In Indian Religion and Culture, the Agnivanshi Kshatriyas are people descended from Agni, the Vedic god of fire. The Agnivanshi lineage or Agnivansha is one of the three lineages into which the Kshatriya caste of Hindus is divided, the other races being the Suryavanshi (descended from Surya, the Sun God) and the Chandravanshi (descended from Chandra, the Moon God).The Kshatriyas in India are "Rajputs" and "Rajus" and also the "Marathas" who were the descendants of "Rajputs". Agnivanshi Kshatriyas are one of the three lineages of Rajput Kshatriyas.Agnivanshi Rajputs are present in North India & North Eastern part of India.The Parmars & Chauhans are considered to be the most superior lineages of Agnivanshi Rajputs.
The Agnivanshi Kshatriya Origin
The theory of Agnivanshi origin of the Rajputs is given in Prithviraj Raso of Chand Bardai. According to this Theory, Parsuram, an incarnation of Vishnu, destroyed all the Kshatriyas. However, the Brahmanas felt the need of warrior class to defend them. They offered prayers to God at top of Mount Abu. A great Havan was performed for about 40 days. The prayers of the Brahmanas brought forth fruit. Form that Agnikund or fire pit, there sprang up four heroes and each one of them created a separate Rajput class. Thus came into existence the Chauhans, the Solankis or Chalukyas, the Parmaars and the Praiharas. Agnivanshi Rajputs The group denoted by the name Kshatriya or Rajput depended on status, rather than on descent, and it was therefore possible for foreigners to be introduced into these tribes without any violation of the prejudices of the caste, which was then only partially developed. But it was necessary to disguise this admission of foreigners under a convenient fiction. Hence, arose the legend, how, by a solemn act of purification or initiation under the superintendence of the ancient Vedic Rishis, the fire born septs Known as Agnivanshi or fire born - viz., the Parmar, Parihar, Chalukya and Chauhan (Bhaduria, Dhanetiya, Nirvan)."
List of Agnivanshi Kshatriyas & their Gotras
As the Kshatriyas contain the Gotras named after Saptarishis and their sons or other great sages i.e Maharishis as similar to the Brahmins. The List of Agnivanshi Kshatriyas are as folllows:
Pramar, Parmar, Pambubar.
Gothra - Vashishtha.
Ved - Yajurved.
Kuldevi - Sinchimaay Mata, Durga in North India, Kali in Ujjain.
Their ancient capital was Chandrawati, situated 4 miles away from Abu station. This vansha evolves out from the Agni Kunda of Yagya on the Abu mountain."Parajan Marithi Parmar" means "Vansha which defeats the enemy" hence it is called Parmar. Great Brave king Vikramaditya, Raja Bhoj, Shalinivahan, Gandharwasen were from this vansha.
States - Malwa, Dharanagari, Dhar, Devas, Narsinghgarh, Ujjain. Samrat Vikramaditya was also recognised as a great ruler by the muslim community. According to the book Shayar ul Okul at Makab e Sultania, His glory was written on a golden plate kept at Kaba. It is also mentioned in Shayar ul Okul that Khushnuba dhoop was the giving of Vikramaditya. The entire world knows that Shivling and Kutubminar were build in Kaba by Vikramaditya.
Parmar Kshatriya has 35 branches which includes Pawar, Baharia, Ujjainia, Bholpuria, Sounthia, Chawda, Sumda, Sankla, Doda, Sodha, Bharsuria, Yashoverma, Jaivarma, Arjunvarma etc.
King Umravsingh, Jaiprakashsingh, Babusahabjadasingh were belongs to Ujjaini Kshatriya. The great Kunwarsingh Mahaveer was the son of Babusahabjadasingh.
Gothra - Bhardwaj, Manavya, Parashar.
Ved - Yajurved.
Kuldevi - Kali.
In South India they are also known as Chalukya or Choulukya. Kings Prithvidev, Madansingh was from this vansha. Madanakul was build by King Madansingh. King Chandradeep Narayan singh also from this vansha who build an ashram for Mahatma Gandhi on his own land. This ashram is known as Hajipur congress ashram.
