Agartala

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Agartala
আগরতলা
capital
Montage of Agartala City  Clockwise from top left: Uma Maheswar Kali Temple, Agartala City Center, Ujjayanta Palace, Agartala Railway Station, Skyline of a part of the city during 1998, North-Gate
Montage of Agartala City
Clockwise from top left: Uma Maheswar Kali Temple, Agartala City Center, Ujjayanta Palace, Agartala Railway Station, Skyline of a part of the city during 1998, North-Gate
Nickname(s): Aguli (Kokborok)
Agartala is located in Tripura
Agartala
Agartala
Location of Agartala in Tripura
Coordinates: 23°50′N 91°16′E / 23.833°N 91.267°E / 23.833; 91.267Coordinates: 23°50′N 91°16′E / 23.833°N 91.267°E / 23.833; 91.267
Country  India
State Tripura
District West Tripura
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body AMC
 • Mayor Dr. Prafulla Jit Sinha [1]
 • Commissioner Abhishek Chandra
Area
 • Total 76.504 km2 (29.538 sq mi)
Elevation 12.80 m (41.99 ft)
Population (2013)[2]
 • Total 438,408
 • Density 5,730/km2 (14,800/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, Kokborok, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 799001-10, 799012, 799014-15, 799022, 799055
Telephone code 91 (0)381
Vehicle registration TR 01 XX YYYY
Spoken languages Bengali, Kokborok, Hindi, English,
Ethnicity Bengali, Tripuri, Chakma, Other
Website agartalacity.nic.in

Agartala /əɡərtəˈlɑː/ (Bengali: আগরতলা Agortola) is the capital of the Indian state of Tripura and is the second largest city in North-east India after Guwahati, both in municipal area and population. Agartala is a component of two words, namely Agar, a kind of oily valuable perfume tree, + suffix tala, a store house. The city is governed by the Agartala Municipal Corporation. Agartala lies on the bank of the Haora River and is located 2 km from the Bangladesh border.

The overall area of the Agartala Municipal Corporation was 76.504 Square Km and the population was 438,408 after the completion of the restructuring of the Agartala Municipal Corporation in 2013.[2] The percentage of literacy according to 2011 census was 93.88, higher than the national literacy rate.[3]

History[edit]

Perched on the banks of River Howrah, the low-key capital city of Tripura-Agartala- entices the excursionists and sightseers with its past splendor. As the name Agartala derived from the words Agar and tala consisting of heavy density of Agaru tree, Agar was referred in the context of great king Raghu who tied up his Elephant feet with Agar tree on the banks of Lauhitya. One of the earliest kings of Agartala was Patardan B.C. 1900 it was the time long before the Manikya Dynasties. Chitrarath, Drikpati, Dharmapha, Loknath Jivandharan were the important king during the time of B.C. in Agartala.

His highness Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur one of the most ambitious kings of Tripura

From the mythological, epigraphic and archaeological evidences excavated by the historians, it is clear that the glory of Tripura is a long-flourishing one. With early references in epic texts like the Mahabharata, the legacy and historical importance of this quaint city can be easily gauged. In the past, Tripura served as the capital to several noted Hindu kingdoms. Although a clear chronology of the rulers is not available, records reveal that the land was formerly ruled by as many as 179 Hindu rulers, starting from mythological King Druhya to the last king of Tripura, Kirit Bikram Kishore Manikya. Apart from the great Hindu rule, Tripura also witnessed the glorious rule of the Mughals. However, with the rise of British power in India, the state came under the governance of English in 1808.[4] Much later the ancient capital of the then Princely State 'Swadhin Tripura' was at Rangamati (Udaipur, South Tripura) by the bank of the river Gomati. In 1760 it was shifted by the Maharaja Krishna Chandra Manikya Bahadur (r.1829–1849) of Manikya Dynasty[5] to present old Agartala by the bank of the river Haora/Saidra and was named 'Haveli'. Due to frequent invasion of the Kuki's and also to keep easy communication with the British Bengal, the Maharaja Krishna Chandra Manikya started the process of shifting the capital from Old Haveli to New Haveli (present Agartala) in 1849. During the British Raj, Agartala was the capital of the erstwhile 'Hill Tippera' state, it became a municipality in 1874–75, and in 1901 had the population of 9,513.[6] The princely state always remained as cake piece to the British and many other invaders, such happened when the Arakhan soldiers did really attacked in the old capital of the state following which the king of Tripura responded them in a tricky way by defeating the entire troop. With the waves of Indian Independence, the people of Tripura started Ganamukti Parishad movement to include the state as the kingdom of India. The then queen of Tripura Maharani Kanchanprava Devi signed the agreement on 15 October 1949 permitting the government to merge the province with independent India. On 1 July 1963, Tripura became a centrally administered Union Territory and attained the status of full-fledged state on 21 January 1972. Agartala was named as the capital of Tripura.[7] The Agartala Municipality was established during the reign of Maharaja Bir Chandra Manikya (1862–1896) within an area of 3 square miles (8 km2) having a population of only 875 by a royal proclamation in the last part of 1871. Mr. A.W.S. Power, the first British political agent for Tipperah was also appointed as the Chairman of the Agartala Municipality in 1872 who held office from 1872–73. The municipality located at the crossing of Latitude N 23 –50' and Longitude E 91-17' covering 3 km2. Area during that period.[8]

Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur is called the founder of the planned city of Agartala. He had went for a tour in the United Kingdom and after returning to his kingdom he decided that he would make Agartala a mini UK that was During the 1940s when the town area was re-organised in a planned manner with new roads and a market building making a good comfort for the people.

The population of Agartala was 367,822 in 2004 after the municipal expansion[9] (189,327 in the 2001 census).[10]

From 1901 to 1971 the city remained in a negligible development progress with only an 8 km2 or area but from 1981 Agartala started to expand and increase its connectivity in various fields along with its city area with 58.84 km2, greater Agartala is planned as of 2011 with an additional of 92 km2. Agartala had a different type of history from the earlier times of the epic days as it was a princely state and was connected with Bangladesh once upon a time. Though the East India Company has not arrived in this princely capital of the state but they always remained in a certain in capturing and ruling. The East India Company had set their base of North East India in the Assam province with Shillong as their capital.

The Nobel laureate Indian (Bengali) poet Rabindranath Tagore or Robindronath Thakur visited the city more than once and also built a house that still exists. The historical book Rajamal contains all incidents and the historal stories of Agartala.

Geography and climate[edit]

Agartala
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
9.1
 
26
10
 
 
20
 
29
13
 
 
59
 
33
19
 
 
182
 
34
22
 
 
316
 
33
24
 
 
455
 
32
25
 
 
386
 
31
25
 
 
313
 
32
25
 
 
225
 
32
24
 
 
165
 
31
22
 
 
40
 
29
17
 
 
8.4
 
26
11
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: IMD

Agartala is situated in a plain along the Haora River, though the city also extends to the low lying hills on its northern parts.

Agartala has a monsoon influenced humid subtropical climate with large amounts of rain almost all year. The city experiences long, hot and wet summers, lasting from April to October. Average temperatures are around 28 °C (82 °F), fluctuating with rainfall. There is a short, mild winter from mid-November to early March, with mostly dry conditions and average temperatures around 18 °C (64 °F). The best time to visit is from September to February. Summers are quite long and is extremely hot with a scorching sun and warm day. As mentioned rain is very common in the zone with[11](subscription required) and the city sometime remains or can be found flooded in the rainy season. The river Haora flows through the city and remains flooded with water during the time of monsoon.[12][13]

Climate data for Agartala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.9
(89.4)
35.1
(95.2)
38.9
(102)
41.5
(106.7)
42.2
(108)
40.2
(104.4)
37.7
(99.9)
36.4
(97.5)
36.1
(97)
38.2
(100.8)
34.2
(93.6)
33.1
(91.6)
42.2
(108)
Average high °C (°F) 25.7
(78.3)
28.5
(83.3)
32.9
(91.2)
34.2
(93.6)
32.9
(91.2)
31.5
(88.7)
31.3
(88.3)
31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.1)
30.9
(87.6)
29.0
(84.2)
26.4
(79.5)
30.5
(86.9)
Average low °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
13.1
(55.6)
18.6
(65.5)
22.3
(72.1)
23.6
(74.5)
24.5
(76.1)
24.7
(76.5)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
22.0
(71.6)
16.5
(61.7)
11.1
(52)
19.6
(67.3)
Record low °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
4.7
(40.5)
9.4
(48.9)
13.2
(55.8)
16.1
(61)
18.9
(66)
21.2
(70.2)
20.0
(68)
20.0
(68)
14.6
(58.3)
9.2
(48.6)
2.0
(35.6)
2.0
(35.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 9.1
(0.358)
19.7
(0.776)
59.0
(2.323)
182.1
(7.169)
316.4
(12.457)
455.3
(17.925)
385.8
(15.189)
312.8
(12.315)
224.8
(8.85)
165.2
(6.504)
40.0
(1.575)
8.4
(0.331)
2,178.6
(85.772)
Avg. precipitation days 0.7 1.7 3.3 7.8 11.4 17.4 16.4 16.4 11.8 7.3 2.0 0.3 96.5
Source: India Meteorological Department (Period 1951–1980, record high and low up to 2010)[14][15]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 Indian census,[3] In education section, total literates in Agartala city are 343,633 of which 174,524 are males while 169,109 are females. Average literacy rate of Agartala city is 93.88 percent of which male and female literacy was 95.75 and 92.02 percent respectively. The sex ratio of Agartala city is 1002 per 1000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 940 per 1000 boys.

