Agha Waqar's water-fuelled car

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Perpetual motion machine
Name Agha Waqar's water-fuelled car
Disciplines Physics and engineering
Core Tenets The device is designed to produce hydrogen and oxygen, from water using electricity, by a method other than simple water electrolysis.
Year Proposed 2012
Original Proponents Agha Waqar Ahmad
Theory violation Violation of the second law of thermodynamics
Claimed Deviance Water break-up by unconventional form of electrolysis

Agha Waqar Ahmed's water-kit is a technical design of an alleged "perpetual motion machine" created by Agha Waqar Ahmed, an inventor based in Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan.[citation needed] In July 2012, Agha Wager Ahmed's Water-kit was publicly announced as an apparatus that allows water to be used as a source of fuel in cars.[citation needed] The apparatus consists of a "water-kit" that can break water into hydrogen and oxygen molecules through the process of water electrolysis. Ahmed claims that any car using his kit can run exclusively on water and will yield 40 km of distance on a liter of water.[1][2][3] He has also claimed that his technology can power the entire country with water.[4] His claims have been met with scepticism as well as enthusiasm from Pakistani scientists.[5] Critics have pointed out that in order for the invention to work, it would have to violate the second law of thermodynamics.[5]

Water kit[edit]

Ahmed calls his invention "water-kit".[citation needed] The kit consists of a cylindrical jar (which holds the water), electrodes, wires to be attached with car's battery and a hose leading to the engine. The kit claims to use electrolysis to convert water into HHO gas, which is then used as fuel in an otherwise unmodified gasoline engine. The kit states that it requires distilled water.[3] Ahmed claims that he has been able to achieve much higher amounts of HHO compared to any other inventor because of his "undisclosed calculations".[6] He has applied for a patent from the Government of Pakistan and is waiting for their feedback.[6]

Government response[edit]

Ahmed claims to have done several demonstrations for Pakistani government officials.[7] According to a television interview he has had three meetings with Government's Science and Technology sector as well as a meeting with Pakistan's Atomic energy commission.[8] Upon hearing about his invention, the prime minister of Pakistan, Raja Pervaiz Ashraf, formed a committee consisting of three people. The committee members were Khursheed Shah, the minister of religious affairs, Mir Changez Khan Jamali, the federal minister for Science and Technology, and Dr. Asim Hussain, the advisor to the Prime Minister on Petroleum and Natural Resources.[8][9] Out of the three members, Khursheed Shah has publicly supported Ahmed's invention.[10]

After much publicity and media coverage, many government officials came forward to offer support for Ahmed's invention. Along with the aforementioned federal minister for Religious Affairs, two other federal ministers endorsed his work.[10][11] Sindh Minister for Law and Prisons, Mohammad Ayaz Soomro, called Ahmed a national hero while speaking to a media group.[1][12] Three other government officials congratulated him, stating that he "brought a revolution in the world of Science".[13] However it should be noted that Ahmed has been criticised for not clearly explaining how his invention could work without violating the laws of thermodynamics.[14] Ahmed was invited by Jamil Ahmed Khan, the Pakistani ambassador to UAE, to demonstrate his technology in Abu Dhabi.[15][16] Abdul Qadeer Khan, a nuclear scientist, has supported the idea of a water-fuelled car; however he has been criticised for his position.[17][18] Samar Mubarakmand was supportive of this idea and seemed enthusiastic at first,[18] but when Agha Waqar was called by Pakistan Television Corporation to take the demo of this Water Kit, he failed to give a demonstration in the live program in his car, claiming he had not fit the Water kit in his car for the TV program. Mubarakmand then told him that in his opinion, calcium carbide is added in water to produce the fuel for the engine.[citation needed] In that case, the calcium carbide is the energy source, not the water.

