Kansas City Public Schools
|Kansas City Public Schools|
|Type and location|
|Type||Public School District|
|Motto||Where Achievement Is The Standard|
|Grades||PreK - 12|
|Location||Kansas City, Missouri|
|Superintendent||R. Stephen Green, Ed.D|
|Accreditation||Regained to Provisional August 6, 2014|
|Students and staff|
Kansas City Public Schools or KCPS (formerly Kansas City, Missouri School District, or KCMSD) is a provisionally accredited school district headquartered at 1211 McGee Street in Downtown Kansas City, Missouri. This entire school district regained provisional accreditation on August 6, 2014.
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Superintendent
- 4 Schools
- 5 Former schools
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The school district serves some of the residents within Kansas City, Missouri.
It is bordered on the west by the Kansas/Missouri border line and on the east by the Independence and Raytown school districts. It is bordered on the north by the Missouri River. It is bordered on the south by the Hickman Mills school district and, at approximately 85th Street, by the Center school district. The school district covers none of the city north of the Missouri River, sitting inside the historic boundaries of the city before later annexations. In fact, there are portions of Kansas City, Missouri, where children attend 14 other "suburban" districts. In other words, the Kansas City District comprises the oldest parts of the city and is not contiguous with the boundaries of the city of Kansas City, Missouri.
The district began in 1867.
April 1885: Portions of District #1 and the Oakley district.
April 1886: Portions of the Ashland and Westport districts.
April 1887: Another portion of the Oakley district.
February 16, 1899: Entire Westport District.
1900 to 1950
April 16, 1903: Ivanhoe District.
September 6, 1906: A portion of the Swope district.
October 18, 1906; September 3, 1908; February 4, 1909; September 16, 1910: Four separate portions of the Seven Oaks district. Seven Oaks continued to exist.
April 4, 1910: A portion of the Mount Washington district.
May 18, 1910: Remaining portion of the Swope District.
August 28, 1911: Entire District No. 101.
September 7, 1911: Entire Border Star District.
September 21, 1911: Another portion of the Seven Oaks district.
November 2, 1911: Entire Briston district.
November 16, 1911: Entire Mount Washington district.
March 21, 1912: Part of the Boone district.
August 27, 1912: Shiloh district.
February 13, 1913: Remaining portion of the Seven Oaks district.
September 2, 1913: A portion of the Center district.
December 11, 1916: All of the Leeds district.
August 7, 1947: The Ruhl–Hartman District.
1950 to 2000
January 17, 1952: A portion of the Center district.
May 11, 1955: Sugar Creek District.
February 7, 1957: Rock Creek district.
March 27, 1958: Pitcher–Fairview district.
January 1, 1973: Pleasant Valley district.
From 1985 to 1999, a United States district court judge required the state of Missouri to fund the creation of magnet schools in the KCPS in order to reverse the white flight that had afflicted the school district since the 1960s. The district's annual budget more than tripled in the process. The expenditure-per-pupil and the student-teacher ratio were the best of any major school district in the nation. Many high schools were given college-level facilities. Despite all the largesse, test scores in the magnet schools did not rise; the black-white gap did not diminish; and there was less, not greater, integration. Finally, on September 20, 2011, The Missouri Board of Education voted unanimously to withdraw the district's accreditation status effective January 1, 2012. In August 2014, the Board of Education granted provisional accreditation status to KCPS in recognition of the academic gains made by KCPS students. In the 2014–2015 school year, KCPS has 13 schools which met the state standard for full accreditation, and another eight which met the standard for provisional accreditation.
School closings since the 1980s
In the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s KCMSD closed at least 30 buildings. The district sold some buildings, demolished some buildings, and abandoned other buildings. In 2010 John Covington, the superintendent of the district at the time, submitted a plan calling for the closure of 29 of the district's remaining 61 schools. During that year almost half of the KCMO schools closed. By that year many students, instead of attending district schools, attend charter schools, private schools, parochial schools, and schools in suburban school districts. As of 2010 the school district had less than 18,000, half of its enrollment in 2000 and 25% of its peak population in the 1960s.