In 1941 Agartala had a population of 17,693.[16] By 1991 the population had risen to 157,358.[17] Bengali, the official state language, is the dominant language in Agartala while English is also a popular language in the state, kokborok is spoken by the Tripuri people. According to the 2001 census, 87.70% of the population is Hindu, 8.27% Muslim, 1.88% Christian, and 1.90% Buddhist. The remainder of the population includes Sikhs, Jains, and other religions; 0.15%. The city mainly consists of Bengalis and Tripuris. Bengali is widely spoken in the city as a result of the erstwhile regal patronage and high influx of Bengalis from Comilla, Sylhet, Noakhali, Chittagong districts of Bangladesh. Durga Puja and Saraswati puja are celebrated with great grandeur and ecstatic enthusiasm, which reflect the influence of the culture of the Bengalis. The inter-cultural, inter-communal integrity is rather wonderful. Hence, nearly every festivity attracts participation from citizens of diverse and vibrant backgrounds.[18] There is also a growing population of the native Tripuri people in the city. Among the native Tripuri festivals, the most famous are Kharchi,Garia & Ker festivals and Tring, the Tripuri New year celebrations. The major areas where the native Tripuri people live are in the localities of Abhoynagar, Banamalipur, Krishnanagar, Nandannagar and Kunjaban areas who have recently started to mass migrate to Agartala from other parts of Tripura.[19]

Others include Sikhs, Jains & Other religions (0.10%)
Religion in Agartala[20]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
  
87.70%
Islam
  
8.27%
Christian
  
1.88%
Buddhist
  
1.90%
Others
  
0.15%
Aerial view of agartala, mainly showing the parts of Ramnagar and the ICP or Integrated Check Post(white landmark) beyond that point is the Indo-Bangla border showing the territory of Bangladesh(paddy field)
Year Population Area
1901 6,415 3 square miles (8 km2)
1911 6,831 3 square miles (8 km2)
1921 7,743 3 square miles (8 km2)
1931 9,580 3 square miles (8 km2)
1941 17,693 3 square miles (8 km2)
1951 42,595 3 square miles (8 km2)
1961 54,878 3 square miles (8 km2)
1971 100,264 3 square miles (8 km2)
1981 132,186 10.94 km2
1991 157,358 15.81 km2
2001 188,540 16.02 km2
2004 367,822 58.84 km2
2011 399,688 58.84 km2
2013 438,408 76.504 km2 (Greater Agartala Planning Area: 512,264 and 92 km2)

As seen clearly from 1901, Agartala was once a very backward and had a rural climate of land. Literacy was almost to nil, with only an 8 km sq of land piece as a city part Agartala was in no doubt as one of the lacking places in the entire sub-continent. But after the establishment of the AMC things began to change in a pretty smooth way. As it is of now the present area of the land is 58 km2 and an additional area of 92 km sq. It is believed to have the fastest one of the fastest development State in Northeast India besides poverty, limited literacy in some remote areas, etc. still remains a big challenge in here. Govt is trying to establish a better zone and a good education facility for all.

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Agartala city consists of many Paras, which means "locality" in Bengali. Each collections of neighbourhood or para is usually a municipal ward or division also.

Agartala town hall
Big Bazaar along with ML Plaza shopping mall
Ujjayanta Market formerly was known as Indira Book market and Tulsibati market

Localities[edit]

Neighbourhoods of the city include:

  • Banamalipur-One of the important areas in the state, mainly comprising localities and also an important business center, its a party of the main urban Agartala which falls under Agartala post office following with pin as 799001
  • Dhaleswar- a locality in the state close to Banamalipur, its under the East police station and Dhaleshwar post office, pin is under this region 799007
  • Pratapgar
  • Math Chowmuhani
  • Kashari Patti
  • Ker Chowhamani
  • Kaman Chowhmuni- The most important place and a part of the heart of the city. The name Kaman Chowhmuni derived from the Bengali word Kaman meaning Tank. It so happened when the king of Tripura defeated the Arakhan soldiers in a battle and forfeited their tank and later it was set up in this place by which its name is been derived. The place along with its object is a unique icon of Agartala.
  • Krishnanagar
  • Radha Nagar
  • Shibnagar
  • Ramnagar- Its the most dense locality in Tripura. The rectangular Gridiron network of Ramnagar dated from the rules of the Rajas, one of the earliest planned neighbourhood in the city. There are 12 division in this area lots of clubs are present here which conducts Durga puja.
  • Joynagar- Another locality in Agartala, It has 6 lanes. There a 4 clubs conduction Durga puja. The closest landmark of Joynager is Battala market one of the important business hub in the State
  • Abhoynagar
  • Arundhutinagar
  • Gol Bazar- It is the most important business hub as well as the biggest market in the state of Tripura. Products are exported to many Indian cities form this zone. The market was Established by the king of Tripura before India's independence.
  • Gurkha Basti
  • Kunjaban- It is a census town in west Tripura district, which mainly includes government buildings and localities. The secretariat is located in this area
  • College Tilla- It consists of the historic Maharaja Bir Bikram College which was set up by Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya in 1947. It is surrounded by some localities and quarter complexes of many government employees.
  • M.b.b club
  • Indranagar
  • Bholagiri
  • Arundhuti Nagar
  • Bhati Abhoynagar
  • 79 Tilla- Its another important part of Agartala with major offices such as the BSNL Office,Electric office,Geological Survey office and Quarters, and the AG Quarters.It is located 2.5 km approx from the heart of the city.
  • New Capital Complex
  • GB Bazar- Its another important market of this state which is located 2 km approx from the heart of the city.
  • Amtali
  • Badhar Ghat
  • College Tilla
  • Jagaharimura
  • Lake Chowmuni
  • Advisor Chowmuhani
  • Ganaraj Chowmuni
  • Durjoynagar
  • Bardowali
  • Battala- The commercial point of the city, it is often called Bottala in Bengali. Very good of electrical products also known as the electronics market of Agartala. Products are imported from abroad and also the cheapest variety of cloths and accessories are found, besides battala also has a strong point of food market and it is the 2nd biggest market of Tripura after Gol Bazar
  • Melarmath- One of the most important part of the city and also the Business hub center of the city of Agartala, the City Center is located in that zone also other important landmark can be found.
  • Khayerpur etc.
  • Chandrapur

These areas are subdivided into residential blocks, such as Banamalipur which is divided into North Banamalipur, Madhya Banamlipur, South Banamalipur, etc.


From 2004 the Agartala Municipal Council has been further extended, taking 16 Grams of Dukli R. D. Block, seven Grams of Mohanpur R. D. Block and two Grams of Jirania R. D. Block with area of 43 km2. and 178,495 population in addition to the 16 km2 and population of 200,000 in 2001 census.[21][22]

City administration[edit]

The Agartala city is managed by the Agartala Municipal Corporation, AMC, which divides the city into wards. Each ward has an elected ward representative or municipal councillor. For postal administration the city is divided into postal zones. Municipal wards and their locations are as of below in table.

Ward No. Para/location
1 Mulla Para, Bitter Ban, Bhati Abhoynagar, Radhanagar
2 Kunjaban Colony, Ujan Abhoynagar, Sukanta Palli
3 79 Tilla,Shyamali Bazaar, Jagatpur, G.B. Kumari Tilla, Indranagar
4 Dhaleswar Nutan Palli, Dhaleswar (Part), Chandrapur (Part)
5 Uttar Banamalipur
6 Krishnanagar(Part), Banerjee Para, Batkhara Office, Lake Chowmuhani
7 Krishnanagar (West & South)
8 Ranjit Nagar, Kalikapur, Rampur, Joynagar (W), Joypur, Ramnagar (North)
9 Ramnagar (Part), Joynagar (Purba & Madhya)
10 Ramnagar (South), West Joynagar
11 Police Quarter Complex, M.B. Tilla, Surjya Para, Mission area, Barman Tilla
12 Bhattapukur, Sardar Pukur, Milan Sangha, Bardowali, Kabiraj Tilla, Madhya Para
13 Melarmath, Battala, Gandhighat, Town Bardowali, Master Para, Rabindra Palli, Office lane
14 Dim Sagar, Palace Compound, Banamalipur (Part), Santi Para, Khosh Bagan, M.G. Bazar, Madhya Para, Gangail, Krishnagar South
15 College Tilla (Part), Jagahari Mura, Town Paratapgarh
16 Shibnagar (Part), Banamalipur (Part), College Tilla (Part)
17 Shibnagar (East), Dhaleswar(Part), College Tilla (Part)

