Agnes Baldwin Alexander

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Agnes Alexander)
Jump to: navigation, search

Agnes Baldwin Alexander (1875–1971) was an American author and leader of the Bahá'í Faith.

Life[edit]

Agnes Baldwin Alexander was born July 21, 1875 in Honolulu when it was the Kingdom of Hawaii. Her father was educator William DeWitt Alexander (1833–1913) and mother was Abigail Charlotte Baldwin. Both sets of her grandparents were Christian missionary couples: Dwight Baldwin and Charlotte Fowler Baldwin, and William Patterson Alexander and Mary Ann McKinney Alexander.

She became a Bahá'í in 1900 while visiting Italy. In 1905 she visited Southeast Alaska and became the first Baha'i to set foot in that territory. In November 1914 she moved to Japan, at the request of `Abdu'l-Bahá, where she lived most of her life except during WWII and the last few years of her life when she retired to Hawaii. There she studied Esperanto also at his request, and became a member of the Universal Esperanto Association. The rest of her life, she used her ties to Esperanto to pierce language barriers and talk to others about the Bahá'í Faith.[1]

She was appointed a Hand of the Cause by Shoghi Effendi on March 27, 1957. She died January 1, 1971 in Hawaii.

Family tree[edit]

 
William P. Alexander
(1805–1884)
 
Mary Ann McKinney
(1810–1888)
 
Amos Starr Cooke
(1810–1871)
 
Juliette Montague
(1812–1896)
 
Dwight Baldwin
(1798–1886)
 
Charlotte Fowler
(1805–1873)
 
J. W. Smith
(1810–1887
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
David Dwight Baldwin
(1831–1912)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
W. O. Smith
(1848–1929)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William D. Alexander
(1833–1913)
 
Abigail Baldwin
(1847–1912)
 
Samuel T. Alexander
(1836–1904)
 
Martha Eliza Cooke
 
Ann Elizabeth Alexander
(1843–1940)
 
Henry P. Baldwin
(1842–1911)
 
Emily Whitney Alexander
(1846–1943)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agnes Alexander
(1875–1971)
 
Annie Montague Alexander
(1867–1950)
 
C.W. Dickey
(1871–1942)
 
Belle Dickey
(1880–1972)
 
James Dole
(1877–1958)
 
Henry Alexander Baldwin
(1871–1946)
 
Ethel Frances Smith
(1879–1967)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
J. Walter Cameron
(1895–1976)
 
 
 
Francis Baldwin
(1904–1996)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Colin C. Cameron
(1927–1992)
(Kapalua)

Works[edit]

Alexander wrote one book on the history of the Bahá'í Faith in Japan and was covered in detail by a number of other books.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biography of Agnes Alexander, Bahai-library.com

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]