Afrin, Syria

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Afrin
عفرين
Afrin, in 2009
Afrin, in 2009
Afrin is located in Syria
Afrin
Afrin
Coordinates: 36°30′45″N 36°51′16″E / 36.512396°N 36.854532°E / 36.512396; 36.854532
Country  Syria
Governorate Aleppo Governorate
District Afrin District
Nahiyah Afrin
Elevation 270 m (890 ft)
Population (2004 census)[1]
 • Total 36,562
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Afrin (Arabic: عفرين‎ / ALA-LC: ‘Afrīn, Kurdish: Efrîn) is both a district and city of the Aleppo Governorate, Syria. The district of Afrin includes the eponymous city of 36,562 inhabitants and 366 surrounding villages, including Katma, Kastall, Kibar and Rajo.[1] The district has 490,000 inhabitants and is situated next to Kurd Mountain. The district has an area of 2.033 square kilometers and consists of seven municipalities: Afrin (center), Jindires, Sharran, Mobetan/Maabatli, Rajo, Bulbul and Shaykh al-Hadid. Afrin means "fruitful creation" or "blessing" in Kurdish.

The Afrin River flows through the city.

The first resistance against French troops was based on DECO and Shikakies tribes in northern Afrin. The city was later built by France as a commercial center.

During the Syrian civil war, Syrian government forces withdrew from the city during the summer of 2012. The Popular Protection Units (commonly known as YPG) took control of the city soon afterward.[2][3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Aleppo Governorate. (Arabic)
  2. ^ http://www.rudaw.net/english/kurds/4978.html
  3. ^ "Liberated Kurdish Cities in Syria Move into Next Phase". Rudaw. 25 July 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "Kurdish muscle flexing". Jerusalem Post. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.