Aglaonike (Gr. Ἀγλαονίκη, Aglaonikē; fl. 2nd century BC), also known as Aganice of Thessaly, is cited as the first female astronomer in ancient Greece. She is mentioned in the writings of Plutarch and Apollonius of Rhodes as the daughter of Hegetor of Thessaly or as the daughter of Hegemon. She was regarded as a sorceress for her ability to make the moon disappear from the sky, which has been taken to mean she could predict the time and general area where a lunar eclipse would occur.
A number of female astrologers, apparently regarded as sorcerers, were associated with Aglaonike. They were known as the "witches of Thessaly" and were active from the 1st to 3rd centuries BC.
One of the craters of the planet Venus is named after Aglaonike.
A Greek proverb makes reference to Aglaonike's alleged boasting: "Yes, as the moon obeys Aglaonike".
- Plutarch, de Off. Conjug. p. 145, de Defect. Orac. p. 417.
- Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey (1986). Women in Science. The MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-15031-X.
- Schmitz, Leonhard (1867), "Aganice", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology 1, Boston, p. 59
- Howard, Sethanne (2008). Hidden Giants, 2nd Edition. Lulu.com. p. 31. ISBN 9781435716520.
- "Aglaonice". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Aglaonice. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1867). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
|This article related to women's history is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article about a Greek scientist is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|