Politics[edit]

On 1 November 1956, Tripura became a Union Territory and an Advisory Committee was formed to advise the Chief Commissioner. On 15 August 1957, a Territorial Council was formed with 30 elected members and two members nominated by the Government of India. On 1 July 1963, the Tripura Territorial Council was dissolved and a Legislative Assembly with the existing members of the Territorial Council was formed. Tripura is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature it shares with other Indian states. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. The Tripura government has three branches: executive, legislature and judiciary. The Tripura Legislative Assembly consists of elected members and special office bearers that are elected by the members. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in case of Speaker's absence. The Assembly is unicameral with 60 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA).[23] Agartala assembly constituency is part of Tripura West.[24] Agartala has always been in a ripen fruit to all the political parties and as a result clashes between Communist Party of India (Marxist) and Indian National Congress has always been a common thing to see. After the independence of India in 1947 Tripura was still a princely state. After death of the last king Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya on 17 May 1947, a Regency Council was formed headed by Maharani Kanchan Prava Devi, for aid of the minor Prince, Kirit Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur. The regent signed the merger agreement with the Government of India. After merger Tripura became a Part 'C' State. On reorganisation of the states, effected in November 1956, Tripura became a Union Territory with an Advisory Committee to aid and advise the Chief Commissioner. Tripura gained its state hood on 21 January 1972 before that but merging with India in 1949 the first chief minister of the state was in 1 July 1963, Sachindra Lal Singh of the Indian National Congress, he was the CM of the state for around 3046 days. From 5 January 1978 the rule of the congress came to an end as Nripen Chakraborty became the first Communist chief minister of Tripura. Later again the communist fell an the INC rose and was in power till 1992, from 1993 again CPI(M) came to power and is continuing till now. Manik Sarkar is the current CM of the state from 11 March 1998 Agartala is administered by several government agencies. The Agartala Municipal Council, or AMC, oversees and manages the civic infrastructure of the city which together encompass 35 wards. Each ward elects a councillor to the AMC. Each borough has a committee of councillors, each of whom is elected to represent a ward. By means of the borough committees, the council undertakes urban planning and maintains roads, government-aided schools, hospitals, and municipal markets.

Economy[edit]

Integrated Border Check Post at Akhuara

The city is the state capital. Most of the population is employed in the state and central government, and other government owned enterprises. Since liberalisation in the early nineties the economy of India has seen tremendous growth which was not stalled even by the dot com bubble burst in 2000 and the recession of 2009. But the economy of Agartala has not been developing in tandem with the economy of the country till the year 2000. The development has been quite slow; though lot of consumer brands in telecom and retail have entered Tripura but that would be mainly because the markets in tier 1 and tier 2 cities have saturated and they are looking for new territories to expand their business. Entry of MNCs and the rise of Indian giants have provided the perennially cash starved middle class with higher disposable income, but Agartala seems to have not benefited much from it. There are handful of private companies in the state so majority of the people have govt. So the population with high disposable income is quite low in the state. The young population between the age group of 23–40 are major spendthrifts; they also constitute the major part of the Indian population. NIT, Tripura Medical College, MBB College, Tripura University etc. are few good and prominent colleges in the state in which students find better than the other colleges in the state, a major chunk again leaves for job in the big metros of India.

Agartala City Centre

We all know that the economy develops when the spending of the population increases, this was the reason behind the booming of American, Japanese or Korean economy. Even the Indian cities like Mohali, Surat, Coimbatore etc. sees high consumer spending and are doing good. The buying pattern of the consumers of Agartala had evolved quite a lot after the expansion of the city and the rise in population; earlier the major buying took place once a year i.e., during Durga puja while the rest of the year buying took place only for occasions like marriage, birthday etc. but nowadays shopping has become a fashion to everyone in Agartala, the opening of the city center, malls, etc. had increased the demand of purchasing goods to the people here. The buying is decided and the instances of impulse buying are moderately high as compared to the past decades. The retail space of Agartala before was that it didn't encourage much of impulse buying. The shopping malls are major places of hang out for both young and old, lot of people of who go to malls to do window shopping and pass some time end up buying something. The city centre at Agartala is a substitute for a mall, another is the Battala super market which is also one of the main hub of markets of Tripura. Brands like Titan, Titan Eye +, Fastrack, Reebok, John Player, Lee, adidas, Puma, Nike, Levis had opened and are moderately good here. The people of Agartala have high aspiration the reflection of which we can see in the buying pattern of cell phones and two-wheelers. The retail brands have to just educate the consumer about themselves; they have to incentivise them to spend more than the planned shoppings.[25]

Public sector[edit]

Major PSUs in Agartala are:

The major commodities exported from Agartala are tea, rubber, bamboo stick & Agarbatti, Bamboo Handicrafts and gas/LPG.

