African immigration to Norway

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African immigration to Norway
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Total population
97,152[1]
1.90% of the Norwegian population
Regions with significant populations
Oslo komm.svg Oslo 33,798
Languages
Norwegian, Afro-Asiatic languages, Niger–Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages
Religion
Christianity, Islam

African immigration to Norway refers to immigrants to Norway from Africa. An estimated 88 764 people in Norway are either first or second generation immigrants from Africa.[1]

Distribution[edit]

North and Northeast Africans[edit]

Immigration from countries in Africa to Norway increased slightly from the end of the 1980s, but grew markedly from 2000 onwards. The increase is owed mainly to a rise in the number of immigrants from North and Northeast Africa, including Somalia (25,496), Morocco (8,058), Eritrea (5,789) and Ethiopia (5,156).[2]

Other Africans[edit]

Compared to North and Northeast Africans, the percentage of Africans from other regions as a proportion of recent immigrants to Norway from Africa is relatively low.

Most other Africans in Norway come from West Africa, especially Ghana (2,034), Gambia (1,409) and Nigeria (1,247).[2] There is also a sizeable population of Africans from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2,050).

Demographics[edit]

Country of origin[edit]

Most African Norwegians have a background from the following countries:

Country Population (1970)[3] Population (1980) Population (1990) Population (2000)[4] Population (2010)[2] Population (2014) [1] Increase (2010–2014)
Total 1,179 3,188 10,069 26,521 67,168 97,152 44.64%
 Somalia 3 26 1,303 8,386 25,496 35,912 40.85%
 Eritrea 0 3 18 733 5,789 14,397 148.70%
 Morocco 401 1,130 2,380 5,409 8,058 9,111 13.07%
 Ethiopia 8 214 1,398 2,525 5,156 7,807 51.42%
 Sudan 6 25 57 371 1,318 3,092 134.60%
 DR Congo 12 12 83 236 2,050 2,590 26.34%
 Ghana 8 29 730 1,341 2,034 2,424 19.17%
 Nigeria 11 108 284 504 1,247 1,964 57.50%
 Algeria 64 130 435 880 1,497 1,637 9.35%
 Kenya 16 114 303 642 1,275 1,636 28.31%
 Gambia 19 143 568 984 1,409 1,606 13.98%
 Burundi 0 0 3 62 1,119 1,350 20.64%
 Tunisia 39 100 358 607 1,106 1,279 15.64%
 Liberia 3 8 23 26 1,075 1,220 13.49%
 Uganda 11 176 246 473 903 1,167 29.24%
 Egypt 83 170 281 399 806 1,118 38.71%


Regional distribution[edit]

Norwegians with African background live in the following regions:

County African Norwegian[5] Percent of county population
Oslo komm.svg Oslo 33,798 5.33%
Akershus våpen.svg Akershus 8,162 1.42%
Hordaland vapen.svg Hordaland 7,502 1.48%
Rogaland våpen.svg Rogaland 6,798 1.48%
Østfold våpen.svg Østfold 4,635 1.63%
Buskerud våpen.svg Buskerud 4,261 1.57%
Sør-Trøndelag våpen.svg Sør-Trøndelag 3,781 1.23%
Nordland våpen.svg Nordland 3,756 1.56%
Telemark våpen.svg Telemark 3,275 1.91%
Vestfold våpen.svg Vestfold 2,614 1.09%
Troms våpen.svg Troms 2,748 1.70%
Hedmark våpen.svg Hedmark 2,596 1.34%
Oppland våpen.svg Oppland 2,580 1.37%
Vest-Agder våpen.svg Vest-Agder 2,571 1.44%
Møre og Romsdal våpen.svg Møre og Romsdal 2,571 0.98%
Nord-Trøndelag våpen.svg Nord-Trøndelag 1,855 1.37%
Sogn og Fjordane våpen.svg Sogn og Fjordane 1,416 1.30%
Aust-Agder vapen.svg Aust-Agder 1,220 1.07%
Finnmark våpen.svg Finnmark 1,013 1.35%

References[edit]