Aftab Ghulam Nabi Kazi

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Aftab Ghulam Nabi Kazi
AGN Kazi.jpg
Mr. Aftab Ghulam Nabi Kazi in Washington D.C., United States, circa 1960.
Chairman of Pakistan Board of Investment
In office
19 October 1993 – 15 November 1994
President Farooq Leghari
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto
12th Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission (Pakistan)
In office
October 7, 1986 – August 23, 1993
President General Zia-ul-Haq
Ghulam Ishaq Khan
Prime Minister Muhammad Khan Junejo
Benazir Bhutto
Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi
Nawaz Sharif
Preceded by V.A. Jafary
Succeeded by Saeed Ahmed Quresh
8h Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan
In office
July 15, 1978 – July 9, 1986
President General Zia-ul-Haq
Chairman of the Federal Board of Revenue (Pakistan)
In office
September 8, 1970 – August 20, 1973
President Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
9th Finance Secretary of Pakistan
In office
September 8, 1970 – August 20, 1973
President Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Personal details
Born Aftab Ahmad Ghulam Nabi Kazi
(1919-11-06) November 6, 1919 (age 94)
Sindh, British Indian Empire
Citizenship Pakistan
Nationality Sindhi
Spouse(s) Zakia Nabi Kazi
Alma mater University of Bombay
Occupation Teacher, civil servant
Notable awards Star of Pakistan (1966)
Star of Service (1969)

Aftab Ghulam Nabi Kazi (Urdu: آ فتاب غلام نبى كاضى; November 6, 1919 — ) SPk, SK, was a Pakistani statesman during the Cold war and during the post cold war. Kazi was born in Sindh, Bombay Presidency in 1919 to an educationist family of academic class. Kazi started his career in Indian Civil Service in 1944 and served as the Deputy Commissioner of Bihar and Orissa. After independence, Kazi migrated to Pakistan and joined Provincial Government of Sindh, and held vital positions such as Secretary of Finance and Secretary to Governor.

During the early sixties, he was Economic Minister in the Pakistan Embassy to the USA. After a brief stint as Additional Chief Secretary of West Pakistan, he was appointed Chairman of Water and Power Development Authority. In the latter assignment, he was responsible for the completion of the Mangla Dam Project. In March 1969, Kazi was appointed Secretary for Industries and Natural Resources and a year later, he went on to serve as the Finance Secretary, a post he held for over three years until his elevation as Secretary General.

After the power struggle triggered by General Yahya Khan's general election, Zulfikar Bhutto became the new leader of Pakistan. In 1973, Kazi next became Secretary General Finance and Economic Coordination. When Ghulam Ishaq Khan became Finance Minister, Kazi was appointed Economic Advisor to the President in July 1977. In 1978, Kazi was appointed as Governor of State Bank of Pakistan until 1986. The Pakistan State Bank, under Kazi, was characterized by excellent financial discipline in the banking sector coupled with good relations with the Federal Government. Kazi started a career that would last for half a century making him the longest serving civil servant in the history of Pakistan. As a leading civil servant, Kazi passed through several major events in the history of Pakistan, including the removal of Bhutto and the mysterious death of General Zia-ul-Haq. In 1993, he was appointed as the Chairman Privatization Commission and was again given the status of a Federal Minister as Chief Executive of the Pakistan Investment Board. In 1994, Kazi retired from office, at the age of 75, and currently leads a quiet retired life in Islamabad.

Early life[edit]

Kazi was born into a Sindhi,[1] working class family consisting of his father KBGN Kazi, an educationist, and his sibling BGN Kazi would later go on to become a senior Jurist at the Federal Islamic Court. The family originated from Sindh, Bombay Presidency, British Indian Empire. His father was a veteran educationist of Sindh who had been bestowed with the honour of MBE by the British Government due to his services to humanity and social development. On the separation of Sindh] from Bombay, Khan Bahadur Ghulam Nabi Kazi was appointed the first Director of Public Instructions Sindh in 1936. Kazi received his education from Jamshoro, Sindh and went on to attend the Cathedral and John Connon School in 1930.