Criticism[edit]

Atta ur Rahman, a scientist and a former minister of Science and Technology, called for a technical investigation of Ahmed's car by top engineering universities when he appeared on Geo TV's Capital Talk. He told the host, Hamid Mir, that such inventions don't work and if they were to work, they would violate the law of conservation of energy. Ahmed replied to this criticism by stating that he had already made long drives with the car, done demonstrations for politicians and media personalities. He even challenged Rahman to check and verify his water fueled car himself. By the end of the show, everyone agreed that the car should be tested by independent sources.[7] Rahman showed similar concerns in another show by Talat Hussain Syed, News Night with Talat, for Dawn News.[19] While speaking to Express Tribune, Rahman stated he suspected this invention to be a scam. He repeated that such an invention would have to violate the laws of thermodynamics to work.[1]

On 11 August 2012, Rahman reported that the vehicle was to be fully inspected by engineers at the National University of Science & Technology, but Ahmed never showed up for the appointment. This caused Rehman to further accuse Ahmed of fraud, stating "Agha Waqar Ahmad did a disappearing act and never turned up for the appointment. The fraud had been exposed and escape was the only route available to him".[20]

Pervez Hoodbhoy, a nuclear physicist, wrote in The Express Tribune that Ahmed's coverage in the media, along with endorsement by government authorities and scientists, has exposed the ignorance and self-delusion of such entities. He criticized politicians and media for hailing Ahmed as a national hero and for promoting pseudo-scientific theories related to water-fueled cars. He insisted any technology should comply with basic principles of Science before getting any government funding.[10] It is worth mentioning that before Agha Waqar Ahmed, another Pakistani known as Doctor Ghulam Sarwar had claimed in December 2011 that he had invented a car that only runs on water.[21]

Several other skeptics have also weighed in on Ahmed's invention, mainly due to its violation of second law of thermodynamics.[14][18] On 6 August 2012, a physics teacher, Ranomal Malani, challenged Ahmed to demonstrate his kit publicly. If he succeeds, Malani have promised a pay out of five million rupees. Ahmed has accepted the challenge.[22]

