The Agilolfings were a family of either Frankish or Bavarian nobility that ruled the Duchy of Bavaria on behalf of their Merovingian suzerains from about 550 until 788. Named after Agilulf, a semi-legendary prince of the Germanic Suebi tribe and descendant of King Hermeric of Galicia, the first duke of their line mentioned in any documents, and probably the first, was Gariwald (Garibald I). A cadet branch of the Agilolfings also ruled the Lombard Italy intermittently from 616 to 712.
The Lex Baiuvariorum issued about 743 denoted them as the leading dynasty, enthroned by the Merovingian kings of the Franks. Their Bavarian residence was at Regensburg. As they had their fate intertwined with the Merovingian dynasty, they opposed the rise of the Carolingian majordomos, who finally deprived the Agilolfings of their power.
Rulers of Bavaria
- Garibald I, Duke of Bavaria 548–591
- Tassilo I, King of Bavaria 591–610
- Garibald II, Duke of Bavaria 610–630
- Theodo, Duke of Bavaria 680–716
- Lantpert, son of Theodo, murderer of Emmeram of Regensburg
- Uta, daughter of Theodo
- Theudbert, son of Theodo, Duke in Salzburg ca. 702–719
- Theobald, son of Theodo, Duke of parts of Bavaria ca. 711–719
- Tassilo II, son of Theodo, Duke in Passau ca. 716–719
- Grimoald, son of Theodo, Duke in Freising ca. 716–725, later ruling all of Bavaria
- Hugbert, son of Theudbert, Duke of Bavaria 725–737
- Odilo, son of Gotfried of Allemania, Duke of Bavaria 737–748
- Grifo, 748 (half-Carolingian usurper)
- Tassilo III, son of Odilo, Duke of Bavaria 748–788, deposed by Charlemagne
- Theodo, son of Tassilo III, became a monk
Rulers of Italy
- Gundoald, Duke of Asti, son of Garibald I
- Theodelinda, daughter of Garibald I of Bavaria, Queen of the Lombards
- Adaloald, son of Agilulf and Theodelinda, King of the Lombards 616 to 626
- Gundeberga, daughter of Agilulf and Theodelinda, married King Arioald
- Aripert I, son of Gundoald, King of the Lombards 653–661
- Godepert, eldest son of Aripert, King of the Lombards 661–662 jointly with
- Berthari, younger son of Aripert, King of the Lombards 661–662 and 672–688
- Cunincpert, son of Berthari, King of the Lombards 688–700
- Liutpert, son of Cunincpert, King of the Lombards 700–701
- Raginpert, son of Godepert, King of the Lombards 701
- Aripert II, son of Raginpert, King of the Lombards 701–712
At the Austrasian court
- Oman, Charles. The Dark Ages, 476–918. London: Rivingtons, 1914.
- Pearson, Kathy Lynne Roper, Conflicting Loyalties in Early Medieval Bavaria: a View of Socio-Political Interaction, 680-900. (Aldershot: Ashgate), 1999.