Culture[edit]

Laxmi Narayan Bari temple in the Palace Compound
Universal Prayer Hall, Ramakrishna Mission, Agartala

Agartala has got a mixed type of religion and is similar as compared to the other states of India.[26] Hinduism is the dominant religion and there are many temples across the city. The Durga Puja season is generally the busiest time of the year and one can then experience the richness of Indian cultural extravaganza. Agartala is also known for its tribal festivals like Kharchi, and Garia Puja.[27]

Temples Some prominent temples are:

Mosques

  • Gedu Miyar Masjid

Monasteries

  • Benuban Bihar, Kunjaban

Churches

Catholic Church of Nandangagar parish, Don Bosco
  • Agartala Baptist Church, Arundhutinagar, the oldest church in Agartala
  • Agartala City Baptist Church, Supari Bagan
  • Khakotor Baptist Church, Abhoynagar
  • Capital Baptist Church, Gurkha Basti
  • Capital Baptist Church, Nandannagar
  • Palace Baptist Church, Palace Compound
  • Aguli Baptist Church, Bidhurkarta Chowmuhani
  • Noyung Baptist Church, Haradhan Sangha
  • St. Joseph's Catholic Church, Durjoynagar[28]
  • Don Bosco Catholic Church, Nandannagar
  • Catholic Church, Mariamnagar, the first Christian community in Tripura[29]
  • Presbyterian Church, Shyamali Bazaar

Connectivity[edit]

Airport[edit]

Agartala Airport Departure Terminal
Entrance gate of the airport

Agartala is connected by air, via Agartala Airport which connects it to other cities in India. There are direct flight connections to Kolkata, Imphal, Delhi, Silchar, Aizwal, Guwahati, Bangalore, Chennai, Ahmedabad and Mumbai. Agartala airport is the second busiest airport in north east India after Guwahati. The airport is located in Singerbhil 12.5 km (6.7 nautical miles) northwest from the heart of the city of Agartala. The major airlines are Air India, Jet Airways (Operating Codeshare and Konnect Flights), IndiGo and SpiceJet.

Planning is going on to upgrade the Airport building with better facilities & modern equipments along with more apron, expansion of runway better CAT and navigation system[30]

Roads[edit]

National Highway 44 connects Agartala to Assam and the rest of India by road, also known as the lifeline of Tripura. The highways (NH44, NH 44A) connects Agartala with Silchar (317 km), Guwahati (599 km), Shillong (499 km), Dharmanagar (200 km) and Aizawl (443 km). A bus service connects it to Dhaka (150 km).

Agartala is well connected by road to other parts of Tripura state. National Highway 44 has been extended to the south, thus improving the road connectivity between Agartala and south Tripura. Buses, Jeeps, Trekkers and SUVs are the most popular public carriers, and cars and vans are usually used for private hire.

The main mode of transport within the city consists of a network of cycle rickshaws, auto rickshaws and buses.

Railways[edit]

Agartala has been connected to other cities in India since June 2008 through Agartala Railway Station. The foundation stone for the 119 km Kumarghat-Agartala railway project was laid in 1996 by former prime minister H D Deve Gowda.

Agartala railway station
Agartala railway station

Agartala is the second capital city (after Guwahati, Assam) in the northeast to be connected to the country's railway network. The railway station is located approximately 5.5 km (2.96 nautical miles) from the heart of the city and a lot of modes of transportation are available to reach the city from the station. The lines connect from Lumding with a meter gauge track to Agartala and is almost in its way for a connection towards the extreme end point of the state to sabroom. There are total 14 stations in Tripura with Churaibari being the last one. Total length of track in this state is 153 km (appx) following of which the territory of Assam starts.

Future plans are thought of to expand the station and build more tracks, which will increase the traffic and passenger capacity, and set up a completely new broadguage track for faster trains and more comfortable journey.

Broad-gauge conversion work in the Lumding-Silchar segment would be completed by March, 2015. Gauge conversion work till Agartala is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2015. During the laying of rail lines from Kumarghat to Agartala, provisions were kept for swiftly converting it to broad gauge.

A rail link between Agartala and Akhaura in Bangladesh was approved by the Government of India in September 2011.[31] IRCON is constructing this 15 km long track that will directly connect northeast India to Chittagong international sea port. The construction would begin in 2015.[32]

Communications[edit]

Radio stations[edit]

All India Radio, Agartala Station

Television[edit]

Doordarshan (DD) has a television station in Agartala. Akash Tripura is one of the 1st television channel in Agartala. It is a full-time Agartala-based news channel. Other full-time based channels are Headlines Tripura,[33] News Vanguard, Awaaz.

