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|6th President of Brazil|
15 November 1906 – 14 June 1909
|Vice President||Nilo Peçanha|
|Preceded by||Rodrigues Alves|
|Succeeded by||Nilo Peçanha|
30 November 1847|
Santa Bárbara, Minas Gerais, Empire of Brazil
|Died||14 June 1909
Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Political party||Mineiro Republican Party (PRM)|
Afonso Augusto Moreira Pena (Portuguese: [aˈfõsu awˈɡustu moˈrejrɐ ˈpenɐ]; 30 November 1847 – 14 June 1909) was a Brazilian politician. He served as President of Brazil between 1906 and 1909. Before his political career, Pena was a lawyer, jurist and member of the Brazilian Supreme Court.
He began his political career in 1874 with an election to the Imperial General Assembly. In the succeeding years, Pena reconciled legislative work with some periods occupying secretariats — secretary of Agriculture (1882), Commerce and Public Issues (1883) and Justice (1885). Pena then presided over the provincial assembly of Minas Gerais.
After the proclamation of the Republic, he was governor of Minas Gerais between 1892 and 1894. It was during his administration that Belo Horizonte was set for the future state capital (which at that time was Ouro Preto). He ran in the presidential election of 1894, but lost by a large margin to Prudente de Morais.
Afonso Pena was the first Brazilian president to advocate intervening in the coffee economy. The federal government started to buy production surplus, thus maintaining the high price of coffee in international markets. Pena also promoted the expansion of railroads.
- Afonso Pena - BrasilEscola (Portuguese)
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Eduardo Ernesto da Gama Cerqueira
|President of Minas Gerais
Chrispim Jaques Bias Fortes
Francisco de Assis Rosa e Silva
|Vice-President of Brazil
Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves
|President of Brazil