Afroaves

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Afroavians
Snowy Owl - Schnee-Eule.jpg
Snowy owl, Bubo scandiacus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Telluraves
Clade: Afroaves
Ericson, 2012
Subclades

Piciformes
Coraciiformes
Accipitriformes
Strigimorphae

Afroaves is a recently defined[1] clade of birds, consisting of the kingfishers and kin (Coraciiformes), woodpeckers and kin (Piciformes), raptors (Accipitriformes) and the owls and mousebird and kin (Strigimorphae).[2] They appear to be the sister group of Australaves.[2]

Afroaves
Accipitrimorphae

Accipitriformes



Cathartiformes (New World vultures)





Strigiformes (owls)


Coraciimorphae

Coliiformes (mousebirds)


Eucavitaves

Leptosomatiformes (cuckoo roller)


Cavitaves

Trogoniformes (trogons)


Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)




Coraciformes



Piciformes (woodpeckers)









Cladogram of Afroaves relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014)[3] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013).[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ericson, P.G. (2012). "Evolution of terrestrial birds in three continents: biogeography and parallel radiations". Journal of Biogeography 39 (5): 813–824. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02650.x. 
  2. ^ a b Naish, D. (2012). "Birds." Pp. 379-423 in Brett-Surman, M.K., Holtz, T.R., and Farlow, J. O. (eds.), The Complete Dinosaur (Second Edition). Indiana University Press (Bloomington & Indianapolis).
  3. ^ Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014) Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds. Science, 346(6215):1320-1331.
  4. ^ Yuri, T. et al. (2013) Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals. Biology, 2(1):419-444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419