|Makha Seeds (Afzelia xylocarpa), yellow arils removed|
Afzelia xylocarpa is a tree from Southeast Asia. It grows in Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Burma in deciduous forests. It can reach 30 metres tall with a trunk up to 2 metres in diameter in a mature specimen. An alternative Latin name is Pahudia cochinchinensis.
The seeds are harvested for medicinal purposes. The seed pulp can be used to make cigarettes, and the bark and seed are used for herbal medicine. The highly-figured lumber is often sold as Afzelia Xylay. The wood is used for ornamental woodturning, pens, knife handles, carvings, and musical instruments.
- Khmer: បេង [beːŋ]
- Laotian: ຄ່າ [kʰāː]
- Mandarin Chinese: 缅茄 (pinyin: "miǎnqié")
- Thai: ~ makha (มะค่า)
- Vietnamese: Gõ đỏ.
- Dorthe Jøker, Danida Forest Seed Centre. "Afzelia xylocarpa (Kurz) Craib" (PDF). Seed leaflet (No. 6, September 2000). University of Copenhagen. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
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