence in one's own community or country."[14]

Resurfacing[edit]

After the attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City on September 11, 2001, the concept resurfaced, with some writers noting that it was no longer applicable to contemporary events.[15][16] For example, Stuart H. Loory, chair in Free-Press Studies at the University of Missouri School of Journalism, wrote on December 1, 2001:

A primary mission of the news business is to work as a distant early warning signal of impending problems for the public and those who can deal with those problems. It must work in a convincing way, and that means news organizations must train and educate journalists to work in various parts of the world knowledgably. They cannot fit the image now in vogue — that of parachutists jumping into an area to cover disaster on short notice. That perpetuates “Afghanistanism,” a concept that has long since outlived its usefulness, if it ever had any at all.[17]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, Third Edition, Afghanistanism, n. 'colloq. (orig. U.S.)'
  2. ^ "afghanistanism." Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged. Merriam-Webster, 2002. Access to this link requires registration.
  3. ^ The term is similarly defined in the Double-Tongued Dictionary website
  4. ^ John G. Cross and Edie N. Goldenberg (2009). Off-Track Profs: Nontenured Teachers in Higher Education. MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-01291-1.  page 99
  5. ^ Estate of Rhea Talley Stewart, Fire in Afghanistan 1914–1929: The First Opening to the West Undone by Tribal Ferocity Years Before the Taliban iUniverse, 2000 page viii ISBN 978-0-595-09319-9
  6. ^ John Livingston, The John A. Livingston Reader: The Fallacy of Wildlife Conservation and One Cosmic Instant: A Natural History of Human Arrogance, page 3. McClelland & Stewart, 2007 ISBN 978-0-7710-5326-9
  7. ^ OED, 3rd Ed., Afghanistanism, n.
  8. ^ December 27, 2010–January 3, 2011, pages 96 and 99
  9. ^ Barbara L. Fredricksen, " 'Afghanistanism' not an academic joke anymore," St. Petersburg Times, December 5, 2009
  10. ^ Bob Greene, "A few words about a word now useless," Jewish World Review, December 6, 2001
  11. ^ James Reston, quoted in And I Quote (Revised Edition): The Definitive Collection of Quotes, Sayings, and Jokes for the Contemporary Speechmaker, Thomas Dunne Books ISBN 978-0-312-30744-8
  12. ^ "The Sources of National Strength," Engineering and Science, May 1955, page 20
  13. ^ Hungerford, Steven E., and Lemert, James B., "Covering the Environment: A New 'Afghanistanism'?" Journalism Quarterly, February 1973
  14. ^ B.A. Taleb, The Bewildered Herd: Media Coverage of International Conflicts & Public Opinion, iUniverse, 2004, page 386 ISBN 978-0-595-32686-0.
  15. ^ Robert Finn, "Ghost Wars," bookreporter.com, undated. A review of the book of that name by Steve Coll
  16. ^ Michael Kinsley, Please Don't Remain Calm:Provocations and Commentaries, W.W. Norton, 2008, page 119 ISBN 0-393-06654-1
  17. ^ Stuart H. Loory, "Afghanistanism Comes Home," Global Journalist, December 1, 2001

Further reading[edit]