Afro-American religions (also African diasporic religions) are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas among African slaves and their descendants in various countries of Latin America, the Caribbean, and parts of the southern United States. They derive from African traditional religions, especially of West and Central Africa.
These religions usually involve ancestor veneration and/or a pantheon of divine spirits, such as the loas of Haitian Vodou, or the orishas of Santería. Similar divine spirits are also found in the Central and West African traditions from which they derive — the orishas of Yoruba cultures, the nkisi of Bantu (Kongo) traditions, and the Vodun of Dahomey (Benin), Togo, southern Ghana, and Burkina Faso. In addition to mixing these various but related African traditions, many Afro-American religions incorporate elements of Christian, indigenous American, Kardecist, Spiritualist and even Islamic traditions. This mixing of traditions is known as religious syncretism.
List of traditions 
* Does not refer to the religions' indigenous origins in continental Africa, but only to their development in the New World.
Other closely related regional faiths include:
- Sanse (also known as Puerto Rican Vudú) (Fon, Puerto Rico)
- Xangô de Recife (Yoruba, Brazil)
- Xangô do Nordeste (Yoruba, Brazil
- Tambor de Mina (Yoruba, Brazil)
New religious movements 
Some syncretic new religious movements have elements of these African religions, but are predominantly rooted in other spiritual traditions. A first wave of such movements originated in the early twentieth century:
- Santo Daime (folk Catholicism and Spiritism, Brazil);
- Moorish Science Temple of America (Islam and Christianity, USA);
- Nation of Islam (Islam, USA)
- Black Hebrew Israelites (Judiasm, USA)
- Rastafari movement (African-influenced Judeo-Christian, Jamaica); and
- Espiritismo (mixture of Taino and Kongo beliefs, Puerto Rico)
- União do Vegetal (Brazil, entheogenic, since 1961);
- Vale do Amanhecer (Brazil, Spiritism, since 1965);
- Ausar Auset Society (USA, Kemetism, Pan-Africanism, since 1973); and
- Black Buddhist Community in America (USA, Buddhism, since the 1960s).
See also 
- For an extended discussion on Palo's history, see: Dodson, Jualynne E. (2008). Sacred spaces and Religious Traditions in Oriente Cuba. UNM Press.
- Eltis, David; Richardson, David (1997). Routes to slavery: direction, ethnicity, and mortality in the transatlantic slave trade. Routledge. p. 88. ISBN 0-7146-4820-5.
- Houk, James (1995). Spirits, Blood, and Drums: The Orisha Religion in Trinidad. Temple University Press.
- Xango de Recife
Further reading 
- Charles Spencer King, Nature's Ancient Religion ISBN 978-1-4404-1733-7
- Charles Spencer King, "IFA Y Los Orishas: La Religion Antigua De LA Naturaleza" ISBN 1-4610-2898-1