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For other uses, see Aganippe (disambiguation).

Aganippe (Ancient Greek: Ἀγανίππη) was a name or epithet of several figures in Greek mythology.

  • Aganippe was the name of both a spring and the Naiad (a Crinaea) associated with it. The spring is in Boeotia, near Thespiae,[1] at the base of Mount Helicon, and was associated with the Muses[2]who were sometimes called Aganippides. Drinking from it was considered to be a source of poetic inspiration. The nymph is called a daughter of the river-god Permessus (called Termessus by Pausanias).[3] Ovid associates Aganippe with Hippocrene.[4]
  • Aganippe "the Mare who destroys mercifully" was an aspect of Demeter. In this form she was a black winged horse worshiped by certain cults. In this aspect her idols (such as one found in Mavrospelya, the Black Cave, in Phigalia) portrayed her as mare-headed with a mane entwined with Gorgon Snakes. This aspect was also associated with Anion (or Arion) whom Heracles rode, who later inspired tales of Pegasus.[10]
  • Aganippis is a name used by Ovid as an epithet of Hippocrene;[11] its meaning however is not quite clear. It is derived from Aganippe, the well or nymph, and as "Aganippides" is used to designate the Muses, Aganippis Hippocrene may mean nothing than "Hippocrene, sacred to the Muses."[12]


  1. ^ Virg. AEn. X, 12
  2. ^ Pausanias Perieg., Graeciae descriptio Book 9, chapter 29, section 5, line 2 ἐν Ἑλικῶνι δὲ πρὸς τὸ ἄλσος ἰόντι τῶν Μουσῶν ἐν ἀριστερᾷ μὲν ἡ Ἀγανίππη πηγή – θυγατέρα δὲ εἶναι τὴν Ἀγανίππην τοῦ Τερμησσοῦ λέγουσι, ῥεῖ δὲ καὶ οὗτος ὁ Τερμησσὸς περὶ τὸν Ἑλι- κῶνα – , τὴν δὲ εὐθεῖαν ἐρχομένῳ πρὸς τὸ ἄλσος ἔστιν εἰκὼν Εὐφήμης ἐπειργασμένη λίθῳ· τροφὸν δὲ εἶναι τὴν Εὐφήμην λέγουσι τῶν Μουσῶν.
  3. ^ Smith, "Aganippe" 1.; Pausanias, 9.29.5; Virgil, Eclogues 10.12.
  4. ^ Ovid, Fasti 5.7.
  5. ^ Hyginus. Fabulae, 63.
  6. ^ Scholiast, ad Apollon. Rhod. iv. 1091.
  7. ^ Smith, "Aganippe" 2.
  8. ^ Hyginus. Fabulae, 63.
  9. ^ Scholiast, ad Apollon. Rhod. iv. 1091.
  10. ^ Walker, B. G. The Woman's Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets, pg 219
  11. ^ Ovid, Fasti v. 7
  12. ^ Smith, "Aganippis".