Talat Hussain, who covered Ahmed's invention on his show, did a follow up show on 3 August 2012 to address the skeptics. His guests consisted of a panel of scientists, a PHD student and a reporter for KTN News. Ahmed was notable by his absence. The Scientists reiterated the problem of water-kit's incompatibility with the second law of thermodynamics. One of the guests, Javed Ahmed Chatta, said he was present at one of the demonstrations and showed his skepticism; however, his concerns were ignored by the authorities.[23] Another guest, Adeel Ghayur, stated that even if the apparent violation of natural laws was ignored the cost to operate such a car would be impractical.[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ahmed, Noman. "Water world: Dr Attaur Rahman senses a scam behind man touting water kit". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "Dream come true? A car that can run on water". The Times Of India. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "[Talk]" (in Urdu). Capital Talk. 30 July 2012. GEO TV.
  4. ^ SIYAL, NAZIR. "Loadshedding in Pakistan maybe end if govt take revolutionary steps: Dr. Qadeer Khan". The Lahore Times. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  5. ^ a b WALSH, DECLAN (4 August 2012). "Craving Energy and Glory, Pakistan Revels in Boast of Water-Run Car". The New York times. Retrieved 7 August 2012. "The country’s most famous scientist, Abdul Qadeer Khan – revered inside Pakistan as the father of the country’s nuclear weapons program and reviled elsewhere as a notorious figure in the international nuclear black market – gave it his imprimatur, too...But for established scientists, it was a symptom of a wider, more worrisome, ignorance of science." 
  6. ^ a b "[[1]]" (in Urdu). Kyun. 17 July 2012. Awaz Television Network.
  7. ^ a b "[Talk]". 31 July 2012. GEO TV.
  8. ^ a b "[[2]]" (in Urdu). 17 July 2012. Awaz Television Network.
  9. ^ "Agha Waqar Ahmed makes Car that runs on water". Retrieved 8 August 2012. "The Prime Minister of Pakistan Raja Pervaiz Ashraf formed a committee to review running of vehicles on water.According to Private TV channel, the committee comprises Religious Affairs Minister Khursheed Shah, Federal Minister for Science and Technology Mir Changez Khan Jamali and Advisor to the Prime Minister on Petroleum and Natural Resources Dr. Asim Hussain." 
  10. ^ a b c Hoodbhoy, Pervez. "The water car fraud". The Express tribune. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  11. ^ "Minister says will give good news to nation on Aug 14 as Pakistani man runs car on water". The News Tribe. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  12. ^ ZUBERI, SYED. "Agha Waqar is National Hero: Ayaz Soomro". Retrieved 8 August 2012. "Sindh Minister for Law and Prisons Muhammad Ayaz Soomro describing the Agha Waqar a national hero said that Agha Waqar’s invention of Water kit proved and recognized the Sindhi people on world level." 
  13. ^ "Engineer Agha Waqar Brought a Revolution in the World of Science-Provincial Ministers". 2 August 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012. "Provincial Minister for Environment Shaikh Muhammad Afzal, Minister for Archives Rafique Engineer and Advisor to Chief Minister on Special Education Imtiaz Ahmed Shaikh have congratulated the Engineer Agha Waqar of Khairpur on his invention of water kit which can run the Motor Car as well as other vehicles on only water. Sindh Ministers said that Agha Waqar did a successful experience in front of Government officials and media, they said that Agha Waqar has brought a revolution in the world of science." 
  14. ^ a b Imam, Zafar (2 August 2012). "Agha Waqar and his 'science-less' kit". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 8 August 2012. "In a telephonic interview with Agha Waqar Ahmed on July 29, 2012, for Sindh Express, most of my questions to him were about the physics, thermodynamics and chemistry behind his water kit. However, some questions regarding thermodynamics were not addressed as they should have been and I felt as though Waqar knew more about the 'engineering' behind his kit but not the 'physics' that went into it." 
  15. ^ "Demo of car that runs on water in Abu Dhabi". 2 August 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012. "Pakistani engineer Waqar Ahmed has been invited by Pakistani Ambassador to UAE Jamil Ahmed Khan in Abu Dhabi to give a demo to Irena’s director general." 
  16. ^ Jabri, Parvez (2 August 2012). "Pak envoy invites engineer Waqar to Abu Dhabi for demo Of 'Water Fuel Kit Project'". Business Recorder. "Pakistan’s ambassador to UAE Jamil Ahmed Khan and Director General of International Renewable Energy (IRENA) have agreed to hold demo of the water-kit invented by Pakistani engineer that makes it possible for cars to run on water." 
  17. ^ Hoodbhoy, Pervez (2 August 2012). "The water car fraud". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 8 August 2012. "In a few short days, he has exposed just how far Pakistan has fallen into the pit of ignorance and self-delusion. No practical joker could have demonstrated more dramatically the true nature of our country’s political leaders, popular TV anchors and famed scientists." 
  18. ^ a b c Saeed, Shahid (3 March 2012). "Bad Science". Dawn. Retrieved 8 August 2012. "Samar Mubarikmand was supportive of the idea and seemed enthusiastic about it, just suggesting that there are safety concerns, but not feasibility ones." 
  19. ^ "News Night With Talat Hussain". [Night With Talat Hussain].
  20. ^ Rahman, Atta-ur (11 August 2012). "The water car scam". The News. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  21. ^ New Water Running Car Kit Launched by Dr Ghulam Sarwar Launch, The News Pakistan
  22. ^ "Agha Waqar accepts Physics teacher's challenge to run car on water". 2 August 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  23. ^ "News Night with Talat" (in Urdu). [night with Talat]. Event occurs at 6:26. Dawn News.
  24. ^ "News Night with Talat" (in Urdu). [night with Talat]. Event occurs at 28:13. Dawn News.

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