States - Ayodhya, Kalyan, Andhra, Paatan, Gangatat. Solanki Kshatriya has 16 branches which includes Baghela, Baghel, Solanke, Kataria, Sikharia, Sarakia, Bharsuria, Tantia etc.
This vansha is existed from 1079.
Gothra - Kashyap.
Kuldevi - Chamunda.
Isht - Lord Vishnu. The first king from this vansha was Nagbhatta.
The great king Harishchandra was also from this vansha. He has two wifes, one was a Brahmin and the other was Kshatriya.
States - Kathiwarh, Ayodhya, Kurukshetra to Banaras, Bundelkhand, upto Himachal.
This vansha has 19 branches which includes Surawat, Chandrawat, Gajkeshar, Badkeshar, Chandrayan, Kalhansa etc. The state of Kalhansa Kshatriya was at Basti (U.P.). Many kings were born in this vansha. Chopra Kshatriya vansha is also one of its sub-branch. This vansha is existed from 894.
Gothra - Vatsa.
Ved - Samved.
Kuldevi - Ashipuri.
Guru - Vashishtha.
Isht - Mahadev.
Devta - Shrikrishna.
Samrat Prithviraj Chouhan, Lakha (1451) were from this vansha.
States - Bundi, Kota, Sirohi, Asthir. Delhi, Ajmer, Bhadoch, Dholpur was also come under their regime. They build beautiful lakes. Samrat Prithviraj Chouhan defeated Mohammad Ghori several times and forgive him later 16 times. The coward Mohammad Ghori deceitfully arrested Prithviraj Chouhan and take out both his eyes. Like Arjun, Prithviraj Chouhan was very fluent in his verbal approach. There are many other kings also belongs to this vansha.
Chouhan Kshatriya Vansha has 26 branches, sub-branches includes Vihol,Hada, Khinchi, Bhadoria, Songar, Songara, Devra, Rajkumar, Sambharia, Gadharia, Bhurecha, Balecha, Dhanetiya, Tassera, Chachera, Bhawar, Bankat, Bhople etc. Chouhan vansha existed from 1067.
Gothra - Vatsa.
Devi - Ashapuri.
Guru - Vashishtha.
Ved - Samved.
King Maniklal was from Hada vansha. One of the famous personality from this vansha is Ramdeva. Hada Kshatriya Vansha is also popularly known as Hadouti.
States - Bundi, Kota. There is a history of Brave Hada Rani.
Branches - Udawat, Devra, Devre, Jaitawat, Chandrawat.
Gothra - Vatsa.
Kuldevi - Chandi.
Ved - Samved.
King Kirtipal, Samarsingh, Udaysingh, Samantsingh, Kanhdev, Maldev belongs to this vansha. The fort of Jalor was captured by this vansha. The mother of Maharana Pratap was from this vansha.
Branch - Bhadoria. Songira Kshatriya is a branch of Chouhan Kshatriya.
Gothra - Bhardwaj, Kashyap.
Ved - Yajurved.
Devi - Kali. This vansha derive its name from their ancistor Vyaghradev. Many brave perfonalities were born in this vansha.
State - Madarv, Pandu, Pothapur, Nayagarh, Ranpura etc. This is a branch of Solanki. Branch of Baghel Kshatriya is Pawar.
Gothra etc. are the same as that of Chouhan Kshatriya. They ruled on Bhadawar and hence named as Bhadoria. This is a branch of Songara.
09."Bachgoti Chouhan Kshatriya":
They derived mis-spelled name from Vatsa Gotri and called themselves as Bachgoti Kshatriya. Rajkumar and Rajwar are their branches.
Gothra - Vatsa and Goutam is also found.
Ved - Samved.
Devi - Bhagwati.
Kings Bhagwatrai, Gugalsingh and Jaisingh were from this vansha. Khinchipur was their state. Raja Bhagwatrai has translated 7 stories of Ramayana into poems very beautifully. He has also written Hanuman Pachhisi.
This is a branch of Chouhan Kshatriya.
They are the natives of Kashmir.
Gothra - Kashyap.
States - Jammu, Balia.
