Agenor, son of Antenor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses of this name, see Agenor (disambiguation).

Agenor (Ancient Greek: Ἀγήνωρ), son of Antenor and Theano,[1] [2] [3] was a Trojan soldier in the Iliad of Homer.[4] One of their leaders in the attack upon the fortifications of the Greeks,[5] he was the Trojan with the first kill on the Trojan side, when he killed Elephenor, one of the Euboean leaders. Later on, during the Trojan assault on the Achaean ships, he helped to heal a battle wound inflicted upon Helenus.

When Achilles was routing the entire Trojan army, Agenor was the first Trojan to collect his wits and stop fleeing from Achilles' rampage.[6] Agenor felt ashamed that he was fleeing from a man who was supposedly just as mortal as anyone so he turned to face Achilles. As the Greek hero approached Agenor the latter threw his spear at him, but only hit Achilles' greaves. After that Achilles sprang at Agenor, but at that moment Apollo carried the Trojan away in a veil of mist to keep Achilles from pursuing him, while Apollo took the form of Agenor to lead Achilles away from the Trojans. [7] [8] This act allowed all the Trojans (except Hector) to take cover behind the walls of Troy.

Agenor killed two people in the war.[9]

According to Pausanias,[10] Agenor was killed by Achilles' son Neoptolemus when the Achaeans were storming Troy through the Trojan Horse ruse.

His picture appears in the great painting in the Lesche of Delphi, by Polygnotus.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Homer, Iliad xi. 59, vi. 297
  2. ^ Homerus Epic., Ilias Book 11, line 59 > Τρῶες δ' αὖθ' ἑτέρωθεν ἐπὶ θρωσμῷ πεδίοιο Ἕκτορά τ' ἀμφὶ μέγαν καὶ ἀμύμονα Πουλυδάμαντα Αἰνείαν θ', ὃς Τρωσὶ θεὸς ὣς τίετο δήμῳ, τρεῖς τ' Ἀντηνορίδας Πόλυβον καὶ Ἀγήνορα δῖον ἠΐθεόν τ' Ἀκάμαντ' ἐπιείκελον ἀθανάτοισιν.
  3. ^ Homerus Epic., Ilias Book 6, line 297 Αἳ δ' ὅτε νηὸν ἵκανον Ἀθήνης ἐν πόλει ἄκρῃ, τῇσι θύρας ὤϊξε Θεανὼ καλλιπάρῃος Κισσηῒς ἄλοχος Ἀντήνορος ἱπποδάμοιο· τὴν γὰρ Τρῶες ἔθηκαν Ἀθηναίης ἱέρειαν.
  4. ^ a b Schmitz, Leonhard (1867), "Agenor (6)", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology 1, Boston: Little, Brown and Company, p. 68 
  5. ^ Homer, Iliad iv. 467, xii. 93, xiv. 425
  6. ^ Homer, Iliad xxi. 570
  7. ^ Homerus Epic., Ilias Book 7, line 83 εἰ δέ κ' ἐγὼ τὸν ἕλω, δώῃ δέ μοι εὖχος Ἀπόλλων, > τεύχεα σύλησας οἴσω προτὶ Ἴλιον ἱρήν, καὶ κρεμόω προτὶ νηὸν Ἀπόλλωνος ἑκάτοιο, τὸν δὲ νέκυν ἐπὶ νῆας ἐϋσσέλμους ἀποδώσω, ὄφρά ἑ ταρχύσωσι κάρη κομόωντες Ἀχαιοί, > σῆμά τέ οἱ χεύωσιν ἐπὶ πλατεῖ Ἑλλησπόντῳ.
  8. ^ Homerus Epic., Ilias Book 21, line 545 > Ἔνθά κεν ὑψίπυλον Τροίην ἕλον υἷες Ἀχαιῶν, εἰ μὴ Ἀπόλλων Φοῖβος Ἀγήνορα δῖον ἀνῆκε φῶτ' Ἀντήνορος υἱὸν ἀμύμονά τε κρατερόν τε. ἐν μέν οἱ κραδίῃ θάρσος βάλε, πὰρ δέ οἱ αὐτὸς ἔστη, ὅπως θανάτοιο βαρείας χεῖρας ἀλάλκοι φηγῷ κεκλιμένος· κεκάλυπτο δ' ἄρ' ἠέρι πολλῇ.
  9. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 115.
  10. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece x. 27. § 1

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.