Aftenposten

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Aftenposten
Aftenposten logo.svg
Type Daily newspaper
Format Compact
Owner(s) Schibsted
Editor Espen Egil Hansen
Founded 14 May 1860; 154 years ago (1860-05-14)
Political alignment Liberal conservative
Language Norwegian
Headquarters Oslo, Norway
Website www.aftenposten.no

Aftenposten (Norwegian for "The Evening Post") is Norway's largest newspaper. It retook this position in 2010, taking it from the tabloid Verdens Gang which had been the largest newspaper for several decades. It is based in Oslo. The morning edition, which is distributed across all of Norway, had a readership of 658,000 in 2013.[1] In addition, the paper had an evening edition, which was only distributed to the populous central eastern part of Norway and had a circulation of 105,012. The evening edition was taken into the morning edition in 2013. Aftenposten has a long tradition of serious journalism, and is by many considered to be the leading Norwegian newspaper. Strong competition in a shrinking market has made the paper opt for a broader appeal, however, as signified by the conversion from broadsheet to compact format in 2005.[2]

Aftenposten's online edition, Aftenposten.no, averages more than 78 million page views per month.

Aftenposten is a private company wholly owned by the public company Schibsted ASA. The paper has approximately 740 employees. Espen Egil Hansen is editor-in-chief (2014).

History and profile[edit]

Aftenposten was founded by Christian Schibsted on 14 May 1860[3] under the name "Christiania Adresseblad". The following year it was renamed Aftenposten. Since 1885 the paper has printed two daily editions. A Sunday edition was published until 1919, and was reintroduced in 1990. The Friday morning edition carries the A-magasinet supplement, featuring articles on science, politics, and the arts.

Historically, Aftenposten labelled itself as "independent, conservative",[3] most closely aligning their editorial platform with the Norwegian conservative party, Høyre. This manifested itself in blunt anti-communism during the inter-war era. During World War II Aftenposten, due to its large circulation, was put under the directives of the German occupational authorities, and a Nazi editorial management was imposed.

The paper is based in Oslo.[3]

Editions[edit]

In addition to the morning edition, Aftenposten publishes a separate evening edition called Aften (previously Aftenposten Aften). This edition was published on weekdays and Saturdays until the Sunday morning edition was reintroduced in 1990. The evening edition is only circulated in the central eastern part of Norway, i.e. Oslo and Akershus counties. Thus, it focuses on news related to this area, in contrast with the morning edition, which focuses on national and international news. The evening edition was converted to tabloid format in 1997. From April 2006, the Thursday edition of Aften also includes a special edition with news specific to a part of Oslo or Akershus, called Lokal Aften ("Local Evening"). There are eight versions of this edition, each subscriber receives the version which is most relevant to the area in which he or she lives. In areas that are not covered by any of the eight versions (for example Romerike and Follo), the version for central Oslo is distributed. From May 2009 Aften is only printed and distributed 3 days a week, Tuesday to Thursday.

Controversies[edit]

Aftenposten has not received the amount of lawsuits and attention from the Norwegian Press Complaints Commission that some of the larger tabloids have. However, there are exceptions. In 2007 Aftenposten alleged that Julia Svetlichnaja, the last person to interview the murdered Russian national Alexander Litvinenko, was a Kremlin agent. London correspondent Hilde Harbo admitted to have let herself be fed disinformation from the Russian emigrant community, without investigating the matter properly.[4] Aftenposten eventually had to apologize, and pay Ms Svetlichnaja's legal costs.

Editorial line[edit]

Aftenposten is now seldom regarded as a conservative newspaper; right-leaning critics have often pointed out that the paper has become mainstream social-democratic after the end of the Cold War, thus in essence politically aligned with a large majority of Norway's press.

Language[edit]

True to its conservative line, Aftenposten is published in a very conservative form of the Norwegian written language called Riksmål, which keeps closer ties to the Danish language than more commonly used norms. In 1990, Aftenposten adopted the latest Riksmål spelling standard of 1986 as its language guideline. This language standard is maintained by a private organization called Riksmålsforbundet, and not by the official Norwegian language council Norsk språkråd. As such it is not an officially accepted norm for Norwegian written language. Since it is largely compatible with the most conservative form of the officially sanctioned, and more common norm Bokmål, this is somewhat less controversial than one would assume. However, Aftenposten has been under repeated criticism for its very strict editorial policy on this matter; mainly because it converts every contribution to the newspaper, including letters from readers, into this language standard - even if they were correctly written according to official language guidelines.

The online version of the paper had a large English section, and was one of the favourite sources for Norwegian news in English amongst the Norwegian diaspora, people of Norwegian descent who live abroad (e.g. in the USA), and others with an interest in Norway. To cut costs, Aftenposten stopped publishing English-language stories in early November 2008. Archives of past material are still available online.[5]

Circulation[edit]

Aftenposten (morning paper)[edit]

Numbers from the Norwegian Media Businesses' Association, Mediebedriftenes Landsforening 1980 - 2009:

  • 1980: 223 925
  • 1981: 227 122
  • 1982: 230 205
  • 1983: 232 459
  • 1984: 233 998
  • 1985: 240 600
  • 1986: 252 093
  • 1987: 260 915
  • 1988: 264 469
  • 1989: 267 278
  • 1990: 265 558
  • 1991: 269 278
  • 1992: 274 870
  • 1993: 278 669
  • 1994: 279 965
  • 1995: 282 018
  • 1996: 283 915
  • 1997: 286 163
  • 1998: 288 078
  • 1999: 284 251
  • 2000: 276 429
  • 2001: 262 632
  • 2002: 263 026
  • 2003: 256 639
  • 2004: 249 861
  • 2005: 252 716
  • 2006: 248 503
  • 2007: 250 179
  • 2008: 247 556
  • 2009: 243 188
  • 2010: 239 831
  • 2011: 235 795
  • 2012: 225 981
  • 2013: 214 026
Aftenposten 1980 - 2009

Aften (evening paper)[edit]

Numbers from the Norwegian Media Businesses' Association, Mediebedriftenes Landsforening: 1989 - 2009:

  • 1939: 78 700
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  • 1989: 193 932
  • 1990: 192 896
  • 1991: 195 022
  • 1992: 197 738
  • 1993: 198 647
  • 1994: 188 544
  • 1995: 186 003
  • 1996: 188 635
  • 1997: 191 269
  • 1998: 186 417
  • 1999: 180 497
  • 2000: 175 783
  • 2001: 167 671
  • 2002: 163 924
  • 2003: 155 366
  • 2004: 148 067
  • 2005: 141 612
  • 2006: 137 141
  • 2007: 131 089
  • 2008: 124 807
  • 2009: 111 566
Aften 1989 - 2009.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://medienorge.uib.no/english/?cat=statistikk&medium=avis&queryID=273&aspekt=oppdatering, Readership of Norwegian print newspapers 2013, MEDIANORWAY ©2014
  2. ^ Ingrid Brekke (4 May 2013): Tabloid i form, men ikke i sjel (Norwegian) Aftenposten, Retrieved 14 June 2013
  3. ^ a b c Bernard A. Cook (2001). Europe Since 1945: An Encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. p. 935. ISBN 978-0-8153-4058-4. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "Svetlichnaja and Litvinenko: Clarifications". Aftenposten. 9 December 2006. Retrieved 1 February 2009. 
  5. ^ "So long, farewell ...". Aftenposten. 5 November 2008. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 20 November 2008. 

External links[edit]