Agerolese

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Agerolese
Conservation status FAO (2007): endangered-maintained[1]
Country of origin Italy
Distribution
Standard MIPAAF
Use dairy
Traits
Weight Male: 600–650 kg[2]
  Female: 380–450 kg[2]
Height Male: 130–135 cm[2]
  Female: 120–123 cm[2]
Coat Cows brown, bulls almost black; both with pale dorsal stripe
Horn status horned
Cattle
Bos primigenius

The Agerolese is a breed of dairy cattle from the area of Agerola, in Campania in southern Italy. It is particularly associated with the Sorrento Peninsula and Monti Lattari.[3] It derives from cross-breeding of indigenous Podolica cattle with Italian Holstein-Friesian, Bruna Italiana and Jersey cattle. It is one of the sixteen minor Italian cattle breeds of limited diffusion recognised and protected by the Ministero delle Politiche Agricole Alimentari e Forestali, the Italian ministry of agriculture.[4]

History[edit]

The Agerolese derives from cross-breeding of indigenous grey Podolica cattle with a variety of imported breeds. The earliest such importation may have been by the Bourbon kings of Naples in the eighteenth century. In 1845 the adventurer and soldier General Paolo Avitabile returned from England to his native Agerola; it seems that he brought with him Jersey cattle, which were added to the local stock. Other later crosses have included Bretonne pie noir, Bruna Italiana and Frisona Italiana (Italian Friesian). The breed was officially recognised and named "Agerolese" in 1952, and the breed standard was approved in the same year. At that time the breed numbered 2760 head.[2]

A census of the breed completed on 1 January 2002 found a total of 200 head, of which 103 were adult (18 bulls and 85 cows). In 2007 the conservation status of the breed was reported by the FAO as "endangered-maintained".[1] At the end of 2012 a total population of 347 head was reported, including 18 breeding bulls and 252 breeding cows.[5]

Characteristics[edit]

Agerolese cows are brown, and bulls almost black; both have a pale dorsal stripe. The tip of the muzzle is whitish, the horns are of medium size.[3][4][2]

Height at the withers is 130–135 cm for males, 120–123 cm for females; weight is 600–650 kg for bulls, 380–450 kg for cows.[2]

Use[edit]

The milk yield of the Agerolese is about 2500 kg for primiparous and 3500 kg for pluriparous cows. Cows may give 20 l per day of milk with more than 3.5% fat. It is used to make butter and Italian cheeses such as Fior di Latte and Provolone del Monaco. This last has DOP status; it is made only in thirteen comuni of the province of Naples (Agerola, Casola di Napoli, Castellammare di Stabia, Gragnano, Lettere, Massa Lubrense, Meta, Piano di Sorrento, Pimonte, Sant'Agnello, Sorrento, Santa Maria la Carità and Vico Equense), and must contain a minimum of 20% Agerolese milk.[2][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Accessed May 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Daniele Bigi, Alessio Zanon (2008). Atlante delle razze autoctone: Bovini, equini, ovicaprini, suini allevati in Italia (in Italian). Milan: Edagricole. ISBN 9788850652594. p. 6–8.
  3. ^ a b Breed description: Agerose. Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, School of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, 1 March 2003. Archived 6 November 2008.
  4. ^ a b Norme Tecniche del Registro Anagrafico delle razze bovine autoctone a limitata diffusione (Appendix 2 to DM di approvazione del Disciplinare del 20/12/2011; in Italian). Associazione Italiana Allevatori. Accessed July 2013.
  5. ^ Quadro economico e Relazione attività 2012 (in Italian). Associazione Italiana Allevatori. p. 68. Accessed May 2014.
  6. ^ Breed data sheet: Agerolese/Italy. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed July 2013.