Agnes Baldwin Alexander

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Agnes Baldwin Alexander (1875–1971) was an American author and leader of the Bahá'í Faith.


Agnes Baldwin Alexander was born July 21, 1875 in Honolulu when it was the Kingdom of Hawaii. Her father was educator William DeWitt Alexander (1833–1913) and mother was Abigail Charlotte Baldwin. Both sets of her grandparents were Christian missionary couples: Dwight Baldwin and Charlotte Fowler Baldwin, and William Patterson Alexander and Mary Ann McKinney Alexander.

She became a Bahá'í in 1900 while visiting Italy. In 1905 she visited Southeast Alaska and became the first Baha'i to set foot in that territory. In November 1914 she moved to Japan, at the request of `Abdu'l-Bahá, where she lived most of her life except during WWII and the last few years of her life when she retired to Hawaii. There she studied Esperanto also at his request, and became a member of the Universal Esperanto Association. The rest of her life, she used her ties to Esperanto to pierce language barriers and talk to others about the Bahá'í Faith.[1]

She was appointed a Hand of the Cause by Shoghi Effendi on March 27, 1957. She died January 1, 1971 in Hawaii.

Family tree[edit]

William P. Alexander
Mary Ann McKinney
Amos Starr Cooke
Juliette Montague
Dwight Baldwin
Charlotte Fowler
J. W. Smith
David Dwight Baldwin
W. O. Smith
William D. Alexander
Abigail Baldwin
Samuel T. Alexander
Martha Eliza Cooke
Ann Elizabeth Alexander
Henry P. Baldwin
Emily Whitney Alexander
Agnes Alexander
Annie Montague Alexander
C.W. Dickey
Belle Dickey
James Dole
Henry Alexander Baldwin
Ethel Frances Smith
J. Walter Cameron
Francis Baldwin
Colin C. Cameron


Alexander wrote one book on the history of the Bahá'í Faith in Japan and was covered in detail by a number of other books.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Biography of Agnes Alexander,

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]