British era:education and academia[edit]

After graduating from Cathedral and John Connon School, Kazi went on to attend the University of Bombay in 1937. In 1941, Kazi graduated and gained B.S. in Statistics, and later went on to gain M.Sc. in Physics and M.A. in Mathematics from the University of Bombay, and also competed in the Indian Civil Service examination from there in 1944.[2] However, before joining the civil service, Kazi joined the Department of Mathematics of the D. J. Science College, teaching courses in Mathematics and Statistics. In 1944, he was one of the three Muslims selected to the Indian Civil Service along with Agha Shahi and Mian Riazuddin Ahmed.[2] Thus, Kazi started a career that would last for half a century making him the longest serving civil servant in the history of Pakistan.[2]

Civil Service in India[edit]

The British Government appointed Kazi as Deputy Commissioner in Bihar and Orissa where he served there until 1947. Kazi was asked by the British Government to stay in India, but he opted for Pakistan after independence in 1947. He arrived in his hometown where he joined the Government of Sindh and held pivotal positions such as Secretary to Governor and Secretary Finance. Keeping with the traditions of all Commonwealth countries the most brilliant and efficient civil servants are assigned to the Ministry of Finance and Mr Kazi proved no exception to this rule.

Senior offices held[edit]

After the amalgamation of all provinces in the western wing of the country in 1955, he was appointed Finance Secretary of West Pakistan. In the early sixties he was posted as Economic Minister in the Pakistan Embassy in Washington DC USA where he served until 1965. On his return to Pakistan, he was appointed for a brief period as Additional Chief Secretary (Planning nd Development) West Pakistan and thereafter as Chairman of Pakistan's Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA). It was during his tenure as Chairman WAPDA that the Mangla Dam was inaugurated and on this occasion he was awarded the high civil award of Sitara-e-Pakistan. Previously he had also been awarded the Sitara-e-Khidmat. In 1969, he was appointed Secretary for Industries and Natural Resources and a year later as Finance Secretary of the Government of Pakistan. As Secretary Finance he succeeded eminent personalities such as Sir Victor Turner, Abdul Qadir, Mumtaz Hasan, Hafiz Abdul Majid, Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad and Ghulam Ishaq Khan who was subsequently President of Pakistan. He held this pivotal assignment of Finance Secretary of Pakistan during the unfortunate crisis of 1971. In this capacity, he was also Chairman of the Federal Board of Revenue (Pakistan).[3] In 1973, A G N Kazi was assigned the highest grade in the civil service and made Secretary General, Finance and Economic Coordination in which capacity he had to supervise the working of all the economic and planning ministries of the Government of Pakistan. He was appointed Advisor to the President on Economic Affairs in 1977 with the rank of a full Cabinet Minister on the imposition of martial law in July 1977.[4] Thereafter he was appointed Governor of State Bank of Pakistan in 1978.[5] He served in the latter capacity for eight years and this period was characterized by excellent financial discipline in the banking sector coupled with good relations with the federal government. During his tenure as Secretary General Finance, Kazi became involved in securing Pakistan's nuclear capability, along with Agha Shahi and Ghulam Ishaq Khan; the three constituting the coordination board to monitor the nuclear program. In 1986, he was appointed Deputy Chairman Planning Commission (Pakistan).,[6] in which position he remained until 1993 until his induction as the Chairman Privatization Commission. In 1993 he was again given the status of a Federal Minister as Chairman/Chief Executive of the Pakistan Investment Board.[7]

Retirement[edit]

In 1994, A G N Kazi finally retired after fifty long years of service and never took up any regular government assignment. He is a well-respected figure in Pakistan's economic sector having remained at its helm for around three decades, and is well known for his efficiency, integrity and commitment. He currently resides in Islamabad. His wife Zakia died in 2009. He has two children Shahnaz Kazi and Sohail Kazi.

Offices held[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Ghulam Ishaq Khan
Finance Secretary of Pakistan
1970–1973
Succeeded by
Abdur Rauf Shaikh
Preceded by
S. Osman Ali
Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan
1978–1986
Succeeded by
V.A. Jafarey
Preceded by
V. A. Jafarey
Deputy Chairman Planning Commission
1986-1993
Succeeded by
Saeed Ahmed Qureshi

See also[edit]

References[edit]