Mahonia trifoliolata is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae that is native to Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona in the United States and northern Mexico as far south as Durango. Common names include Agarita, Agrito, Algerita, Currant-of-Texas, Wild Currant, and Chaparral Berry. Several authorities consider the entire Mahonia genus as part of Berberis, in which case the scientific name becomes Berberis trifoliolata.
Mahonia trifoliolata is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 6 ft (1.8 m) tall and wide. It is widely cultivated in desert regions. It is low maintenance, drought tolerant, and has a very high heat tolerance. The foliage is gray-green, and the leaflets have sharp points at the ends. The yellow flowers grow in clusters.
The bright red edible fruits of the Agarita can be harvested around late April to early May. The fruits contain a slightly sweet and sour juice, when expelled the juice can be used to produce an Agarita wine or used simply as a fruit juice drink. The fruits also contain seeds and can be used to germinate new Agarita plants. The fruit is a red berry used in jellies.
- "Taxon: Berberis trifoliolata Moric.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2008-11-03. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- Tropicos Berberis trifoliolata
- Flora of North America, vol 3.
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- Marroquín, Jorge S., & Joseph E. Laferrière. 1997. Transfer of specific and infraspecific taxa from Mahonia to Berberis. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 30(1):53-55.
- Laferrière, Joseph E. 1997. Transfer of specific and infraspecific taxa from Mahonia to Berberis. Bot. Zhurn. 82(9):96-99.
- I.M. Johnstone, Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 31: 190. 1950.
- Agarita from the Texas Native Plants Database