Khabar 365 din,only one satellite channel in the state. There are other cable channels like- Hallabol, T.TV, Sristi Tripura, Sristi music, sristi Bangla, sristi cinema, CITI, News all India, Tripura pratidin etc. etc. which are not 24 hours channel and are run by Siti & Sristi Cable networks.[34]

Newspapers[edit]

Bengali-language media is dominant in the city. Major news publications are:

Education[edit]

Universities[edit]

Tripura University- A Central University

ICFAI University, Tripura

IGNOU Center, MBB College

Sikkim Manipal University Agartala Center

National Institute of Technology Agartala

Colleges[edit]

# General Degree Colleges-

# Technical Colleges-

Auditorium of NIT Agartala

# Medical and Nursing Colleges-

AGMC Main Academic Building at Night
  • Agartala Government Medical College
  • Tripura Medical College & Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Memorial Teaching Hospitlal, Agartala
  • Regional Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences And Technology(RIPSAT), Abhoynagar
  • Tripura Institute of Para-Medical Sciences, Amtali
  • College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry (R K Nagar)
  • Institute of Nursing Science
  • Tripura College of Nursing
  • Govt tie up national college-
  • Aditya institutions (www.adityaedu.net), Karnataka
  • RR Institutions[Bangalore]

# Other Professional Colleges-

  • Tripura Government Law College
  • Institute of Advance Studies in Education
  • Bhavan's Tripura College of Teacher Education

# Colleges for Arts & Music-

  • Sachin Deb Barman Memorial Govt. Music College
  • Govt. College of Art & Craft
  • Tripura Tribal Folk Music College (Khumlung)

Prominent Schools[edit]

Umakanta Academy

Sports[edit]

Swami Vivekananda Maidan, Agartala

Tripura is an important state in the North East India regarding sports, many sports and games are played. Cricket is the most important sport in the state side by side football also has an important role.

Football[edit]

There are lots of football fans present here. UK mini stadium is an important venue for this game. Favourite is football with its own city football league with clubs from the neighbourhoods and localities. The main football stadiums are the Badarghat Stadium and the Umakanta Academy Mini-Stadium.

Cricket[edit]

While in terms of cricket Tripura has a state team which plays under Tripura Cricket Association in the Eastern division of the Ranji Trophy Championship, the national cricket competition of India. Cricket is widely played in Maharaja Bir Bikram College Stadium and Narshingar Cricket Ground.

Stadiums[edit]

The following are the stadiums in Agartala-:

  • Swami Vivekananda Stadium - It is another multi-purpose stadium in the capital city of Tripura in Agartala. Located around 2 km away from the city center, the stadium has a sitting capacity around 8000 including a grand stand and press gallery. The area of the inner ground is 7350 sqm. Considered as the most highly modernizer and the best stadium in entire Northeast India[36]

Tourism[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Ujjayanta Palace as seen from Laxmi Narayan Bari
  • Ujjayanta Palace – Palace of the Tripura kings, was converted to state legislative assembly & now into a museum, situated in the area of Palace Compound is one of the eye catching attraction in the state. Its a former royal palace in Agartala, the capital of the Indian state of Tripura, and also served as the meeting place of the Tripura Legislative Assembly until 2011. The area has decoded from the ruling landmark of the kings to the citizens. Ujjayanta Palace is a tourist attraction of Agartala, and tours are conducted by the Tripura Tourism Department. The name Ujjayanta Palace was given by the famous port Rabindranath Tagore, the famous poet visited the state of Tripura quite a certain amount of times, he had a different heart for this kingdom and loved it a lot. Maharaja Bir Bikram was the last king of Tripura who ruled the state and was also the last king who stayed in his house in the palace.
  • Jagannath temple — Hindu temple of Vaishnava school of thought. It has now been transformed into a museum named Ujjayanta Museum and it was inaugurated by Dr. Hamid Ansari, The Vice President of India
  • Umamaheswar temple — Hindu temple of Shaiva and Shakti(durga).
  • Venuban Buddha Vihar - Distance of around 2 km inside the city of Agartala from the City center is located the Venuban Vihar where a Buddha shrine houses a metal idol of Lord Buddha. The idol was primitively created in Burma and was later transported to Venuban Vihar for installment into this shrine. The function of Buddha Poornima is yearly celebrated with full color and fervor. The solemnizations are followed by a large fair.[37]
  • Krishna Mandir
  • Puratan Agartala (Old Agartala)
  • Malancha Niwas- Kabiguru Rabindranath Tagore, the first Asian Nobel Laurete had stayed here during his visit to Tripura.
  • Rose Valley Amusement Park, Amtali
  • Agartala City Centre – The main hub point in the city, located in Paradise Chowmuhuni carries a lot of attraction in the capital
  • Agartala Secretariat – Located approx 3 km from the heart of the city is indeed a splendid to watch the biggest Government building in Northeast India.

