Agenor, son of Antenor

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Agenor[pronunciation?] (Ancient Greek: Ἀγήνωρ), son of Antenor and Theano,[1] was a Trojan soldier in the Iliad of Homer.[2] One of their leaders in the attack upon the fortifications of the Greeks,[3] he was the Trojan with the first kill on the Trojan side, when he killed Elephenor, one of the Euboean leaders. Later on, during the Trojan assault on the Achaean ships, he helped to heal a battle wound inflicted upon Helenus.

When Achilles was routing the entire Trojan army, Agenor was the first Trojan to collect his wits and stop fleeing from Achilles' rampage.[4] Agenor felt ashamed that he was fleeing from a man who was supposedly just as mortal as anyone so he turned to face Achilles. As the Greek hero approached Agenor the latter threw his spear at him, but only hit Achilles' greaves. After that Achilles sprang at Agenor, but at that moment Apollo carried the Trojan away in a veil of mist to keep Achilles from pursuing him, while Apollo took the form of Agenor to lead Achilles away from the Trojans. This act allowed all the Trojans (except Hector) to take cover behind the walls of Troy.

Agenor killed two people in the war.[5]

According to Pausanias,[6] Agenor was killed by Achilles' son Neoptolemus when the Achaeans were storming Troy through the Trojan Horse ruse.

His picture appears in the great painting in the Lesche of Delphi, by Polygnotus.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Homer, Iliad xi. 59, vi. 297
  2. ^ a b Schmitz, Leonhard (1867), "Agenor (6)", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology 1, Boston: Little, Brown and Company, p. 68 
  3. ^ Homer, Iliad iv. 467, xii. 93, xiv. 425
  4. ^ Homer, Iliad xxi. 570
  5. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 115.
  6. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece x. 27. § 1