Transfer of schools to Independence in 2007-2008
In November 2007, the voters of Independence Public School District and Kansas City, Missouri School District, voted for seven schools which consists of one high school, one middle school, and five elementary schools to be taken over by the Independence School District. Victor Callahan, a state senator, supported the annexation and said that he hoped that KCMSD would disappear via annexations within a 10-year span. The teachers' union of Kansas City opposed the move. Gwendolyn Grant, the head of the Urban League of Greater Kansas City, supported the move; she said it would make the KCMSD school board more racially homogeneous and therefore reduce tensions within the school board. In November 2007 84% of voting residents within Independence and 66% of voting residents within Kansas City approved the transfer. Jim Hinson, the superintendent of the Independence district, believed that the KCMO district fought the annexation was because it was a "pride issue" and because the KCMO district feared that other parts of the district could secede.
In April 2008 the Kansas City Missouri School District Buildings Corp. sued to receive a declaratory judgment on the value of the Independence buildings. In July 2008 Missouri Commissioner of Education D. Kent King asked for KCMSD to give up the schools. During that month a judge ruled that Independence has a right to control the seven transferred schools and the closed Anderson Campus. In August 2008 the Independence School District wired more than $12.8 million United States dollars to the Kansas City, Missouri district. The building transfer was completed.
School openings in 2014
In 2014, KCPS re-opened Hale Cook Elementary School at 7302 Pennsylvania Ave. in Brookside neighborhood of Kansas City, MO. This was in large part due to the grassroots effort by the Friends of Hale Cook community organization. The school had been mothballed since 2009. Hale Cooked launched the school year with 108 students in pre-K through 2nd grade and will expand one grade every year until 6th grade. That same summer, KCPS also re-opened Central Middle School at 3611 E. Linwood Blvd. and Northeast Middle School at 4904 Independence Ave. as neighborhood schools serving 7th graders. The schools will expand to include 8th graders in 2015. In addition, KCPS expanded its pre-K program by opening a second Early Learning Center, Richardson, at 3515 Park Ave.
Missouri v. Jenkins
Missouri v. Jenkins is a case decided by the United States Supreme Court. On June 12, 1995 the Court, in a 5-4 decision, overturned a District Court ruling that required the state of Missouri to correct de facto racial inequality in schools by funding salary increases and remedial education programs.
Broadcast station owner
KCPT or Kansas City Public Television was signed on for the first time as KCSD or Kansas City School District which owned the station until 1971. The school district put the license on the market in 1971. A group of civic leaders formed "Public Television 19" and bought the license. The station relaunched in January 1972 as KCPT. That fall, it began broadcasting PBS shows in color for the first time.
Dr. R. Stephen Green is the current superintendent. He was officially named to the position on April 2, 2012, after being interim superintendent since August 2011.
Dr. John Covington was superintendent from 2009 until his resignation in August 2011.
Anthony Amato was superintendent from July 2006 to January 2008.
Benjamin E. Demps Jr. was superintendent from August 2, 1999 until sometime before June 2003.
All schools are in the City of Kansas City, Missouri.
- Central Academy of Excellence - 3221 Indiana Avenue
- East High School - 1924 Van Brunt Boulevard
- Northeast High School - 415 Van Brunt Boulevard
- Southwest Early College Campus - 6512 Wornall Road
- Lincoln College Preparatory Academy - 2111 Woodland Avenue
- Paseo Academy - 4747 Flora Avenue
- African-Centered College Preparatory Academy - 6512 Wornall Road
Career & technical centers
- Manual Career Tech - 1215 East Truman Road
- Central Middle School — 3611 E. Linwood Blvd.
- Northeast Middle School — 4904 Independence Ave.
- Crispus Attucks Elementary School - 2400 Prospect Avenue
- Banneker - 7050 Askew Avenue
- Garcia - 1000 West 17th Street
- Garfield - 436 Prospect Boulevard
- Gladstone - 335 North Elmwood Avenue
- Hartman - 8111 Oak Street
- Hale Cook — 7302 Pennsylvania Ave.
