United Nations–African Union Mission in Darfur
|This article is outdated. (November 2010)|
|Formation||31 July 2007|
|Mohammed Ibn Chambas|
|UN Security Council / African Union|
The United Nations–African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) is a joint African Union and United Nations peacekeeping mission formally approved by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1769 on July 31, 2007, to bring stability to the war-torn Darfur region of Sudan while peace talks on a final settlement continue.
Its initial 12-month mandate has been extended to July 31, 2010. Its budget is approximately $106 million per month. Its force of about 26,000 personnel began to deploy to the region in October 2007. The 9,000-strong African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS), which was previously responsible for peacekeeping, had completely merged into this new force by December 31, 2007.
The mandate is for a force of up to 19,555 military personnel and 3,772 police, along with a further "19 formed police units comprising up to 140 personnel each." The peacekeepers will be allowed to use force to protect civilians and humanitarian operations. UNAMID will be the first joint UN/AU force and the largest peacekeeping mission. As of December 2008, it has deployed 15,136 total uniformed personnel, including 12,194 troops, 175 military observers, 2,767 police officers, supported by 786 international civilian personnel, 1,405 local civilian staff and 266 United Nations Volunteers.
Criticism and Controversy
UNAMID has come under heavy criticism, including criticism from within the UN, with accusations being leveled that it's troops have in fact raped and attacked the people that it is their mission to protect.
On August 12, 2007, Alpha Oumar Konare, the chairman of the African Union announced UNAMID was likely to be an all-African peacekeeping force. As of 30 June 2013, the total number of personnel in the mission is 19,735:
- Paul Ignace Mella, 2013–present
- Past commanders
- Wynjones Kisamba, Deputy Force Commander
|UNAMID deaths by nationality
- A Ugandan peacekeeper had been found shot dead in his car in the El Fasher region on May 29, 2008.
- On 8 July 2008, seven UN peacekeepers were killed, and 22 injured in an attack by a militia. The attack was reported and condemned by the United Nations Security Council.
- A Nigerian peacekeeper was killed on July 16, 2008.
- A Nigerian peacekeeper was killed on October 7, 2008.
- A South African peacekeeper was killed on October 29, 2008.
- Two UNAMID peacekeepers were killed between November 2008 and February 2009.
- A Nigerian peacekeeper was killed in a firefight on March 17, 2009.
- A UNAMID peacekeeper was shot dead in front of his home in Nyala on May 8, 2009.
- A UNAMID peacekeeper was killed between June and August 2009.
- A Nigerian peacekeeper was killed in an ambush in Sudan's western Darfur region on September 29, 2009.
- Three Rwandan peacekeepers were killed and three wounded in an ambush by gunmen while escorting a water tanker on December 4, 2009.
- On 6 December 2009, two more Rwandan peacekeepers were killed and one was wounded when gunmen opened fire from a crowd as Rwandan troops were distributing water.
- Two Egyptian peackeepers were killed and three wounded in an ambush near Edd al-Fursan in southern Darfur on May 7, 2010.
- One UNAMID peacekeeper was killed, and three others were critically wounded, in an attack that took place on January 21, 2012 while they were patrolling in Darfur.
- One UNAMID peacekeeper was killed and two injured on 19 April 2013 in an attack on their base at Muhajeria in East Darfur.
- Seven Tanzanian peacekeepers were killed on 13 July 2013.
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1769. S/RES/1769(2007) 31 July 2007. Retrieved 2008-04-10.
- "African Union - United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur".
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1881. S/RES/1881(2009) 31 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
- United Nations Security Council Document 443. Report of the Secretary-General on the deployment of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur S/2008/443 page 8. 7 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- UN Press Release
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1769. S/RES/1769(2007) page 3. 31 July 2007. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- UNAMID Mission Site
- 6 group="6 December 2014">"Mission in trouble Leaks and whistle-blowing expose the UN mission in Darfur". The Economist. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- Mathis-Lilley, Ben (9 April 2004). "Whistleblower Accuses U.N. Of Lying, Covering Up Ongoing War In Darfur". Slate. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- Lynch, Colum (7 April 2014). ""They Just Stood Watching"". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Africa | Darfur force 'to be all-African'". BBC News. 2007-08-13. Archived from the original on 6 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
- "UN ‘hitting the target’ towards deployment of hybrid peace force in Darfur". Un.org. 2007-08-07. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
- "UN Mission's Contributions by Country" (PDF). Page 9, UN. 30 June 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "UNAMID Facts and Figures". UN. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- John Pike. "VOA News - Bangladesh Troops to Join UN Force in Sudan". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
- "Bangladesh to send troops for UN peacekeeping mission in Sudan". SudanTribune article. 2004-12-20. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
- People's Daily Online - Chinese peace-keeping force formed for Sudan mission
- "Africa: Continent to Give Troops to Hybrid Darfur Force (Page 1 of 1)". allAfrica.com. 2007-08-03. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
- BBc News: Senegal to triple Darfur troops
- "Tanzania seeks review of peacekeeping rules". africareview.com. 15 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Government of Canada. "National Defence and the Canadian Forces - Operation SATURN". Retrieved 2013-03-22.
- McDonald, Henry (2007-08-05). "Irish troops to keep peace in Darfur for UN". Guardian Unlimited (London: Guardian News and Media Limited). Archived from the original on 19 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-20.
- "Norway condemns attack on UN and AU in Sudan". tnp.no. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- The Earthtimes (2008-05-29). "UN peacekeeper killed in Darfur : Africa World". Earthtimes.org. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
- Mvunganyi, Jackson. "UN Peacekeepers Killed In Darfur attack". VOA News. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
- United Nations Security Council Verbatim Report 5935. S/PV/5935 16 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
- "Africa - UN peacekeeper killed in Darfur". Al Jazeera English. 2008-07-17. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
- "Africa | Darfur ambush kills peacekeeper". BBC News. 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
- Alaa, Shahine (2008-10-30). "Gunmen kill South African peacekeeper in Sudan's Darfur". Khartoum. Reuters. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
Unknown gunmen have killed a South African peacekeeper and wounded another in Sudan's western Darfur region, the United Nations/African Union force (UNAMID) said Thursday.
- "Darfur peacekeeper killed during carjacking - CNN.com". CNN. 2009-05-08. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
- BBC News: Two Rwandan peacekeepers killed in Darfur
- "Rwandan soldiers killed in Darfur". BBC News. 2009-12-05. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
- "Two peacekeepers killed in Darfur". BBC News. 2010-05-07.
- "UNAMID peacekeeper killed in East Darfur". Sudan Tribune. 19 April 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "Statement attributable to the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General on the deadly attack on UNAMID peacekeepers in South Darfur". UN. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
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