Agamede ( Greek: Ἀγαμήδη) was a name attributed to two separate women in classical Greek mythology and legendary history:
Mythological [ edit ]
Agamede ( c. twelfth century BC) was, according to Homer, a Greek physician acquainted with the healing powers of all the plants that grow upon the earth. She was born in [1 ] Elis, the eldest daughter of Augeas, King of the Epeans, and was married to Mulius, the first man killed in battle by [2 ] Nestor during a war between Elis and Pylos. [3 ] Hyginus makes her the mother of Belus, Actor, and Dictys, by Poseidon. She was called [4 ] Perimede by both Propertius and Theocritus. [5 ] By the [6 ] Hellenistic period (c. 4th to 1st centuries BC), Agamede had become a sorceress-figure, much like Circe or Medea. [7 ]
Historical [ edit ]
The hill Vounaros, the location of ancient Agemede
Agamede was a daughter of Macar, from whom Agamede, a place in Lesbos, was believed to have derived its name. [3 ] The town had already disappeared in [8 ] Pliny's day. [9 ] Ancient Agamede has been identified recently, with the ruins (walls, graves) on a small hill called “Vounaros” 3 km north of ancient Pyrrha. [10 ] [11 ]
References [ edit ]
^ Homer. , Iliad xi. 668.
^ Ogilvie, Marilyn; Harvey, Joy (2000). . The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Pioneering Lives from Ancient Times to Mid-20th Century Routledge. p. 12. ISBN 0-415-92040-X.
^ a b Schmitz, Leonhard (1870). "Agamede (1) and (2)". In Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology 1. Boston. p. 57.
^ Hyginus. Fabulae, 157.
^ Propertius. Elegies, 2.4.
^ Theocritus. Idylls, 2.10.
^ Dickie, Matthew (2004). . Magic and Magicians in the Greco-Roman World Routledge. p. 23. ISBN 0-415-31129-2.
^ Stephanus of Byzantium, s.v. . Ἀγαμήδη
^ Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia V. xxix
^ Cramer, John Anthony (1832). . The University Press. p. 163. A Geographical and Historical Description of Asia Minor
^ Harissis H.V et al. article in Greek in Lesviaka, 19;195-212, Mytilene 2002.
Sources [ edit ]