Agiou Pavlou monastery
|Full name||Μονή Αγίου Παύλου|
|Dedicated to||Paul the Apostle|
|Founder(s)||Paul of Heropotamou|
Agiou Pavlou (Saint Paul's) monastery (Greek: Μονή Αγίου Παύλου) is an Eastern Orthodox monastery in the monastic state of Mount Athos, located on the easternmost peninsula of Chalkidiki, Greece. The founder of monastery was Saint Paul of Xeropotamou.
The monastery is in the western part of the Athos peninsula and its Katholikon (main Church) is dedicated to the Presentation of Christ in the Temple. Its feast day is celebrated on 2 February. (Since the monastic community of Mount Athos observes the Julian Calendar, which is currently 13 days behind the civil calendar, 2 February on the Julian Calendar falls on 15 February of the modern Gregorian Calendar.)
Between 1355 and 1365, the Serbian nobleman Antonije Bagaš, together with Nikola Radonja, bought and restored the ruined monastery, becoming its abbott. The restoration of the monastery, supported by Radonja's brothers Vuk Branković and Grgur Branković, marked the beginning of the Serbian period of its history. On October 14, 1410, Serbian Despot Đurađ Branković donated Kuzmin to the monastery, as it was the wish of deceased Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović.
Bishop Porphiry Uspenski (1804–1885) during his visit in October, 1845, took 12 leaves of the Radoslav Gospel, which according to his opinion were the most valuable and gave them to the Russian National Library in St. Petersburg. The rest of the leaves which remained in the monastery were lost.
The monastery ranks fourteenth in the hierarchy of the Athonite monasteries. Its library contains 494 manuscripts, and over 12,000 printed books.
- Eastern Christianity, p. 160
- Recueil de Vardar. Akademija. 2006. p. 5. "Герасим је обновио и манас- тир Светог Павла; тако је почео његов српски период."
- Miladin Stevanović; Vuk Branković (srpski velmoža.) (2004). Vuk Branković. Knjiga-komerc. p. 53. "...манастир Светог Павла, који су темељно обновили уз по- моћ браће Вука и Гргура Бранковића"
- Zivkovic, Tibor. Charters of the Serbian rulers related to Kosovo and Metochia. pp. 123–124.
- Agoiu Pavlou monastery at the Mount Athos website
- Greek Ministry of Culture: Holy Monastery of Αgiou Pavlou (St.Paul's)
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