Agam Regency

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Agam Regency
Regency
Official seal of Agam Regency
Seal
Motto: Tali Tigo Sapilin
Lokasi Sumatera Barat Kabupaten Agam.svg
Country Indonesia
Province West Sumatra
Capital Lubuk Basung
Government
 • Regent Indra Catri
Area
 • Total 2,232.30 km2 (861.90 sq mi)
Highest elevation 2,891 m (9,485 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 478,490
 • Density 210/km2 (560/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) +62 752
Website www.agamkab.go.id

Agam is a regency of West Sumatra, Indonesia. It has an area of 2,232.30 km²[1] and a population of 455,484 at the 2010 Census; in January 2014 this had risen to 478,490. The capital is Lubuk Basung. Bukittinggi city is surrounded by this regency but is not administratively included in it.

Lake Maninjau, a crater lake, is a well-known landmark of the regency, and is used as a site for paragliding. This lake is also primary tourist destination in West Sumatra.

History[edit]

This regency was founded to include a collection of several villages that existed in the region LUHAK Agam, during the reign of the Dutch East Indies. Bukittinggi was named as the regency capital at that time. Based on Government Regulation No. 8 of 1998, on January 7, 1998, the Agam capital was officially moved to Lubuk Basung.

Geography[edit]

Astronomically this regency located between 00°01’ 34” – 00°28’ 43” S dan 99°46’ 39” – 100°32’ 50” E.[1] Located in the mountainous region which is formed from 2 lanes Basin, Batang Agam in the north and Batang Sri Antokan in the south.

West area is flat to gently sloping (0-8%), reaching 71,956 ha, while the central and eastern regions which are wavy and hilly to very steep slopes (> 45%) with a total area of 129,352 ha.[1] Regions with a very steep slope (> 45%) are at the Bukit Barisan range with the summit of Mount Merapi with a height of 2,891 meters, and Mount Singgalang with a height of 2,877 meters, in the south and southeast of Agam.

Also, in this region there is Lake Maninjau, a crater lake which has an area of 9,950 ha.

There is Sianok Canyon, a steep valley (ravine) located in the border of Bukittinggi and IV Koto subdistrict. The valley is long and winding as the southern border town of Koto Gadang canyon to the village Sianok Anam Tribe, and ended in the subdistrict Palupuh. Sianok canyon has very beautiful scenery and also became one of the mainstay of the provincial tourist attraction.

They share land border with Pasaman and West Pasaman to the north, Padang Pariaman and Tanah Datar to the south, Lima Puluh Kota to the east. While they have sea border with Indian Ocean to the west.[1]

Climate[edit]

Temperature consists of two kinds, low-lying areas with a minimum temperature of 25°C and 33°C maximum (in Lubuk Basung), whereas in the high areas of minimum 20°C and maximum 29°C (in Tilatang Kamang). Average humidity is 88%, wind speed between 4–20 km/hour and the average sun shines 58%.[1]

Administration[edit]

Agam is divided into sixteen districts (kecamatan), listed below with their populations at the 2010 Census:

  • IV Nagari (22,543)
  • Banuhampu (36,113)
  • Baso (33,010)
  • Canduang (21,966)
  • IV Angkat Candung (43,110)
  • IV Koto (23,087)
  • Kamang Magek (20,055)
  • Lubuk Basung (68,045)
  • Malalak (9,265)
  • Matur (17,058)
  • Palembayan (29,227)
  • Palupuh (13,095)
  • Sungai Pua (23,006)
  • Tanjung Mutiara (28,239)
  • Tanjung Raya (32,879)
  • Tilatang Kamang (34,151)

Each district is sub-divided into several administrative villages. There are 82 villages (nagari in Minangkabau term).

Demography[edit]

The Agam Regency is populated mainly by the Minangkabau people, while other ethnic groups include Javanese and Batak.

Economy[edit]

Economic growth is dominated by agricultural sector, accounted for 40.40% of GDP, followed by trade, hotels and restaurants by 15.30%, service sector 13.25%, and manufacturing industry 11.71%.[2] Income per capita in 2008 is about Rp 12,000,000 or 1,333 USD.[3]

Tourism[edit]

The development of tourism in Agam regency are generally divided into three regions with the following details:[4]

1. West Region, focus on sea and coastal tourism, such as: fishery, recreational beaches and islands, diving/snorkeling, marine resources and marine culture, culinary tourism

2. Central Region, Lake Maninjau is dominant tourist destination in this region. Attraction is paragliding, off road, racing river craft and others. There is nature tourism, in lake and mountain. Also cultural and history tourism such as Buya Hamka birth house.

3. Eastern region, focus on agrotourism such as fruits and cocoa plantation.

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 0°16′00″S 100°00′00″E / 0.266667°S 100°E / -0.266667; 100