- James - 5810 Scarritt Avenue
- Martin Luther King Elementary School - 4201-A Indiana Avenue
- Longfellow - 2830 Holmes Street
- Melcher - 3958 Chelsea Avenue
- Paige - 3301 East 75th Street
- Wendell Phillips K-8 - 1619 East 24th Terrance
- Pitcher - 9915 East 38th Terrace
- J. A. Rogers - 6400 E. 23rd. Street
- Trailwoods - 6201 E. 17th. Street
- Troost - 1215 East 59th Street
- Wheatley - 2415 Agnes Avenue
- Whittier - 1012 Bales Avenue
- Carver Dual Language - 4600 Elmwood Avenue
- Border Star Montessori - 6321 Wornall Road
- Faxon Montessori - 1320 East 32nd Terrace
- Faxon opened in 1906 at 3710 Paseo.
- Foreign Language Academy - 3450 Warwick Boulevard
- Holliday Montessori - 7227 Jackson Avenue
- Woodland Early Learning Center — 711 Woodland Ave.
- Richardson Early Learning Center — 3515 Park Ave.
Closed to K-8 transition
- Graceland - 4101 East 53rd Street
- Southeast High School - Originally at 3500 East Meyer Boulevard until 2007, then at 1215 East Truman Road.
- Southwest High School (Kansas City) - Closed in 1998
- West High School (Kansas City) - Closed in the 1980s
- Westport High School - 315 East 39th Street - Closed in 2010
Elementary and middle schools
- Horace Mann Elementary School
- Switzer School
- West Junior High School
- Switzer Annex (Kansas City) - closed in 1979.
- Central Academy - 3611 East Linwood Boulevard
- Lincoln College Preparatory Academy - 2012 East 23rd Street (now combined with the high school)
- Bingham Junior High School (Kansas City) - Closed in 2002.
- Kansas City Middle School of the Arts - 4848 Woodland Avenue
- Paul Robeson Middle School (Kansas City) - Became a classical Greek magnet school in 1990 and a regular middle school in 1998. The school closed in 2004.
- Askew - 2630 Topping Ave
- Bancroft Elementary School (Kansas City) - Opened as a one-room school house in 1904 and closed in 2000.
- Blenheim - 2411 East 70th Terrace
- Cook - 7302 Pennsylvania Avenue
- R.J. DeLano - 3708 East Linwood Boulevard (served students with special needs)
- Douglas - 2640 Bellview Avenue
- East Elementary School - 6400 East 23rd Street
- Benjamin Franklin - 1325 Washington St. (Opened 1900, closed 1973)
- C. A. Franklin - 3400 Highland Avenue
- Greenwood School (Kansas City) - Opened in 1900, closed in 1997.
- Knotts - 7301 Jackson Avenue
- Ladd - 3640 Benton Boulevard
- Longan - 3421 Cherry Street
- Norman School (Kansas City), Norman, which opened in 1901, was Kansas City's first stone exterior building. Located in the Valentine neighborhood, the building served as a teacher resource center after being a school. The building closed in 2005.
- Manchester School (Kansas City) - Manchester joined Kansas City district in 1899. The final building, which opened in 1920, was delayed due to World War I.
- Moore - 4510 East Linwood Boulevard
- Northeast Elementary School - 4904 Independence Avenue
- Pinkerton - 6409 Agnes Avenue
- Scarritt - 3509 Anderson Avenue
- Seven Oaks Elementary School (Kansas City) - Seven Oaks was in its own school district before Kansas City annexed it in 1913. It was named after Sevenoaks in England. Seven Oaks closed in 2003.
- Thacher Elementary School (Kansas City) - Originally built in 1900, the facility was closed in the 1990s after being an annex to Northeast Middle School. For one year it served as an eighth grade center before closing in the northern hemisphere summer of 2009. The former school was damaged by a fire in 2011
- Nelson School - the building is now part of UMKC, and is called "Grant Hall"
- Weeks - 4201 Indiana Avenue
- West Rock Creek - 8820 East 27th Street
- Frances Willard School (Kansas City) - Willard closed in 1998.* Seven Oaks Elementary School (Kansas City) - Seven Oaks was in its own school district before Kansas City annexed it in 1913. It was named after Sevenoaks in England. Seven Oaks closed in 2003.
