Agios Nikolaos is a village in Laconia, southern Greece. The original name of the village dating back in 17th Century was "Panagia" from a homonymous temple of Virgin Mary. Most of the inhabitants trace their ancestry from the Western parts of Crete that was occupied by the Ottomans in 1669 resulting to a wide refugee influx in the Vatica area. Moreover people from the island of Kythera started populating the village from early 19th Century and onwards. Known families include "Nychas" family presumably indigenous since 17th Century, "Pavlakis" Cretan ancestry and "Michaletos" Venetian ancestry coming from Crete as well. The village has a strong diaspora concentrated in Australia and Pretoria -South Africa.