'Note:'Kshatriyas are classified into Suryavanshi,Chandravanshi and also Agnivanshi."Agnivanshi Kshatriyas/Rajputs" comes under one of the three lineages of "Rajputs" and they are no way connected or related to any castes of Shudra Varna in South India who are trying to misinterpret or deceive that they are Agnivanshi Kshatriyas by their names of their castes which are changed due to their successful politicking in 1931 Census.But,Kshatriyas contain the Gotras named after Saptarishis and Great Sages i.e. Maharishis as similar to the Gotras of Brahmins. Kshatriyas in India are only the Rajputs,Rajus and also the Marathas(Descendants of Rajputs) who ruled Kingdoms in the past and wears the celestial thread/Sacred Thread(Jandyamu) and also accepted by the Brahmins and the Government of India and also finally they contain the Gotras named after Saptarishis and Great Sages i.e. Maharishis which indicates their Vedic Lineage.
The Agnikunda legend
The Agnikunda legend gives an account of the origin of the Agnivanshi Kshatriyas. In fact, it attempts to explain the origin of some of the Rajputs.There are several versions of the legend.
The Bhavishya Purana version of the legend begins with the puranic legend wherein Parashurama, an avatar of Vishnu, exterminated the traditional kshatriyas of the land. Later, the legend says, sage Vasishta performed a great Yajna or fire-sacrifice, to seek from the gods a provision for the defense of righteousness on earth. In answer to his prayer, a youth arose from the Agnikunda or fire-altar—the first Agnivanshi Kshatriya. According to different versions of the legend, Kshatriya clans originated from the Agnikunda.
A Meena dynasty ruled Rajasthan in ancient times and their emblem was a fish, similar to that used by the Pandyan kingdom of the south.[page needed] It lay to south of the kingdom of Kurus and west of the Yamuna which separated it from the kingdom of Panchalas. It roughly corresponded to former state of Jaipur in Rajasthan, and included the whole of Alwar with portions of Bharatpur. The capital of Matsya was at Viratanagar (modern Bairat) which is said to have been named after its founder, king Virata. Meenas are brothers and kinsmen of Virata, the ruler of Virat Nagar. They ruled this area(near to Virat Nagar) till 11th century.
The most famous Matsya ruler was Virata, the ally of the Pandavas. Upaplavya was a city in the Meena Kingdom ruled by king Virata. It was the city where the Pandavas camped and planned their strategy for the Kurukshetra War. Kichaka Kingdom was a part of the Matsya kingdom ruled by the Meenas rulers. Kichaka Kingdom was allied to King Virata. The Kichaka king, known by the name Kichaka was the commander-in-chief of the Matsya-army under king Virata.
The Meena Kingdom was known as “Matsya” as each of these Janapadas was named after the Kshatriya tribe (or the Kshatriya Jana) who had settled therein. Around 300 BC, the Meena kingdom succumbed to the rising Mauryan empire.
The Pratiharas established the first Rajput kingdom in Marwar in southwestern Rajasthan in the 6th century the greatest kingdom after Ashoka and Harshvardhan, the Chauhans at Ajmer in central Rajasthan, the Solankis in Gujarat, and the Paramaras in Malwa Rahevar "Rever"Tarangagadh - Rajasthan.
The Bhavishya Purana text, as avaialble today, is regarded to have later additions, some as late as 1850 CE.
Fortunately, large number of inscriptions and texts have come to light in the past one and half centuries that allow us to trace the history of Kshatriya and the evolution of the legend in detail.
The Agni-kunda story was first given in Nava-sahasanka-charita of Padmagupta, a fictional romance where the hero is identifiable as Sindhuraj. In Nava-sahasanka-charita the progenitor Paramara is created from fire by Vashishtha.