Parks[edit]

Main gate of the Heritage park
  • Rabindra Kanan
  • Children's Park
  • Nehru Park
  • Kishans park
  • Rose valley park
  • Heritage Park

Museums[edit]

  • Tripura State Museum is located at the Ujjayanta Palace.
  • Science Museum, located in Sukanta Academy
  • Haveli Museum, located in Kashipur

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://agartalacity.tripura.gov.in/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ a b "The first news, views & information website of TRIPURA". Tripurainfo. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  3. ^ a b "Agartala City Population Census 2011 | Tripura". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ "UQconnect, The University of Queensland". Uq.net.au. Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  6. ^ Agartala The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 5, p. 70.
  7. ^ "History Of Agartala - Agartala History". Iloveindia.com. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  8. ^ "Agartala Municipal Council". Agartalacity.nic.in. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  9. ^ Agartala Municipality Statistics, provided by the AMC(Agartala Municipal Council) at the Government of Tripura website[dead link]
  10. ^ Indian Census Archived 12 May 2008 at WebCite
  11. ^ "Hurricane Risk Landfall Options". Weatherinfo.com. Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  12. ^ "Agartala, India Weather Forecast from Weather Underground". Wunderground.com. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  13. ^ "About India, India Travel Guide, Holiday Packages, Tour & Travel Packages". Mustseeindia.com. Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  14. ^ "Agartala Climatological Table, Period: 1961–1990". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures upto 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  16. ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazeteer. p. 18
  17. ^ Cohen, Saul B., ed. Columbia Gazeteer of the World (New York: Columbia University Press, 1998) p. 26
  18. ^ "Travel Guide for South Asia: India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Maldives". Travelomy. Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  19. ^ "Agartala". Triposo.com. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  20. ^ "Census of India – Socio-cultural aspects". Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  21. ^ Agartala Municipality Statistics[dead link]
  22. ^ Agartala Statistics and future outlook[dead link]
  23. ^ "Tripura Legislative Assembly". Legislative Bodies in India. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 21 April 2007. 
  24. ^ "Assembly Constituencies — Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Tripura. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 8 October 2008. 
  25. ^ "A Perspective on Economy of Agartala". The Tripura Foundation. 2011-05-17. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  26. ^ "Culture in Agartala|Agartala Place of Visit". Travel.sulekha.com. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  27. ^ "Agartala Travel Information: Agartala Travel Guide, Agartala Sightseeing, Agartala Distances, Agartala Climate". TravelMarg.com. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  28. ^ "Diocese of Agartala". Agartaladiocese.org. Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  29. ^ "Mariamnagar". Donboscosilchar.org. 2011-11-18. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  30. ^ [2][dead link]
  31. ^ "India approves new railway link with Bangladesh". TwoCircles.net. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  32. ^ "Work on Agartala-Akhaurah railway line to begin in 2015". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  33. ^ http://www.headlinestripura.net
  34. ^ http://www.sristicabletv.com/
  35. ^ Ramakrishna Mission School
  36. ^ "Welcome to Tripura Infoway". Tripurainfoway.com. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  37. ^ http://www.99mustsee.com/India/Venuban-Vihar-Agartala-Tripura-Attractions-5003
  38. ^ a b "S.D.Burman". Music Director. 
  39. ^ "S.D.Burman". Music Director. 
  40. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/entertainment/hindi/bollywood/news/Govinda-is-a-delight-for-the-director-David-Dhawan/articleshow/19322624.cms
  41. ^ Chakraborty, Tanusree (4 September 2011). "northeast-girl-makes-it-big-in-bollywood". The Shillong Times. Retrieved 4 September 2011. 
  42. ^ "Reema Debnath". Actress. 
  43. ^ http://www.gomolo.com/arundhati-hom-chowdhury-biography/115/618980
  44. ^ Bengal Film Journalists' Association – Best Female Playback Award
  45. ^ http://www.ndtv.com/article/people/bronze-winning-indian-gymnast-dipa-karmakar-toast-of-tripura-570455
  46. ^ Dipa Karmakar

External links[edit]