- Woodland - 711 Woodland Avenue
Transferred to Independence School District
- Van Horn High School - (Independence)
- Nowlin Middle School - (Independence)
- Fairmount Elementary - (Independence)
- Mt. Washington Elementary - (Independence)
- North Rock Creek/Korte Elementary - (Independence)
- Sugar Creek Elementary - (Sugar Creek)
- Three Trails Elementary - (Independence)
Closed and later transferred
Primary schools and alternative schools
- C. R. Anderson School (Independence) - It was originally called the Pitcher School. KCMSD annexed the school in 1957. The school became an alternative school for troubled students in the 1980s. The school closed in 2000. In 2008 Anderson was transferred to the Independence School District.
- "District Annexations." Kansas City, Missouri School District. Retrieved on December 31, 2008.
- Ciotti, Paul (16 March 1998). "Money And School Performance: Lessons from the Kansas City Desegregation Experiment". Cato Institute. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- Oberholtz, Chris. "Missouri strips Kansas City School District of accreditation". KCTV5. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- "Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education School Report Card". DESE. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- Barton, Eric. "Buy This School." The Pitch. August 12, 2008. 1.
- Hollingsworth, Heather. "Kansas City Wants to Close Half Its Public Schools." Associated Press at ABC News. Monday March 7, 2010. 1. Retrieved on March 8, 2010.
- "Schools to close in Kansas City, Mo., by fall ." MSNBC. March 11, 2010. Retrieved on January 20, 2011.
- Voters Approve School Switch - Politics News Story - KMBC Kansas City
- Noble, Jason. "Callahan calls for incremental undoing of KC School District." Kansas City Star. December 17, 2008. Retrieved on December 31, 2008.
- "KC Teachers Union To Fight Annexation Plan." KMBC-TV. October 15, 2007. Retrieved on January 4, 2009.
- Grant, Gwendolyn. "Free At Last!" Urban League of Greater Kansas City. Friday July 27, 2007. Retrieved on January 4, 2009.
- "Q&A with Superintendent Jim Hinson, Independence School District." American School Board Journal. Retrieved on January 20, 2011.
- "Nonprofit sues over KC School District buildings." Kansas City Business Journal. Monday April 28, 2008. Retrieved on January 4, 2009.
- "King Urges Kansas City to Release Disputed Schools." Missouri Department of Elementary & Secondary Education. Volume 42, No. 49. July 1, 2008. Retrieved on January 6, 2009.
- Cleaver, Melissa. "Independence Wins Control of 7 Schools." KHSB-TV. July 7, 2008. Retrieved on January 4, 2009.
- Evenson, Kelly. "School transfer is official." The Examiner. August 7, 2008. Retrieved on January 4, 2009.
- Friends of Hale Cook (http://halecook.org/)
- Hollenbeck, Sarah. "Hale Cook Elementary School reopens, other schools open for first time". KSHB. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "KCPS to increase number of pre-K slots by expanding programs and opening a second early learning community school in the fall of 2014".
- "Dr. R. Stephen Green named Superintendent of Schools". Kansas City Public Schools. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- "John Covington, Kansas City Superintendent, Resigns Suddenly Amid School Board Drama". Huffington Post. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "Former superintendent running same plays with more support". The Pitch. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "Children Left Behind". The Pitch. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "In Amato We Trust?". The Pitch. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "The Savior?". The Pitch. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- Barton, Eric. "Buy This School." The Pitch. August 12, 2008. 2.
- Robertson, Joe. "Southwest High staying closed." Kansas City Star. August 10, 2005. Retrieved on January 3, 2008.
- Miller, Joe. "La Familia." The Pitch. January 23, 2003. 2.
- "NEW school boundaries for 2010-2011 School Year." Kansas City, Missouri School District. Retrieved on January 20, 2011. "Southwest Early College Campus – (Assumes Westport High boundaries)"
- Hart, James and Tony Rizzo. "Flames heavily damage KC school in Northeast area." Kansas City Star. Wednesday January 19, 2011. Retrieved on January 20, 2011.
- University of Missouri - Kansas City. Virtual Tour of Grant Hall