Agaricus placomyces

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Agaricus placomyces
Agaricus placomyces.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Agaricus
Species: Agaricus placomyces
Binomial name
Agaricus placomyces
Peck (1878)
Synonyms

Fungus placomyces (Peck) Kuntze (1898)
Psalliota placomyces (Peck) Lloyd (1899)

Agaricus placomyces
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium

cap is convex

or flat
hymenium is free
stipe has a ring
spore print is blackish-brown
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: inedible

Agaricus placomyces is a large mushroom that resides mainly in the woodlands.

Description[edit]

Agaricus placomyces has a cap that is 5–12 cm and varies from convex to broadly convex or nearly flat in age. In addition, the surface of the cap is dry and covered with brownish fibers and scales, especially over the center. Underneath, the cap can be whitish under normal environments, or pinkish in wet weather. Covered with fine, appressed greyish-brown scales and concentrated at the disc, the cap is thick, slowly becoming vinaceous when injured; the odor strongly smells phenol. It yellows in KOH.[citation needed]

The gills of this mushroom are free from the stem, crowded, and pale grayish-pink, turning brown in age. In addition, the stem is 6–15 cm long, 1–1.5 cm. thick and more or less equal, with an enlarged base (unlike typically ending in a small bulb like Agaricus pocillator). Also, it is fairly smooth, white and bruising yellow, especially at the base, with a persistent ring, and the partial veil when still covering the gills developing brownish to yellowish droplets.[1][2]

At 8–15 cm long and 2–3.5 cm thick, the stipe is slightly enlarged at the base; the surface is white, and smooth above and below the ring. The veil of the stipe is membranous, thick, white, and forms a persistent ring with a smooth upper and lower surface. The base of the stipe is typically yellow when bruised and smells of phenol.[3]

Yellow staining rhizomorphs at the base of Agaricus placomyces specimens

The spores are 4–6.0 x 3.5–4.5 µm, smooth, and elliptical; the spore print is blackish-brown.

Edibility[edit]

For some people, Agaricus placomyces can be toxic. Like other phenolic-odored Agaricus species, it can cause gastrointestinal upsets. Other people, who are not affected by the toxicity, may find it edible. The mushroom's taste is not distinctive and somewhat unpleasant; the odor is usually unpleasant, but not necessarily distinctive. The flesh is white, and the base becomes yellow when bruised.

Habitat[edit]

Agaricus placomyces is saprobic. In addition, it grows in groups under hardwoods and in mixed woods during summer and fall. It is generally found east of the Rocky Mountains and northern in distribution. Generally, it is solitary, living in either small groups, or clusters on disturbed ground under conifers. Unlike many other Agaricus species, it fruits from mid to late winter rather than during the late spring, summer and early fall.[4][5]

See also[edit]

List of Agaricus species

References[edit]

  1. ^ Breitenbach & Kränzlin (vol. 4): sp. 188
  2. ^ Freeman, A.E.H. (1979). Agaricus in the southeastern United States. Mycotaxon 8(1): 50–118.
  3. ^ Kerrigan, Richard W. (1986). The Agaricales (Gilled Fungi) of California. 6. Agaricaceae. Mad River Press: Eureka, CA. 62 p.
  4. ^ Kerrigan, R.W., Callac, P., Guinberteau, J., Challen, M.P. & Parra, L. (2005). Agaricus section Xanthodermatei: a phylogenetic reconstruction with commentary on taxa. Mycologia 97: 1292–1315.
  5. ^ Mushrooms Demystified: A Comprehensive Guide to the Fleshy Fungi ; By David Arora, Edition: 2, illustrated; Published by Ten Speed Press, 1986; ISBN 0-89815-169-4, ISBN 978-0-89815-169-5 page 329.

Sources[edit]