Agent-General

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An Agent-General was the representative in the United Kingdom of the government of a British colony in Jamaica, Nigeria, Canada, South Africa, Australia or New Zealand and subsequently, of a Nigerian Region, Canadian Province or an Australian State in the United Kingdom. Nigeria, Australia and Canada's federal governments were represented by High Commissions.

Starting in 1886 Canadian provinces and the federal government also appointed agents general to Paris. The first, Hector Fabre, was dispatched by the province of Quebec but was asked by the federal government to represent all of Canada. He and his successor, Philippe Roy, continued to represent both Quebec City and Ottawa in France until 1912 when the federal government asked Roy to resign his Quebec position to avoid conflicts of interest.

Following a military coup in Nigeria in 1966, the federal system was abolished, and the posts of the Agent-General of Nigerian Regions in London were subsumed in the Nigerian High Commission.

By the 1990s, some Australian state governments regarded the office of their Agent-General in London as a costly anachronism, even for promoting tourism and investment, and have since been closed and subsumed into the Australian High Commission, see List of High Commissioners of Australia to the United Kingdom. The majority of Australian States continue to have Agents General in London, but operate from Australia House rather than maintain separate premises.

Many Canadian provinces similarly are no longer represented by an Agent-General, although Quebec has a Government Office (Délégation Générale du Québec à Londres) in London.

List of Agents-General for New South Wales[edit]

The New South Wales Office in London was one of several overseas offices established to represent the states' interests in London. The London Office was established after the appointment of the first Agent-General on 1 May 1787. After 1932, the Agent-General's Office was abolished and replaced by the New South Wales Government Offices, London. The Agent-General's Office was re-established in 1937.

In September 1992, the position of NSW Agent-General in London was abolished by the Fahey government.[1] It was replaced by the NSW Government Trade and Investment Office, London, which had no diplomatic function, but focussed on the promotion of investment and trade in the UK and Europe.[2]

Agents-General Years
 ???? 1787–1864
William Colburn Mayne 1864–1871
Charles Cowper 1871–1875
William Forster 1876–1879
Alexander Stuart 1879–1880
Sir Daniel Cooper, Bt. 1880
Sir Saul Samuel 1880–1897
 ???? 1897–1899
Sir Julian Salomons 1899–1900
Henry Copeland 1900–1903
The Earl of Jersey 1903–1905
Sir Timothy Coghlan 1905–1915
Bernhard Wise 1915–1916
Sir Timothy Coghlan 1916–1917
Sir Charles Wade 1917–1919
David Hall 1920
Sir Timothy Coghlan 1920–1925
Sir Arthur Cocks 1925
The Viscount Chelmsford 1926–1927
Sir George Fuller 1928–1931
Albert Charles Willis 1931–1932
Office abolished 1932–1937
Albert Edward Heath 1937–1938
Clifford Henderson Hay 1938–1939
 ???? 1939–1946
Jack Tully 1946–1954
Francis Buckley 1954–1965
Abe Landa 1965–1970
Sir John Pagan 1970–1972
Sir Davis Hughes 1972–1975
Sir Ken McCaw 1975–1980
Jack Renshaw 1980–1983
Reginald F Watson 1983–1986
Kevin Stewart 1986–1988
Norman Brunsdon 1989–1991
Neil Pickard 1991–1992

List of Agents-General for Queensland[edit]

List of Agents-General for South Australia[edit]

  • Alfred Greenham (in 1959?)
  • Malcolm Pearce 1961–1966
  • Geoff Walls 1985?–1998
  • Maurice de Rohan 1998–2006
  • William Mortimer Muirhead 2007–present [1]

List of Agents-General for Tasmania[edit]

  • Hon. Adye Douglas (later Sir, Kt) 1886–1887
  • Sir Arthur Blyth (acting) 1887–1888
  • James Arndell Youl CMG (later Sir, KCMG) (acting) 1888
  • Hon. Edward Braddon (later Right Hon Sir, PC KCMG) 1888–1893
  • Sir Robert Herbert 1893–1896
  • Sir Andrew Clarke (acting) 1896
  • Sir Westby Perceval 1896–1898
  • Sir Andrew Clarke (acting) 1898–1899
  • Hon. Sir Philip Oakley Fysh, KCMG 1899–1901
  • Sir Andrew Clarke (acting) 1901
  • Hon. Alfred Dobson, CMG 1901–1908
  • Sir John McCall, KCMG, Kt 1909–1919
  • Alfred Henry Ashbolt (later Sir, Kt) 1919–1924
  • Lieut-Colonel R. Eccles Snowden (later Sir, Kt) 1924–1930
  • Darcy W. Addison, CMG, ISO, MVO 1930–1931
  • Herbert W. Ely, ISO (acting) 1931–1937
  • Hon. Sir Claude Ernest Weymouth James, Kt 1937–1950
  • Sir Eric E. von Bibra, Kt, OBE 1950–1958
  • Hon. Sir Alfred J White, Kt 1959–1971
  • Royce R. Neville 1971–1978
  • Hon. William A. Neilson, AC 1978–1981

List of Agents-General for Victoria[edit]

List of Agents-General for Western Australia[edit]

1910 Advertisement from WA Agent General

Agents-General for Natal[edit]

The Colony of Natal sent separate Agents-general until the Union of South Africa in 1910

Agent-General for Nigeria[edit]

The last Nigerian Agent-Generals in London were:

  • Northern Region-Baba Gana
  • Eastern Region-A. Ekukinam-Bassey
  • Western Region-
  • Mid-West Region-

Agent for Jamaica[edit]

source:Historic Jamaica [4]

  • 1664–1666: Sir James Modyford
  • 1682-?: Sir Charles Lyttelton
  • William Beeston
  • 1688: Ralph Knight
  • Gilbert Heathcote
  • 1693–1704: Bartholomew Gracedieu
  • 1714: P. Marsh
  • 1725: Alexander Stephenson
  • 1725–1726: Edward Charlton
  • 1728–1733: Charles de la Foy
  • 1733: John Gregory
  • 1733–1757: John Sharpe
  • 1757–1762: Lovell Stanhope (MP for Winchester)
  • 1764–1795: Stephen Fuller
  • 1795–1803: Robert Sewell
  • 1803–1812: Edmund Pusey Lyon
  • 1812–1831: George Hibbert
  • 1831–1845: William Burge
  • 1845 Office abolished

Agents General of Canada[edit]

to the United Kingdom
to France

Agent General of Alberta[edit]

Agent General of Ontario[edit]

to the United Kingdom
to France

Agent General of New Brunswick[edit]

Agent General of New Zealand[edit]

After 1905 the position of Agent-General was replaced by that of High Commissioner, see List of High Commissioners of New Zealand to the United Kingdom.

Other uses[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "New South Wales Agent-General In London". Hansard. Parliament of NSW. Retrieved 2013-10-17. 
  2. ^ "NSW Government Trade and Investment Office, London". Archives Investigator – Agency Detail. NSW Government State Records. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  3. ^ Spaull, Andrew. (1986). "McBride, Sir Peter (1867–1923)," Australian Dictionary of Biography. Vol. 10, pp 205–206; London Gazette, p. 10197. 22 October 1920.
  4. ^ "Historic Jamaica". Retrieved 2012-03-09. 
  5. ^ http://www.mountainviewcounty.com/media/docs/661103_Correspondence_with_Alberta_House.pdf
  6. ^ Heaton, John Henniker (1879). Australian Dictionary of Dates and Men of the Time. London: S. W. Silver & Co. part II. p.9. ISBN 978-0-7905-8264-1. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  7. ^ An 1897 article

References[edit]

External links[edit]