Agha Hashar Kashmiri

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Agha Hashar Kashmiri (3 April 1879 – 28 April 1935) was an eminent Urdu poet, playwright and dramatist who was called the "Shakespeare of Urdu"; a number of his plays were actually Indian Shakespearean adaptions.[1][2] His most remarkable plays are Sita Banbas, based on the Ramayana; Bilwa Mangal, a social play on the life of a poet with a passion for whores; Aankh ka Nasha (The Witchery of the Eyes) which deals with themes of treachery and the evils of prostitution; and Rustom O Sohrab, a Persian tragedy.[2][3] Several of his notable Shakespearan inspired plays are Safed Khoon (White Blood), based on King Lear and Khwab-e-Hasti (The Dream World of Existence) described as "a mutilated version of Macbeth".[3][4]


  1. ^ Khan, Abdul Jamil (30 August 2006). Urdu/Hindi: An Artificial Divide : African Heritage, Mesopotamian Roots, Indian Culture & Britiah Colonialism. Algora Publishing. p. 318. ISBN 978-0-87586-438-9. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Bilwa Mangal". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Hochman, Stanley (1 January 1984). McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of World Drama: An International Reference Work in 5 Volumes. VNR AG. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-07-079169-5. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Gāragī, Balawanta (1962). Theatre in India. Theatre Arts Books. p. 156. Retrieved 3 October 2012.