After the First Death

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After the First Death
After the First Death.gif
Author Robert Cormier
Original title After the First Death
Country United States
Language English
Genre Young Adult, Psychological Thriller
Publication date
Media type Print
Pages 233
ISBN 0-440-20835-1
OCLC 23153589

After the First Death (1979) is a suspense novel for young adults by American author Robert Cormier. The focus is on the complex relationships that develop between the various characters.


After the First Death describes the terrorist hijacking of a summer camp bus full of children. The main characters include Kate, a high school student driving the bus, Miro, one of the terrorists, and Ben, the son of a general for an anti-terrorism group. The story is mostly written from the point of view of Kate, Miro and Ben, switching back and forth, and brief sections are told from the point of view of some other characters. Kate is driving the bus when it is hijacked by four terrorists, Miro, Artkin, Antibbe and Stroll. The terrorists force Kate to drive the bus to an old, worn-down railroad bridge, where a drawn-out siege begins, the terrorists threatening to kill one child for every attack by the police or death of a terrorist. The terrorists are working to "free" their homeland, which is never named specifically but could be assumed from their descriptions to be a Middle Eastern, or African country.[2]


The various themes explored in the texts include the parallel made through the father-son relationship between Ben, the General, Miro and Artkin. Some of these themes are Courage, Endurance, Survival, Resilience, Sacrifice, Morality, and being wise.[3]


Odd Chapters

Ben Marchand is a teenager who is the son of a general for an anti-terrorism group. He is waiting in his room at Castle, his boarding school, waiting for his mother and father to arrive. He is conveying his thoughts to the reader and recalling the events before an incident where he was shot. This incident was the same incident that is explored in the even numbered chapters.

In the middle of the novel, the perspective switches from Ben to his father, General Mark Marchand, who left his son's room after a brief conversation and came back to find it empty. He details the series of events that lead him volunteering Ben to deliver a stone to the terrorists on the bus. This resulted in Ben being shot and eventually committing suicide.

The last odd numbered chapter is a conversation between Ben and his father, which reveals that Ben is already dead, with his father seemingly imagining he is alive and attempting to revive his son in his head in order to ask for his forgiveness. 'Ben' reveals that they are not actually in Castle, but a mental hospital. This leaves the reader wondering if Ben was even alive writing any of the novel, as Mark could have been writing from the perspective of Ben all along.

Even Chapters

Miro is a Middle Eastern terrorist who is also a teenager. He and three other terrorists, Artkin, Antibbe and Stroll hijack a bus full of preschoolers on a trip to school camp. Miro is assigned to kill the driver of the bus.

Artkin starts handing sweets to the schoolchildren, making them fall asleep. The sweets kills a child, Kevin McMann, by mistake. Because of this, Artkin orders Miro not to kill the bus driver yet so that the bus drivers can keep the children on the bus calm.

Finally, the bus arrives at the bridge. Miro explains to the bus driver (Kate) that that he hijacked the bus so he could free his homeland. However Kate was still determined to escape. She finds two solutions, to use Raymond, a child who has not taken the candy and the keys to the bus.

Kate attempts to drive the bus away from the bridge but the bus's engine suddenly stops. The bus spends the night on the bridge.

The next morning, it is revealed that the ransom is starting to be received. However, the terrorists still need proof about the capture of Sedeete, the leader of the terrorist group Miro is in.

A few minutes afterwards, Antibbe was killed by a bullet shot by a sniper by accident. The terrorists kills Raymond for revenge. Ben Marchand is sent for proof of Sedeete's capture and is tortured for information. Ben gives the terrorists incorrect information and the soldiers surrounding the bus attacks the terrorists. They killed all the terrorists except Miro. However, Ben was also shot.

Miro and Kate escapes to the bushes. Kate tries to convince Artkin as Miro’s father. Miro doesn't believe her and kills her with a bullet because she had been manipulating him the whole time. In the end, Miro escapes the incident on a truck.


  1. ^ Cormier, Robert. After the First Death. 
  2. ^ Cormier, Robert. After the First Death. 
  3. ^ Cormier, Robert. After the First Death.