Afshar people

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The Afshar, also spelled Awshar, are one of the Oghuz Turkic peoples.[1] These originally nomadic Oghuz tribes moved from Central Asia and initially settled in Iranian Azerbaijan, later being relocated by the Safavids to Khurasan and Mazandaran.[2] Today, they are variously considered as a branch of the Turkmens[3] or the Azerbaijanis.[4][5][6]

Afshars in Iran remain a largely nomadic group,[7] with tribes in central Anatolia, northern Iran, Afghanistan, and Azerbaijan.[8] They were the founders of the Afsharid and Karamanid dynasties.[9]

Nader Shah, who became Shah of Iran in 1736, was from the Qirqlu tribe of Afshar.[10][11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Oberling, P. "AFŠĀR". Encyclopedia Iranica. Retrieved 9 July 2009. "AFŠĀR, one of the twenty-four original Ḡuz Turkic tribes" 
  2. ^ Iran's Diverse Peoples: A Reference Sourcebook, ed. Massoume Price, (ABC-CLIO, 2005), pp. 75, 89.
  3. ^ From multilingual empire to contested modern state, Touraj Atabaki, Iran in the 21st Century: Politics, Economics & Conflict, ed. Homa Katouzian, Hossein Shahidi, (Routledge, 2008), 41.
  4. ^ Richard V. Weekes. Muslim peoples: a world ethnographic survey. AZERI. — Greenwood Press, 1978 — p. 56 — ISBN 9780837198804
  5. ^ Российский этнографический музей. Афшары.
  6. ^ Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Azerbaijani people. (Russian)
  7. ^ Encyclopedia of The Modern Middle East and North Africa, (Detroit: Thomson Gale, 2004) P. 1112
  8. ^
  9. ^ Claude Cahen, Pre-Ottoman Turkey: a general survey of the material and spiritual culture and history c. 1071-1330, trans. J. Jones-Williams (New York: Taplinger, 1968), 281-2.
  10. ^ Tribal resurgence and the Decline of the bureaucracy in the eighteenth century, A.K.S. Lambton, Studies in Eighteenth Century Islamic History, ed. Thomas Naff; Roger Owen, (Southern Illinois University Press, 1977), 108-109.  – via Questia (subscription required)
  11. ^ The Struggle for Persia, 1709-1785, Cambridge Illustrated Atlas, Warfare: Renaissance to Revolution, 1492-1792, ed. Jeremy Black, (Cambridge University Press, 1996), 142.


  • AFŠĀR, P.Oberling, Encyclopedia Iranica, (9 July 2009);"AFŠĀR, one of the twenty-four original Ḡuz Turkic tribes".[1]