- Africanization can also refer to Africanized "killer" bees.
Africanization or Africanisation (lit., making something African) has been applied in various contexts, notably in geographic and personal naming and in the composition of the civil service e.g. via processes such as indigenization.
Africanization of names
Africanization has referred to the modification of place names and personal names to reflect an "African" identity. In some cases, changes are not a change of transliteration rather than of the European name.
It is worth noting that in many cases during the colonial period, African place names were Anglicized or Francized.
Various African countries have undergone name changes during the previous century as the result of consolidations and secessions, territories gaining sovereignty, and regime changes.
|Overseas Province of Angola
||Angola, Republic of
|Dahomey, Republic of
||Benin, Republic of
||Botswana, Republic of
||Central African Republic
|Zaire, Republic of
||Congo, Democratic Republic of the
||Congo, Republic of the
|Afars and the Issas, Territory of
||Djibouti, Republic of
||Equatorial Guinea, Republic of
||Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of
||Ghana, Republic of
|French West Africa (part of)
||Guinea, Republic of
||Guinea-Bissau, Republic of
|Basutoland, Territory of
||Lesotho, Kingdom of
||Malawi, Republic of
||Mali, Republic of
|Overseas Province of Mozambique
||Mozambique, Republic of
|South West Africa
||Namibia, Republic of
|German East Africa / Ruanda-Urundi
||Rwanda, Republic of / Burundi, Republic of
|British Somaliland / Italian Somaliland
|Zanzibar / Tanganyika
||Tanzania, United Republic of
||Uganda, Republic of
||Zambia, Republic of
|Southern Rhodesia (autoproclaimed in 1965 as Rhodesia and as Republic of Rhodesia in 1970)
||Zimbabwe, Republic of
Other name changes take place when an African person converts to another religion. Examples:
Africanization of civil services
In some countries immediately following their independence, "Africanization" was the name given to racial policies, affirmative action intended to increase the number of Africans in civil service (which had historically been dominated by European Colonials).