||This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2011)
Afro-Arab (or Black Arab) commonly refers to mixed-race communities or persons descended from Arabs and black African peoples from Sub-Saharan Africa (e.g. the Haratin or Comorians), or their culture. The term can also be used to mean an Arabized black person or group (e.g. the Akhdam). There are individuals and communities of Afro-Arabs in East Africa, West Africa, North Africa, the Near East and Western Europe.
"Afro-Arab" may also refer to the African Union's efforts to improve co-operation between African countries and those of the Arab world.
In Eastern Arabia's Arab States of the Persian Gulf, descendants of Africans perform Liwa and Fann At-Tanbura music and dance. The mizmar is also performed by Afro-Arabs in the Tihamah and Hejaz regions of Saudi Arabia.
In addition, Stambali of Tunisia and Gnawa music of Morocco are both ritual music and dances, which in part trace their origins to West African musical styles.
- ^ al-Saadi, Yazan (May 29, 2012). "Arab-African Ties: Severing History". alakhbar.
- ^ Gustavo Benavides, M. W. Daly, Religion and Political Power, SUNY Press, 1989, 84.
- ^ Sarah Grainger, Uganda celebrates Afro-Arab unity, BBC News, March 13, 2008.
- ^ Africans in the Arabian Gulf, Afropop Worldwide.
- ^ Poul Rovsing Olsen, "La Musique Africaine dans le Golfe Persique", Journal of the International Folk Music Council, Vol. 19, (1967), pp. 28-36
- Arab Slave Trade Afo-Arab relations and the Arab Slave Trade
- "Black Africans in (Arab) West Asia" - a cited ColorQ.org essay
- Prof. Helmi Sharawy, Arab Culture and African Culture: ambiguous relations, paper extracted from the book The Dialogue between the Arab culture and other cultures', Arab League, Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organisation (ALECSO), Tunis, 1999.
- Africans in the Arabian Gulf, Afropop Worldwide
- Resolution on Afro-arab Co-operation of The Council of Ministers of the Organization of African Unity, 23, February 23–28, 1987.
- African Union/league of Arab States Inter-secretariat Consultative Meeting On Afro-arab Cooperation, Addis Ababa: 10–12 May 2005.
- Maho M. Sebiane, « Le statut socio-économique de la pratique musicale aux Émirats arabes unis : la tradition du leiwah à Dubai », Chroniques yéménites, 14, 2007..