||The neutrality of this article is disputed. (November 2013)|
After referring several books and conducting research by the Aradani Bhanu Prakash Varma from Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, states that: The current day Vanniyars/Agnikula Kshatriyas in Andhra Pradesh are known as Suryavanshi Rajputs. There is a story for merging of these two Rajput vanshas. In the Ramayana, upon the recommendation of Sage Vashishta, King Dasharatha of Ayodhya performed the Putrakameshti Yajna under the supervision of Rishishringa Muni, who was an expert in Yajurveda, which has the guidelines for this prayer. After its successful completion, the Lord of Fire, Agnidev appeared and gave a Bowl of Sweet to the King of Ayodhya, which was provided to his three queens in order to promulgate his sons Lord Sri Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrughna Putrakameshti,. Therefore Agnikula Kshatriyas in Andhra Pradesh state are having Raghukula Gotram.Basically these Agnikula Kshatriyas originated in North India and some portion of these Agnikula Kshatriyas were spread to the Kerala via Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka & Tamil Nadu and called as Pallavas (palli's in South Andhra and Tamil border)/Vahni Kula Kshatriyas/ Vanniyars. Later periods,some section of Pallavas(Agnikula Kshatriyas) migrated to the coastal regions of Andhra Pradesh State for safety of their lives, after lossing battles. According to Sanskrit language, the "Om"kara mantra is the combination of three letters i.e. A+U+M. 'A'kara represents Solar Nadi(Pingala), 'U'kara represents Lunar Nadi(Ida), 'Ma'kara represents Agni(Sushumna) Nadi. Since this race originated from the third eye Agni of the Lord Shiva, they are also called as 'Ma'karulu in some regions(locally Marakallu). Where ever these Agnikula Kshatriyas/Pallavas/Vanniyars ruled/settled, we can see Lord Vishnu/Siva temples were built by them.
In Tamil Nadu, at Sirkazhi Vaideeswaran Temple, Inscriptions about the origin of Agnivansha are observed and in Tamil Nadu, the origin of agnivansha is called Vanniyar Puranam.It denotes that at ancient times there were two Asuras known as Vatapi and Mahi, who worshipped Brahma and obtained immunity from death and subsequently they garrisoned the Earth. At the request of Gods and Lords, Jambuva Mahamuni or Sambu/Jambu Maharishi or Vashistar performed a Yagam, or sacrifice by his yogic powers. Soon armed horsemen sprung from the flames, named VanniRaja or Rudra Vanniyan in south. they undertook twelve expeditions and destroyed the Asuras and freed the Earth.Their leader then assumed the government of the country under the name Rudra Vanniya Maharaja or Veera Vanniyan, who had five sons,the Ancestors of Vanniyar Caste(One of the Agnivansha). These five sons took five different regions and started ruling them.
The Vanniyar legends of origin can be readily linked with Draupadi cult and the Mahabharata. In one account, their ancestors guard the Pandavas weapons. In the other, their birth from a sacrificial fire is directly reminiscent of the epic birth of Draupadi herself along with her brother Dhirstadyumna. With regard to this latter tradition, the Vanniyars birth from fire has direct bearing on their claim to be Kshatriyas. Pandara Vannian is the famous vanniyar king.
- 949 CE: Harsola copperplate grants of Siyaka, mention Paramara as belonging to the family of Rashtrakutas. There is no mentionof the Agnikunda.
- 1005 CE: Padmagupta writes Navasahasanka-charita during the rule of Parmar Sindhuraj (about 995-1055) of Dhara. He mentions creation of Paramar from Agnikinda by Vashista, for the first time.
- 1000-1055: Bhoja: no mention of Agnikunda in his copperplates or inscriptions.
- 1042: Vasantgarh inscription mentions Paramara origin from Agnikunda.
- 1070-1093: Udayaditya, Udayapur prashasti mentions Paramara origin from Agnikunda.
- Uncertain date: Unknown text that was later consulted for Aine-Akbari.
- Aine-Akbari by Abul Fazl(1551–1602) mentions creation of a Dhanji from an Agnikunda, somewhere in Deccan, to fight Buddhism. He came to Malava and established his rule. When Puraraj, fifth in line from him, died childless, a Paramara is selected to succeed him.
- uncertain date: Agnikunda legend inserted in Prithviraj Raso, where three clans, Parihar, Chalukya and Parwar are mentions as having been created from the Agnikunda.
- Uncertain date: Agnikunda legend in Bhavishya Purana. It mentions four clans Paramar, Chauhan, Chalukya and Parihar were created to annihilate the Buddhists during the time of Ashoka.
- Origin of Rajputs
- Rajput clans
- Suryavanshi Aare Katika
- agnikula kshatriyas
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